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Kansas Green Teams Managing Home Owner Yard Materials and Other Organics July 16, 2009 Ken Powell Kansas Department of Health and Environment (785) 296-1121 (785) 296-1592 fax [email protected]

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Kansas Green TeamsManaging Home Owner Yard Materials and Other OrganicsJuly 16, 2009Ken PowellKansas Department of Health and Environment(785) 296-1121 (785) 296-1592 [email protected]

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Organics produced
Organics Produced

  • Yard Waste up to 15%

  • Food Waste up to 13%

  • Office Paper up to 5%

  • Cardboard up to 18%

  • Other Paper up to 10%

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Methods of managing organics
Methods of Managing Organics

  • Toss in Trash

  • Feed to Pets and Livestock

  • Compost

  • Recycle

  • Reuse

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Composting
Composting public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • What is Compost?

    • Organic material which has decomposed into a humus‑rich soil amendment

  • What is Composting?

    • A controlled process of microbial degradation of organic material into a stable, nuisance‑free humus‑like product

  • Why Compost?

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The process
The Process public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • The Biological Process

    • Aerobic vs. Anaerobic

    • Fast vs. Slow

  • Decomposition

    • Enzymatic Digestion by Microbes

    • Chemical Process

  • Converts Ammonia to Organic Nitrogen

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The backyard process
The Backyard Process public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • Ingredients

    • Yard Waste (Leaves and Grass)

    • Junk Mail

    • Waste Grains (bird seed)

    • Livestock Manures (No cat or dog feces)

    • Animal Bedding

    • Dead Animals???

  • Carbon and Nitrogen

    • 30:1 is ideal

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The process1
The Process public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • Moisture

    • 40 ‑ 60%

    • Squeeze Test

  • Aeration

    • Turning Frequency

  • Particle Size

  • Temperature

    • 120‑1550F

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The product
The Product public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • Uses of Compost

    • Mulch

    • Turfgrass

    • Gardens

    • Lawns

    • Landfill Cover Amendment

    • Fertilizer Replacement

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Quality
Quality public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • Odor

  • Color

  • pH

  • Pathogens

  • Heavy Metals

  • Organic Content

  • Inert Contaminants

  • Maturity/Stability

  • Soluble Salts

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Monitoring testing
Monitoring & Testing public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • What To Monitor

    • Storage Time Before Adding To Bin

    • Temperature

    • Moisture

    • C/N Ratio

    • Time in Pile or Windrow

    • Odors

    • O2 and CO2

    • Curing Time

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Monitoring testing1
Monitoring & Testing public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • Testing (KDOT Specifications)

    • NPK

    • Soluble Salts

    • Maturity

    • pH

    • Bulk Density

    • Organic Matter Content

    • Moisture Content

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Three bin backyard composting system
Three Bin Backyard public health agency, KDHE promotesComposting System

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Specialty items
Specialty Items public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • Compost Thermometer

  • Moisture Meter

  • pH Meter

  • Compost Tea Brewer

  • Compost Spreaders

  • Rain Barrels


Resources
Resources public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • Kansas State University Extension Service

  • Cornell University

  • California Integrated Waste Management Board

  • Oregon DEQ

  • Washington DEQ

  • Private Web Sites


Vermicomposting worms
Vermicomposting (Worms) public health agency, KDHE promotes

  • Topeka VA Hospital

  • Private Sites


KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


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