Chapter 3. Review Finding the Subject AND VERBS!!! Wheeeee !. Finding the Subject. Remember that finding the subject of the sentence isn’t too bad! Just figure out what the ACTION is and Who/What is performing it! Mr. Morton! http://ttosspon.wikispaces.com/Grammar+Rocks!#Subject.
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Review Finding the Subject AND VERBS!!! Wheeeee!
The quizwill be on Tuesday
The teacheris new in the department.
The womancomes here now.
In the night train, the child slept.
Here the motionof the railroad cars lulled the passengers.
The child’s mother, a single parent, put a coat under the child’s head for a pillow.
Outside the window, the lights from small towns and villages twinkled.
4. Outside the window, the lights from small towns and villages twinkled.
5. Sometimes passengers could look into people’s windows.
6. There was a silence in the train.
7. Why do people travel in the middle of the night?
Sometimes passengers could look into people’s windows.
There was a silencein the train.
Why do people travel in the middle of the night.
In most cases, children will rest quietly at night.
8. In most cases, children will rest quietly at night.
9. Will the woman with a young child and heavy suitcases have a difficult time at the end of the trip?
10. On the platform waits an elderly man, anxious for the first sight of his grandson.
Will the woman with a young child and heavy suitcases have a difficult time at the end of the trip?
On the platform waits an elderly man, anxious for the first sight of his grandson.
Action Verbs (AV) express physical or mental action.
The batter thinks about winning the game.
A linking verb (LV) is a verb that expresses a state of being. A linking verb connects, or links, the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject.
The verb "to be"
amhas beenmay be
ishave beencan be
arehad beenshould be
waswill bemight be
werewould have been
Most of the other linking verbs are related to your five senses
appear, become, seem, look
touch, feel, remain
The musicsounds loud.
The manseems irritated.
The flowersmells fragrant.
The appletastes delicious.
The Girl Scoutfeels sad because no plants are growing at Camp Green Lake.
Action verb or linking verb?
The cookie smelled delicious!
Caveman smelled the cookie.
Linking Verb or Action Verb?
Linking verbs link the cookie to a word in the predicate. When the cookie is the subject, it is not performing an action and is not able to smell, taste, touch. However . . .
When the sentence is about someone eating, smelling, or tasting the cookie, there is action being performed. The verb is then an action verb.
Ismelled the chocolate chip cookies baking in the kitchen.
My little brotherappeared at the kitchen window and stole a cookie.
The cookie tasted gooey because it came straight from the oven.
The cookie he ate appears to be underbaked.
A helping verb helps the main verb express action or a state of being. A helping verb can help either an action verb or a linking verb!
Santa Claus is helping himself to the cookies!
Santa is checking his list twice. I know that you are hoping that you are on the good list, but the list does appear to be pretty short this year. You might have been left off of the list! The letter that you wrote could have been lost in the mail. Christmas might be looking pretty grim for you.
A verb and all of its helpers is called a verb phrase.
Clint’s plane is tumbling over the Virginia falls.
Unfortunately things might have been different if the engine had not died.
Always remember NOT is NOT a verb
Verb phrases are often interrupted by an adverb.
The engine of the plane will usually start.
Usually the engine of the plane will start.
Will start is the verb phrase; the adverb does not change the facts!!!!