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Kansas Green Teams Managing Home Owner Yard Materials and Other Organics July 16, 2009 Ken Powell Kansas Department of Health and Environment (785) 296-1121 (785) 296-1592 fax [email protected]

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Organics Produced

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Kansas Green TeamsManaging Home Owner Yard Materials and Other OrganicsJuly 16, 2009Ken PowellKansas Department of Health and Environment(785) 296-1121 (785) 296-1592 [email protected]

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Organics Produced

  • Yard Waste up to 15%

  • Food Waste up to 13%

  • Office Paper up to 5%

  • Cardboard up to 18%

  • Other Paper up to 10%

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Methods of Managing Organics

  • Toss in Trash

  • Feed to Pets and Livestock

  • Compost

  • Recycle

  • Reuse

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Composting

  • What is Compost?

    • Organic material which has decomposed into a humus‑rich soil amendment

  • What is Composting?

    • A controlled process of microbial degradation of organic material into a stable, nuisance‑free humus‑like product

  • Why Compost?

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The Process

  • The Biological Process

    • Aerobic vs. Anaerobic

    • Fast vs. Slow

  • Decomposition

    • Enzymatic Digestion by Microbes

    • Chemical Process

  • Converts Ammonia to Organic Nitrogen

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The Backyard Process

  • Ingredients

    • Yard Waste (Leaves and Grass)

    • Junk Mail

    • Waste Grains (bird seed)

    • Livestock Manures (No cat or dog feces)

    • Animal Bedding

    • Dead Animals???

  • Carbon and Nitrogen

    • 30:1 is ideal

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The Process

  • Moisture

    • 40 ‑ 60%

    • Squeeze Test

  • Aeration

    • Turning Frequency

  • Particle Size

  • Temperature

    • 120‑1550F

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


The Product

  • Uses of Compost

    • Mulch

    • Turfgrass

    • Gardens

    • Lawns

    • Landfill Cover Amendment

    • Fertilizer Replacement

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Quality

  • Odor

  • Color

  • pH

  • Pathogens

  • Heavy Metals

  • Organic Content

  • Inert Contaminants

  • Maturity/Stability

  • Soluble Salts

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Monitoring & Testing

  • What To Monitor

    • Storage Time Before Adding To Bin

    • Temperature

    • Moisture

    • C/N Ratio

    • Time in Pile or Windrow

    • Odors

    • O2 and CO2

    • Curing Time

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Monitoring & Testing

  • Testing (KDOT Specifications)

    • NPK

    • Soluble Salts

    • Maturity

    • pH

    • Bulk Density

    • Organic Matter Content

    • Moisture Content

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Three Bin BackyardComposting System

KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


Specialty Items

  • Compost Thermometer

  • Moisture Meter

  • pH Meter

  • Compost Tea Brewer

  • Compost Spreaders

  • Rain Barrels


Resources

  • Kansas State University Extension Service

  • Cornell University

  • California Integrated Waste Management Board

  • Oregon DEQ

  • Washington DEQ

  • Private Web Sites


Vermicomposting (Worms)

  • Topeka VA Hospital

  • Private Sites


KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans


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