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Iowa Comprehensive Highway Safety Plan (CHSP). Tom Welch State Transportation Safety Engineer Office of Traffic and Safety Iowa Department of Transportation [email protected] SAFETEA-LU Requirements. Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP).

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Iowa Comprehensive Highway

Safety Plan (CHSP)

Tom Welch

State Transportation Safety Engineer

Office of Traffic and SafetyIowa Department of Transportation

[email protected]

highway safety improvement program hsip

SAFETEA-LU Requirements

Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP)

Purpose: to achieve a significant reduction in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on public roads

strategic highway safety plans shsp

SAFETEA-LU Requirements

Strategic Highway Safety Plans (SHSP)
  • Developed by DOT after consultation with prescribed safety stakeholders
  • Analyzes and makes effective use of crash data
  • Addresses four E’s plus management and operations
    • Engineering, Education, Enforcement, and Emergency Response
slide4

SAFETEA-LU Requirements

Strategic Highway Safety Plans (SHSP)

  • Considers safety needs of all public roads
  • Describes program of projects or strategies to reduce or eliminate safety hazards
  • Approved by state governor or responsible state agency
iowa s c hsp

Iowa’s CHSP

Iowa’s plan will be “Comprehensive” rather than “Strategic”

highway safety why a congressional priority now americans can do more to improve highway safety
Highway SafetyWhy a Congressional Priority Now?“Americans can do more to improve highway safety”
  • “…43,000 deaths per year”
  • “Every year this country experiences a national tragedy that is as preventable as it is devastating.”
  • “The enormous cost to society is about $230 billion, or $820 per person.”
  • Transportation Secretary Leon Mineta April 2006
slide7

10th

Global Safety ComparisonsFatality Rate (2002 Data) – Deaths/1B kmVT

  • United Kingdom 7.6
  • Sweden 8.3
  • Norway 8.3
  • Switzerland 8.4
  • Finland 8.5
  • Australia 9.0
  • Denmark 9.2
  • Canada 9.3
  • USA 9.4
  • Germany 11.1

(Source: IRTAD 2004)

slide8

Safety Culture

Why Success in Other Industrialized Nations ?

“Safety Culture”

  • United Kingdom
      • Typical speeding, safety belt or cell phone traffic violation fine £ 1,000 = $1,893
      • Automated speed enforcement is commonly employed
    • Sweden
      • “Vision Zero” national goal is NO highway deaths
      • The lowest legal level is .02 BAC
slide9

Safety Culture

Why Success in Other Industrialized Nations ?

“Safety Culture”

  • Norway
      • Increased traffic fines up to 30 percent in 2003
      • Driving under the influence carries mandatory jail time.

Denmark:

      • Fines are collected on-the-spot for the infringement of all traffic regulations.
slide10
Traffic fines generally are based on two factors:

the severity of the offense

the driver\'s income

“Jaako Rytsola, a 27-year-old Finnish Internet entrepreneur and newspaper columnist, was cruising in his BMW one recent evening. The officer pulled over Mr. Rytsola\'s car and issued him a speeding ticket for driving 43 miles an hour in a 25-mile-an-hour zone. The fine: $71,400.”

Safety Culture

Finland“When it comes to crime, the wealthy should suffer as much as the poor.”

slide11
From nearly identical rates in 1980, the Australian rate has fallen to a point where it is now a little more than half the U.S. rate. (Based on public health measures of deaths/population)

Implementing the “Halving Fatalities” goal introduced several traffic safety legislative and regulatory amendments to increase police powers, sharpen laws, and increase penalties.

Safety Culture

Australia - Most like the U.S.Government, Road Systems and Travel Patterns

HALVING Roadway Fatalities

A Case Study from Victoria, Australia

1989-2004

slide12

Safety Culture

Australia’sSafety Culture Based on Every Driver’s Responsibility:

Impairment

  • .05 blood alcohol content (BAC) for all drivers
  • Zero BAC first three years after licensing and for taxi drivers
  • Immediate license loss for all drunk-driver second or subsequent offenses

HALVING Roadway Fatalities

A Case Study from Victoria, Australia

1989-2004

slide13

Safety Culture

Australia’sSafety Culture Based on Every Driver’s Responsibility:

Enforcement

  • Increased random breath testing: Efforts increased five-fold resulting in one in three drivers likely (statistically) to be tested annually
  • Introduced automated speed limit enforcement with cameras

