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Kansas Green Teams Managing Home Owner Yard Materials and Other Organics July 16, 2009 Ken Powell Kansas Department of Health and Environment (785) 296-1121 (785) 296-1592 fax [email protected]

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Kansas Green TeamsManaging Home Owner Yard Materials and Other OrganicsJuly 16, 2009Ken PowellKansas Department of Health and Environment(785) 296-1121 (785) 296-1592 [email protected]

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

organics produced
Organics Produced
  • Yard Waste up to 15%
  • Food Waste up to 13%
  • Office Paper up to 5%
  • Cardboard up to 18%
  • Other Paper up to 10%

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

methods of managing organics
Methods of Managing Organics
  • Toss in Trash
  • Feed to Pets and Livestock
  • Compost
  • Recycle
  • Reuse

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

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KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

composting
Composting
  • What is Compost?
    • Organic material which has decomposed into a humus‑rich soil amendment
  • What is Composting?
    • A controlled process of microbial degradation of organic material into a stable, nuisance‑free humus‑like product
  • Why Compost?

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

the process
The Process
  • The Biological Process
    • Aerobic vs. Anaerobic
    • Fast vs. Slow
  • Decomposition
    • Enzymatic Digestion by Microbes
    • Chemical Process
  • Converts Ammonia to Organic Nitrogen

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

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KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

the backyard process
The Backyard Process
  • Ingredients
    • Yard Waste (Leaves and Grass)
    • Junk Mail
    • Waste Grains (bird seed)
    • Livestock Manures (No cat or dog feces)
    • Animal Bedding
    • Dead Animals???
  • Carbon and Nitrogen
    • 30:1 is ideal

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

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KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

the process1
The Process
  • Moisture
    • 40 ‑ 60%
    • Squeeze Test
  • Aeration
    • Turning Frequency
  • Particle Size
  • Temperature
    • 120‑1550F

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

the product
The Product
  • Uses of Compost
    • Mulch
    • Turfgrass
    • Gardens
    • Lawns
    • Landfill Cover Amendment
    • Fertilizer Replacement

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

quality
Quality
  • Odor
  • Color
  • pH
  • Pathogens
  • Heavy Metals
  • Organic Content
  • Inert Contaminants
  • Maturity/Stability
  • Soluble Salts

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

monitoring testing
Monitoring & Testing
  • What To Monitor
    • Storage Time Before Adding To Bin
    • Temperature
    • Moisture
    • C/N Ratio
    • Time in Pile or Windrow
    • Odors
    • O2 and CO2
    • Curing Time

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

monitoring testing1
Monitoring & Testing
  • Testing (KDOT Specifications)
    • NPK
    • Soluble Salts
    • Maturity
    • pH
    • Bulk Density
    • Organic Matter Content
    • Moisture Content

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

three bin backyard composting system
Three Bin BackyardComposting System

KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

specialty items
Specialty Items
  • Compost Thermometer
  • Moisture Meter
  • pH Meter
  • Compost Tea Brewer
  • Compost Spreaders
  • Rain Barrels
resources
Resources
  • Kansas State University Extension Service
  • Cornell University
  • California Integrated Waste Management Board
  • Oregon DEQ
  • Washington DEQ
  • Private Web Sites
vermicomposting worms
Vermicomposting (Worms)
  • Topeka VA Hospital
  • Private Sites
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KDHE Mission: As the state\'s environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

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