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Energy. Energy is defined as the ability to do work. Work is defined as the transfer of energy. Chuck Evans Facilities Manager JFH-MS-ARF-FM. JFH-MS-ARF-FM. JFH-MS-ARF COL Donald M. Windham - CFMO. JFH-MS-ARF-FM COL Sam Massey – Facilities Supervisor

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Energy
Energy

Energy is defined as the ability to do work.

Work is defined as the transfer of energy

Chuck Evans

Facilities Manager

JFH-MS-ARF-FM


JFH-MS-ARF-FM

JFH-MS-ARF COL Donald M. Windham - CFMO

JFH-MS-ARF-FM COL Sam Massey – Facilities Supervisor

Chuck Evans [Manager (601)313-6366]

Danny Stegall [Fire Marshall (601)313-6366]

Keith Wallace [AT/FP Engineer (601)313-6590]

Angel Rigney [Utility Clerk (601)313-6331]

Ed Birmingham [Engineer Asst.]

AND



Why conservation
Why Conservation?

  • From the mid-1980s to September 2003, the inflation adjusted price of a barrel of crude oil on NYMEX was generally under $25/barrel. Then during 2003, the price rose above $30, reached $60 by August 11, 2005, and peaked at $147.30 in July 2008. Commentators attributed the price increases of this period to a confluence of factors, including reports from the United States Department of Energy and others showing a decline in petroleum reserves,[2] worries over peak oil,[3] Middle East tension, and oil price speculation.

  • U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to decline by 2.7 percent in 2009, triggering decreases in domestic energy consumption for all major fuels.  Economic recovery is projected to begin in 2010, with 2.2 percent year-over-year growth in GDP.  Accompanying the projected economic recovery should be a mild rebound in energy consumption for all the major fuels in 2010.

    United States Of America

  • Electricity generation in the U.S. depends primarily on fossil fuel (coal, oil and natural gas), fulfilling over 71% of our electricity needs. Another 20% of our electricity generation is from nuclear power. Increasing demand for electricity will likely increase electricity production using fossil fuels faster than that using nuclear power since any approval for a new nuclear power plant has to overcome huge technical and political hurdles.


Oil field forecasts
Oil Field Forecasts

Big Gushers: Projected output of world’s top oil fields, in million barrels of oil and natural gas liquids produced daily

Projected Oil Production Peak Year by Oil Expert

Source: Hirsch, Robert et al. February 2005. Peaking of World Oil Production: Impacts, Mitigation and Risk Management. Prepared for the US Dept of Energy

Source: Wood Mackenzie


  • Demonstrate leadership in smart energy management.

  • Save taxpayer dollars through energy cost savings.

  • Renew and rejuvenate MSARNG buildings and related infrastructure at minimal cost to agency (Increase energy efficiency).

  • Protect air quality and conserve water.

  • Contribute to the nation's energy and economic security (Reduce dependence on foreign oil).

  • Energy conservation goals (established by Congress and Executive Order 13423 for all Federal agencies)

    • Reduce energy consumption by 20% from 2003 to 2015 (EPAct)

    • Reduce energy consumption by 35% from 2003 to 2015 (EO)

    • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30% from 1990 to 2010 (EO)

  • DoD’s installation energy program IS the Federal Energy Program (we are 65% of the total) $2.3 billion/year; 250 trillion BTUs

  • JFH-MS-ARF-FM Energy Goals


    MSARNG Pamphlet 11-27

    The following energy conservation actions will be implemented by all units/activities of the MSARNG:

