Using Technology For the Right Reasons:
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Using Technology For the Right Reasons: Comparing Cases of Enabling, Enhancing, and Transforming Blends in Higher Education. Whitney Ransom Charles Graham. Historical emergence of BL. Area of overlap is where blended learning occurs. Distributed (computer-mediated) Learning Environments.

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Whitney ransom charles graham

Using Technology For the Right Reasons:Comparing Cases of Enabling, Enhancing, and Transforming Blends in Higher Education

Whitney Ransom

Charles Graham

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Historical emergence of bl

Historical emergence of BL

Area of overlap is

where blended

learning occurs

Distributed

(computer-mediated)

Learning Environments

Traditional F2F

Learning Environments

Expansion due to

technological innovation

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Historical emergence of bl1

Historical emergence of BL

Source: Graham, C. R. (2005). Blended learning systems: Definition, current trends, and future directions. In C. J. Bonk & C. R. Graham (Eds.), Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives, local designs (pp. 3-21). San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer Publishing.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Dimensions of interaction in bl

Dimensions of Interaction in BL

Source: Graham, C. R. (2005). Blended learning systems: Definition, current trends, and future directions. In C. J. Bonk & C. R. Graham (Eds.), Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives, local designs (pp. 3-21). San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer Publishing.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Transforming blends

Transforming Blends

My interest is in models that use the affordances of both F2F and computer-mediated environments to transform pedagogical practices.

Passive

Transmission

oriented

Active

learning

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


The handbook of blended learning

The Handbook of Blended Learning

  • Australia

  • China

  • Japan

  • Israel

  • Jordan

  • Korea

  • Malaysia

  • Mexico

  • New Zealand

  • Rwanda

  • Singapore

  • South Africa

  • U.S.A.

  • United Kingdom

  • Wales

HOBLe Available

December 2005

  • 39 chapters

  • Cases of blended learning in:

    • Corporate Training

    • Higher Education

    • Military Training

  • Perspectives and cases of Blended Learning from all around the world

Flier, book introduction, and first and last chapters are available online at:

http://www.publicationshare.com/

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


72 interviews with byu faculty

72 Interviews with BYU Faculty

* A faculty member appeared as a case in two separate studies

  • Sources:

    • Graham, C. R., & Robison, R. (in press). Realizing the transformational potential of blended learning: Comparing cases of transforming blends and enhancing blends in higher education. In A. G. Picciano & C. D. Dziuban (Eds.), Blended learning: Research perspectives: Sloan Consortium.

    • Robison, R.A. (2004). Selected faculty experiences in designing and teaching blended learning courses at Brigham Young University. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. The University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Lincoln, NE.

    • West, R. E., & Graham, C. R. (2005). Five powerful ways technology can enhance teaching and learning in higher education. Educational Technology, 45(3), 20-27.

    • West, R. E., Waddoups, G., & Graham, C. R. (in press). Understanding the experiences of instructors as they adopt a course management system. Educational Technology Research and Development.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Whitney ransom charles graham

60 Interviews with BYU Faculty

For our current research project, we have completed 60 interviews with faculty members at BYU who have completed large and small-scale technology projects. The graph above represents our random stratified sample.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Looking at bl models

Looking at BL Models

When reviewing models of BL we need to consider the following characteristics of the model:

Source: Graham, C. R., & Robison, R. (in press). Realizing the transformational potential of blended learning: Comparing cases of transforming blends and enhancing blends in higher education. In A. G. Picciano & C. D. Dziuban (Eds.), (title forthcoming): Sloan Consortium.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Categories of blends

Categories of blends

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Enabling blends

Enabling Blends

  • Many of the for-profit institutions like Capella, Jones International University, and University of Phoenix have models that focus on making educational opportunities available to those who don’t have access due to time and location constraints.

  • National University has a teacher preparation program geared towards access and flexibility.

  • Many international education and training programs are also focused on providing access (e.g., World Bank, Mexico’s Red Escolar program, etc.)

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Enabling blends1

Enabling Blends

Effective use

Lab Navigator: An interactive game that provides a fun and innovative way for beginning microbiology students to learn to conduct lab research.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Enabling blends2

Enabling Blends

  • Fully online - students can complete qualifications without coming onto the campus

  • Mostly online - there is a mix of online and some on-campus work in the qualification

  • Somewhat online - there is an online component for on-campus students

  • Supported online - courses are taught in the traditional lecture/tutorial mode, supported by material provided through the online learning or relevant university schools’ document management systems

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Enhancing blends

Enhancing Blends

“Students want to be constantly exposed to multiple sources of input. Google jockeying takes what otherwise would be private, back-channel communication and makes it available to the entire class, transforming an individual activity into one that benefits the group.“ EDUCAUSE

Google Jockey

Just in time training

International Business: This set of interactive video simulations is designed to illustrate the consequences of choices in varying international business situations.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Enhancing blends1

Enhancing Blends

In-Class Response

  • When voting is done by a show of hands, sometimes social desirability prevents students from voting their true conscience…Using the transmitters helped everyone to express their true opinion.

  • The transmitters helped me to pay attention more because I knew I would be participating.

  • Using the transmitters during the simulations made me want to know more, to understand concepts better, so that I could actively participate.

Damron, D. & Mott, J. (2005). Creating an Interactive Classroom: Enhancing Student Engagement and Learning in Political Science Courses. Journal of Political Science Education, 1: 367-383.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Enhancing to transforming

enhancing to transforming?

How do we move from enhancing to transforming blends?

  • Hypothesis: enhancing blends focused on pedagogical over productivity uses of technology will be more likely to evolve to transforming blends.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Whitney ransom charles graham

Transforming Blends

Virtual Audiometer helps students learn the necessary skills to administer hearing tests, using the most up-to-date equipment available.

Virtual Chem Lab helps students learn the intricacies of performing chemical experiments.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Transforming blends1

Transforming Blends

Rehearsal Techniques: A collection of music rehearsal techniques were assembled into an interactive CD-ROM for teaching music education students ways to improve ensemble performance.

  • Organ Tutor is an interactive tutoring program which teaches students how to play the organ.

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Transforming blends2

Transforming Blends

Higher Education

  • supporting authentic learning environments through BL (Oliver et al., HOBLe)

  • Many of the PEW projects are good examples

  • Use of simulations and collaborative online learning strategies

Example of a virtual setting for where students will take on the role

of a researcher to learn research methods (Oliver et al., HOBLe).

Source: Graham, C. R., & Robison, R. (in press).

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Transforming blends3

Transforming Blends

Corporate/Military Training

  • Workplace learning (integrating learning into workflow)

  • Performance support and knowledge management using mobile technologies

  • Mixed-reality environments combining the virtual and real

Example of levels of mixed reality that allow a blending

of the real and virtual worlds (Kirkley & Kirkley, HOBLe).

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Review of the blends

Review of the blends

Teaching With Technology Idea Exchange Conference


Whitney ransom charles graham

Questions???

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