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Kansas Green Teams Managing Home Owner Yard Materials and Other Organics July 16, 2009 Ken Powell Kansas Department of Health and Environment (785) 296-1121 (785) 296-1592 fax [email protected]

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Organics Produced

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Organics produced

Kansas Green TeamsManaging Home Owner Yard Materials and Other OrganicsJuly 16, 2009Ken PowellKansas Department of Health and Environment(785) 296-1121 (785) 296-1592 [email protected]

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Organics produced

Organics Produced

  • Yard Waste up to 15%

  • Food Waste up to 13%

  • Office Paper up to 5%

  • Cardboard up to 18%

  • Other Paper up to 10%

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Methods of managing organics

Methods of Managing Organics

  • Toss in Trash

  • Feed to Pets and Livestock

  • Compost

  • Recycle

  • Reuse

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Organics produced

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Composting

Composting

  • What is Compost?

    • Organic material which has decomposed into a humus‑rich soil amendment

  • What is Composting?

    • A controlled process of microbial degradation of organic material into a stable, nuisance‑free humus‑like product

  • Why Compost?

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The process

The Process

  • The Biological Process

    • Aerobic vs. Anaerobic

    • Fast vs. Slow

  • Decomposition

    • Enzymatic Digestion by Microbes

    • Chemical Process

  • Converts Ammonia to Organic Nitrogen

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Organics produced

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The backyard process

The Backyard Process

  • Ingredients

    • Yard Waste (Leaves and Grass)

    • Junk Mail

    • Waste Grains (bird seed)

    • Livestock Manures (No cat or dog feces)

    • Animal Bedding

    • Dead Animals???

  • Carbon and Nitrogen

    • 30:1 is ideal

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Organics produced

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The process1

The Process

  • Moisture

    • 40 ‑ 60%

    • Squeeze Test

  • Aeration

    • Turning Frequency

  • Particle Size

  • Temperature

    • 120‑1550F

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The product

The Product

  • Uses of Compost

    • Mulch

    • Turfgrass

    • Gardens

    • Lawns

    • Landfill Cover Amendment

    • Fertilizer Replacement

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Quality

Quality

  • Odor

  • Color

  • pH

  • Pathogens

  • Heavy Metals

  • Organic Content

  • Inert Contaminants

  • Maturity/Stability

  • Soluble Salts

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Monitoring testing

Monitoring & Testing

  • What To Monitor

    • Storage Time Before Adding To Bin

    • Temperature

    • Moisture

    • C/N Ratio

    • Time in Pile or Windrow

    • Odors

    • O2 and CO2

    • Curing Time

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Monitoring testing1

Monitoring & Testing

  • Testing (KDOT Specifications)

    • NPK

    • Soluble Salts

    • Maturity

    • pH

    • Bulk Density

    • Organic Matter Content

    • Moisture Content

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Three bin backyard composting system

Three Bin BackyardComposting System

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Specialty items

Specialty Items

  • Compost Thermometer

  • Moisture Meter

  • pH Meter

  • Compost Tea Brewer

  • Compost Spreaders

  • Rain Barrels


Resources

Resources

  • Kansas State University Extension Service

  • Cornell University

  • California Integrated Waste Management Board

  • Oregon DEQ

  • Washington DEQ

  • Private Web Sites


Vermicomposting worms

Vermicomposting (Worms)

  • Topeka VA Hospital

  • Private Sites


Organics produced

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


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