    1. Appoint and train Energy Councils as required.

    2. Appoint and train Building Energy Monitors for every building in the MSARNG.

    3. Immediately complete, implement, and comply with all No Cost checklist items in Annex A, MSARNG Pam 11-27.

    4. Complete and implement as many of the Low Cost and Medium/High Cost items in Annex A as available funding will allow.

    5. Complete and implement an Energy Management Plan.

    6. Report all violations or non-compliance through Chain-of-Command.


    Msarng utility costs
    MSARNG Utility Costs

    Energy TypeTotal Use (FY06) Total Cost Total Use (FY08)Total Cost

    Electric Total58,174,600 kWh $5,053,813 55,619,636 kWh$4,711,933

    Propane Total10,500 gals $ 27,786 16,047 gals $ 36,034

    Natural Gas Total161,623,700 ccf$1,413,254987,417 ccf$1,027,666

    Trash Total$572,417$ 743,966

    Water/Sewer Total90,000,045 gals$ 93,11022,274,650 gals$ 81,701

    Total Non-Armories $6,350,053 $5,556,066

    Total Armories $ 782,542 $1,045,233

    Grand Total$7,132,595$ 6,601,299

    Note: 31 different utility providers for Federal Facilities


    Building Energy Monitors

    Responsibilities:

    1. Complete checklist in Appendix A and Annex B of MSARNG Pam 11-27 and retain for Command Inspection with a copy forwarded to JFH-MS-ARF-FM.

    2. Inform building occupants of Energy Management Plan and monitor compliance with the plan.

    3. Set the building thermostat controls and operating hours.

    4. Forward copies of all utility bills to JFH-MS-ARF-FM monthly (mail, fax or e-mail).


    Energy Councils

    Comply with MSARNG Pam 11-27

    Establish reasonable goals and objectives –

    Be realistic, do not attempt to reduce energy consumption by 20% in the first three months.

    Assess Your Resources - What tools do you have available to reduce energy consumption? (full time staff, M-Day soldier awareness, posters, and publications).

    Record Your Efforts– Publish an Energy Conservation Plan.

    Identify how energy is being used and/or wasted.

    Identify energy conservation opportunities that reduce energy use and/or cost.


    Risk versus Return

    Most energy projects are very low risk.

    Many options have high returns for low initial investment cost (compact fluorescent and T-8 fluorescent).

    Capital projects have very long life (current and recent capital improvement projects at AVCRAD, CSJFTC, AASF-MEI, AASF-JAN and others pending).

    Energy Efficient Lighting Options

    Lighting accounts for approximately 25 percent of all electricity used in the MSARNG.


    Lighting – Savings Measures

    Turn off lights in unoccupied areas.

    Reduce lighting in daytime as you can.

    Reduce light levels in non-working areas such as hallways.

    Clean walls and windows and use light color paints on walls and ceilings if possible.

    Remove unneeded light bulbs (4 bulb fixtures-outside 2)

    Clean fixtures and covers.

    Replace incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent (saves $10.00 per year in electricity per bulb)

    Fluorescent lamps are much more efficient than incandescent bulbs and last 6 to 10 times longer. Although fluorescent and compact fluorescent lamps are more expensive than incandescent bulbs, they pay for themselves by saving energy over their lifetime.

    Scheduling – Turn lights off manually in areas that do not require continuous light; or install occupancy sensors.

    Replace T-12 with T-8 fluorescent bulbs and ballasts.

    Do not illuminate the building.

    Use task lighting rather than overhead lights as much as possible.


    Outdoor lighting tips
    Outdoor Lighting Tips

    • Many lights can be controlled with motion detectors, so they only turn on when they are needed. Use outdoor lights with a motion detector and photocell so they will automatically turn off during the day.

      (Philadelphia, Greenwood, Rolling Fork, Senatobia, Canton, Clinton, Houston, MS have all been retrofitted with motion controlled securtity lights)

    • Turn off architectural lighting (lighting up the facility).

    • Exterior lighting is one of the best places to use CFLs because of their long life.

    Other Electrical – Savings Measures

    Turn off all unnecessary equipment when not in use.

    Personal heaters will not be used (1500 watts).

    Have vendor remove light bulbs from all vending/snack machines. Turn off computer monitors, printers, transformers when not in use (power strip).


    Heating – Savings Measures

    ∙Close off unused areas and rooms. Have employees work in a single zone if possible. Lower heat settings whenever possible (no higher than 65 degrees).

    ∙Reduce heat to 55 Degrees during periods of non use such as nights and weekends (turn off if not freezing weather).

