Do Now Grab an Old Textbook … open to – and read – page 39 “Buddhism” Answer the questions below Who was Buddha? Where did Buddhism begin ?. Buddhism. Born Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BC In northern India (today Nepal). Buddha. Life is full of suffering that we must escape
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Grab an Old Textbook… open to – and read – page 39 “Buddhism” Answer the questions below
Who was Buddha? Where did Buddhism begin?
Born Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BC
In northern India (today Nepal)
Life is full of suffering that we must escape
Desires are suffering
Meditation can help one reach their goal, become enlightened and reach…
Nirvana – the ultimate reality
Monks, these two extremes ought not to be encouraged by the recluse. What two? Sensual indulgence (overeating), which is low, vulgar, worldly, ignoble, (corrupt), and conducive (helpful) to harm; and self-mortification (fasting), which is painful, ignoble, and conducive to harm. The middle path, monks, avoiding the extremes, gives vision and knowledge and leads to calm, realization, enlightenment, and Nirvana. And what, monks, is that middle path? It is this Noble Eightfold Path, namely: right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration.
- The Buddha, speaking to his followers, c. 589 BC
Know the 4 Noble Truths
Follow the Middle Path – or Eightfold Path
Buddhism, which teaches people that they can escape the suffering of the world through the Buddha’s teachings, developed in India and spread to other parts of Asia and the world.
The Life of the Buddha
In addition to Hinduism, another of the world’s major religions developed in ancient India. That religion was Buddhism.
Gautama was determined to find way to end human suffering
Sat under tree, no teachers, no companions, determined not to arise until he found way
Stories say he meditated all night
Resolve tested by violent storms, earthly temptations
At daybreak, had been transformed, found enlightenment, became the Buddha, Enlightened One
Temple built where he meditated, Bodh Gaya, one of Buddhism’s most sacred places
The Life of the Buddha
How did Siddhartha Gautama become the Buddha?
Answer(s):meditated under a tree, determined not to arise until he found solution to human suffering; was enlightened and transformed
Four Noble Truths
The Teachings of Buddhism
The Buddha taught that those who followed Eightfold Path could attain nirvana – the ultimate reality
State of perfect peace in which soul freed from suffering forever
Those not attaining nirvana reborn to live through cycle of suffering again
Basic teachings of Eightfold Path, Middle Way—living in moderation, avoiding extremes of comfort, discomfort in search for nirvana
Samsara – cycle of reincarnation
Divisions of Buddhism
After the Buddha’s death, differing opinions arose concerning the correct teachings and practices of Buddhism. Eventually three main Buddhist traditions formed—Theravada, Mahayana, and Tibetan.
What are the fundamental teachings of Buddhism?
Answer(s): suffering comes from selfish desires; overcoming desire ends suffering; follow Eightfold Path to overcome desire
Buddhism in India
The Spread of Buddhism
Unlike Hinduism, which largely remained an Indian religion, Buddhism spread into other parts of the world. Today, more than 350 million people are Buddhists, most of them concentrated in Asia. Relatively few people in India are Buddhists today.
Ashoka also encouraged missionaries to carry the Buddha’s message to lands outside of India.
Korea and Japan
Leading Asian Religion
How did Buddhism spread through Asia?
Answer(s): through missionary work and trade
Budai ~ Buddhist Chinese monk circa 10th c. CE