HALVING Roadway Fatalities

A Case Study from Victoria, Australia

1989-2004

slide14

Safety Culture

Australia’sSafety Culture Based on Every Driver’s Responsibility:

Vulnerable Road users

  • Mandatory bicycle helmet use law (motorcycle helmet law since 1960’s)

Education

  • Long-term program of public education to support specific safety initiatives and keep traffic safety in the public arena

HALVING Roadway Fatalities

A Case Study from Victoria, Australia

1989-2004

slide15

Safety Culture

Australia’s Success Factors

  • A Sound and Realistic Plan
  • Political and Bureaucratic Leadership
  • Integrated Implementation
  • Other Enabling Factors
    • Past success
    • Strong relationships
    • Sound data for evidence-based decisions
    • Public education
    • Supportive media

= Results:

A Safety Culture Change

HALVING Roadway Fatalities

A Case Study from Victoria, Australia

1989-2004

slide16

Safety Culture

Change the Safety Culture

“I would conclude that one of the failures in the United States is to get highway safety as a high priority for key decision makers.”

-Brian O’Neill , President and CEO

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety

slide17

Safety Culture

Driver-Based Strategies

"We have the tools to prevent this tragedy – every car has a safety belt, every motorcycle rider should have a helmet, and everyone should have enough sense to never drive while impaired.”

Transportation Secretary Norman MinetaApril 2006

slide18
1 Murder every 7.1 days

1 Violent Crime every 70 minutes

1 Property Crime every 6 minutes

1 Crime every 5.5 minutes

IowaCrimeCrashClock

1 Fatality every 20 hours

1 Injury

every 20 minutes

1 Property Damage every 14 minutes

1 Crash every 9 minutes

slide20

-0.76

-0.16

-1.26

-0.54

0.64

-0.65

-0.46

-0.39

-0.30

-0.39

0.06

-0.25

0.19

-0.08

-0.23

0.13

-0.07

-0.52

-0.02

-0.17

-0.17

-0.17

-0.57

0.81

-0.02

-0.29

0.02

0.05

0.23

0.29

-0.33

0.10

0.19

0.21

-0.15

0.01

0.29

0.17

DC

-0.06

0.79

0.30

0.23

0.44

Iowa’s fatality

rate is .52 less

than expected

…given where its

VMT occurs

-0.18

0.12

0.46

0.23

0.34

0.19

0.41

-1.30 to zero

Zero to 0.83

-0.10

Puerto Rico

Virgin Islands

Charles (Tony) Aiken FHWA [email protected]

Expected Fatality Rates –How Does Iowa Rank?(Weighted by Distribution of VMT) Compared to Actual Fatality Rates

slide21

Iowa Success

Impairment

  • 24 percent alcohol involvement crashes
  • 2nd lowest rate in the nation

Occupant Protection

  • 90 percent belt usage
  • 10th highest in the nation

Young Drivers

  • Reduction in young driver traffic crashes and convictions
basis of iowa success legislative support1
Basis of Iowa SuccessLegislative Support
  • In 1982, Iowa passed its first per se OWI law.
  • In July 1987, Iowa’s primary seatbelt law was enacted and the “Life Toll” was at 5752 lives saved as of 9/01/06.
  • On January 1, 1999, Iowa’s Graduated Driver License (GDL) law took effect creating a three tier licensing system for young drivers.
slide24

Basis of Iowa SuccessLegislative Support

  • In 1987, Iowa’s legislature provided that one-half of one percent (1/2 percent) of Iowa’s Road Use Tax Fund be used for the Traffic Safety Improvement Program or studies for state or local public roads.
slide25

Basis of Iowa SuccessLegislative Support

  • In 2003, Iowa joined most of the nation in adopting a .08 BAC impaired driving law.
  • In 2004, Iowa’s 1987 child restraint provisions were enhanced to adopt more of the guidelines proven to increase child survivability in crashes. (Effective 01/01/2006)
slide27

Basis of Iowa SuccessProgram Support

  • In 2004, Iowa DOT adopted a paved shoulder and rumble strip policy on selected two-lane and four-lane facilities. In 2005, 298 miles of shoulders were paved.
  • Iowa DPS and GTSB continue to coordinate multi-agency, high-profile enforcement efforts.
slide28

Basis of Iowa SuccessProgram Support

  • GTSB and the Department of Public Health continue to support child safety seat awareness and technician training.
  • In the last decade, the Iowa DOT replaced about a thousand miles of high volume high-crash two-lane roads with four-lane divided roads.
  • The Iowa DNR has made progress in reducing the Iowa deer herd.
slide29

More Work to Be Done…

  • In Iowa the “low hanging fruit” has been picked.
  • More lives can be saved.
  • Proven strategies are available to “reach the remaining fruit.”
iowa safety challenges
Iowa Safety Challenges

These traffic measures are increasing:

  • Overall vehicle miles traveled (VMT)
  • Drivers’ licenses and vehicle registrations (SUVs and pickups)
  • Commercial vehicle miles
  • Iowans commute more miles for work = more high-speed congestion

Enforcement

  • Fewer traffic enforcement officers statewide

Certain Iowa drivers are more "at risk"

  • Older Iowans are driving more miles, and continuing to later in life
  • Motorcycle fatalities, licensing, registration and ridership are up dramatically
  • SUV’s and pickups are more prone to roll over in crashes
  • Less attentive and less safety conscious drivers
iowa s safety challenge
Iowa’s Safety Challenge
  • “Each year hundreds of people will continue to die and thousands will be injured if Iowa does not become an agent of cultural change for traffic safety.”
  • “Despite the steep decline in traffic fatalities over the past 20 years, Iowa is at risk of maintaining the plateau at around 445 deaths per year.”
  • “If Iowa does not embark on a movement toward changing the safety culture, the number of traffic fatalities and serious injuries is likely to increase.”

- Susan Herbal, PhD

Cambridge Systematics

slide33

Highway Crashes are Complex

  • Driver conditions and behavior
    • A contributing factor in 95 percent of crashes
    • Primary factor in 67 percent of crashes
  • Roadway design and environment
    • A contributing factor in 28 percent of crashes
    • Primary factor in 4 percent of crashes
  • Vehicle
    • A contributing factor in 8 percent of crashes
    • Primary factor in 4 percent of crashes
slide34

Engineering

Enforcement

Education

Highway Safety

Everyone Else

Emergency Response

…And So are the SolutionsThe “Five E’s” of Highway Safety

slide38

Iowa’s CHSP Will Be Data-Driven

What will really move the numbers?

slide39

Please note that these categories are not necessarily mutually exclusive. Typical yearly fatality totals for Iowa range from 400-450 deaths.

slide40

Top 8 Target Areas Iowa Recommended by CHSP Safety Summit Vote

  • Distracted Drivers
  • Young Drivers
  • Occupant Protection
  • Lane Departure
  • Older Persons Mobility
  • Impaired Driver
  • Intersections
  • Local Roads

April 26, 2006 - 100+ Summit AttendeesApril 27, 2006 - 60 SMS Attendees

slide42

“Charge” to the 8 Target Area Teams

The purpose is to “target”

strategies that will:

“Change the Culture”

and

“Move the Numbers”

slide43

“The plan must not only be evidence-based, but it must have sharp teeth.”

HALVING Roadway Fatalities, A Case Study from Victoria, Australia, 1989-2004

young driver safety legislative

Top 5 Policy Strategies

Young Driver SafetyLegislative

Strengthen MSL/GDL driver license laws with stronger provisions that are proven to reduce specific risks and save lives.

  • Raise the school license age
  • Increase practice hours with parents
  • Reduce night driving
  • Restrict passengers
  • Require occupant restraints in all seating positions
  • Prohibit cell phone use while operating a vehicle
occupant protection legislative

Top 5 Policy Strategies

Occupant ProtectionLegislative
  • Require proper occupant restraints in all seating positions to address at-risk demographic groups
    • Iowa’s front seatbelt law compliance rate for occupants is 90 percent.
    • Still, nearly 50 per­cent of people who die in Iowa crashes are not wearing safety belts.
    • Rear seating positions aren’t markedly safer
    • Frequently at-risk back seat riders include:
      • Children between car-seat age and driving age
      • Teen passengers
      • Older persons
motorcycle safety legislative

Top 5 Policy Strategies

Motorcycle SafetyLegislative
  • Restore a motorcycle helmet law.
    • Beginning operators
    • All operators
    • Iowa is one of just four states in thenation with no motorcycle safety law

Recent crash data:

    • Older riders are over-represented
    • 56 motorcycle fatalities 2006
    • 5 died over Labor Day weekend alone
other strategies
Other Strategies
  • Motorcycle Safety
    • Headlight modulators.
    • 05 alcohol limit
  • Distracted Driving
    • More research is underway
    • Technology may contribute to both the distractions and the solutions.
law enforcement legislative

Top 5 Policy Strategies

Law EnforcementLegislative
  • Provide adequate resources and staffing levels to support enforcement and adjudication of traffic safety laws

Officials estimate that:

  • Statewide, Iowa has lost about 500, or 10 percent, of the law enforcement workforce in recent years
traffic safety improvement program legislative

Top 5 Policy Strategies

Traffic Safety Improvement ProgramLegislative
  • Increase the Iowa Traffic Safety Improvement Program funding from one half of one percent (1/2 percent) to a full one percent (1 percent) of the state’s Road Use Tax Fund
    • Could include provisions to ensure adequate local project funding
    • Could include language to support CHSP goals
lane departure administrative

Top 8 Program Strategies

Lane DepartureAdministrative
  • Enhance Lane Departure-related design standards and policies:
    • Paved shoulders / shoulder rumble strips
    • Median cable barriers
    • Pavement markings and signs
    • Rumble “stripes”
safety corridors administrative

Top 8 Program Strategies

Safety Corridors Administrative
  • Identify “Safety Corridors” and use multi-discipline strategies to mitigate specific crash causes or conditions.
  • For example: Lane departure

SPEED IMPAIRED UNBELTED

unpaved roads administrative

Top 8 Program Strategies

Unpaved RoadsAdministrative
  • Lower speed limits on non-paved rural roads from 55 to 50 mph
    • 21 percent of SVROR fatal and severe injury crashes occur on unpaved public roads
    • More than 70 percent of unpaved-road, lane-departure crashes occur on low volume roads (<100 vehicles/day)
innovative intersection designs administrative

Top 8 Program Strategies

Innovative Intersection DesignsAdministrative
  • Promote innovative intersection designs, such as roundabouts, where appropriate
local multi discipline safety teams administrative
Support local multi-discipline safety teams (MDST’s) to help identify and resolve local crash causes and enhance local crash response practices

MDST’s use “Safety E’s” to help address local:

traffic planning

traffic management

incident management

Local Multi-Discipline Safety TeamsAdministrative

Top 8 Program Strategies

enhance data availability and use administrative

Top 8 Program Strategies

Enhance Data Availability and UseAdministrative
  • Enhance data availability and assistance to state and local safety programs for problem identification and evidence-based decisions.
  • Provide free periodic and on-demand local data analyses in user-friendly GIS* maps, charts and tables. Examples follow:
    • Law enforcement (speed and alcohol crash involvement
    • Engineering (roadway elements)
    • Planning (density and crash causes in an MPO or RPA)
    • Special areas (school routes, older driver areas)

*geographic information system map examples follow

older persons safe mobility administrative

Top 8 Program Strategies

Older Persons Safe MobilityAdministrative
  • Provide for a “single point-of-contact” among existing programs to help older people and their families navigate the resources available for changing safe mobility needs
  • Promote older person safe mobility awareness and tools for sustaining safe driving conditions for aging drivers from competent driver to assisted rider stages

1. Florida 2. Pennsylvania3. West Virginia4. North Dakota 5. Iowa

Percentage of residents 65+

multi discipline traffic safety education and training administrative

Top 8 Program Strategies

11thAnnual Office of Traffic and Safety

Engineering Forum

Multi-Discipline Traffic Safety Education and TrainingAdministrative
  • Engineering
  • Law Enforcement
  • Other “E’s” and local MDST teams
  • The Motoring Public
slide63

Iowa CHSP Goal Requirement

With administrative program changes:

  • Reduce fatalities from 445 to 425
  • 20 lives saved per year

With both administrative program and legislative policy changes:

  • Reduce fatalities from 445 to 400
  • 25 more lives saved per year
slide64

Comprehensive Highway Safety Plan Implementation

  • Continued partnering (Iowa Traffic Safety Alliance (former SMS), STRCC and others)
  • Focus on Implementation and Evaluation
  • Annual Reporting to FHWA

“What gets measured, gets done”

-Mike Laski, Iowa GTSB

slide65

IS

“The care of human life and happiness

…is the first and only objective of good government.”

-Thomas Jefferson

slide66

Iowa Comprehensive Highway

Safety Plan (CHSP)

Tom Welch

State Transportation Safety Engineer

Office of Traffic and SafetyIowa Department of Transportation

[email protected]

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