    ∙Make sure windows and doors are closed and properly sealed.

    ∙Do not heat the drill hall except on drill.

    ∙Replace air filters regularly.

    ∙Turn off all heaters when outside air temperature reaches 65 degrees.

    Cooling – Savings Measures

    Close off unused areas and rooms.

    Turn off AC after operating hours.

    Ensure doors and windows are closed and properly sealed.

    Replace air filters regularly.

    Zone employees if possible.

    Close blinds, drapes, or shades to prevent solar heating.

    Use personal fans and set thermostat to highest level possible for comfort (no lower than 75 degrees).


    Water – Savings Measures

    Repair leaking faucets, toilets and urinals.

    Inspect hot water heater semi-annually.

    Turn off hot water heaters when not required.

    Set hot water temperature to 105 degrees unless using for dish washing (140 degrees).

    Drain sediment from hot water tanks.

    Refrigeration – Savings Measures

    Defrost refrigerators and freezers regularly.

    Only use refrigerators for MSARNG food activities (unplug and open doors when not in use).

    Set controls as low as possible for preservation.

    Keep doors closed and replace gaskets as needed.

    Clean coils regularly.


    Building Envelope – Savings Measures

    Repair or replace broken windows or doors.

    Keep doors and windows closed.

    Install shades, curtains, or blinds on windows and doors.

    Replace weather stripping around windows and doors.

    Check insulation in ceilings and roofs.

    Paint walls with light, reflective colors.

    Monitor utility bills! Be familiar with what you are charged and how you are charged.


    Energy audits
    Energy Audits

    • We conduct energy audits as often as possible of facilities identified as large users.

      We are there to assist in reducing consumption; not to inspect.

      We identify methods of saving energy and advise the unit POC.

      We record energy data in the FM database and monitor results.

      Requests for audits can be forwarded to Chuck Evans or John Harnish.

    JFH-MS-ARF-FM Energy Training

    • JFH-MS-ARF-FM can provide training to units or commands if requested.

    • Training is similar to this with emphasis on individual actions to reduce energy consumption.

    • Can provide energy pamphlets and stickers as requested.

    • Use the web based energy training at:

      http://www.ngms.state.ms.us/cfmo/Energy_Training.ppt


    • In September 2005, the Mississippi Army National Guard, Facilities Management Office, in cooperation with the Department of Public Works, Camp Shelby, MS began a project to conserve energy and water at Camp Shelby. The project involved replacing 60 year old gas fired boilers with instantaneous gas fired water heaters, installing low-flow faucets, flush valves, urinals and shower heads, installing motion controlled safety and security lighting, and replacing inefficient incandescent lights with T-8 florescent lighting. This project involved approximately $2.85 million dollars and 83 latrine buildings, 58 dinning halls and/or day rooms and disposal of hazardous wastes.

    • The project was completed in August 2006 on time and within budget. This is one of many energy conservation projects completed in the past four years at Camp Shelby, MS through the efforts of the Facilities Management Office, Facilities Management Division (JFH-MS-ARF-FM), and Department of Public Works, Camp Shelby, MS. These include $4.3 million electrical distribution system improvements, $1,081,752 barracks improvements to include insulation, energy efficient HVAC installation, and electrical improvements, $21,000 lighting project replacing incandescent fixtures with T-12 fluorescent in the Troop Issue Subsistence Activity (TISA), $7 million water system improvements project to include a newwater tank, new deep well, treatment plant, and all new pipe system throughout the facility., and $45,000 lighting project at the MATES (Mobilization Equipment Storage) facility.


    • The Mississippi Army National Guard, Facilities Management Office, Facilities Management Division also has developed a comprehensive energy conservation training program that is available on our web site for use by commanders and soldiers at all levels. The FM Division also regularly conducts energy conservation training at administrative officer meetings and course for new commanders and first sergeants. All construction projects for new facilities and for maintenance and repair are reviewed at the 35% and 95% level by the division for energy conservation opportunities and energy efficient materials and equipment to include motion controlled lighting within the facility and security lighting as well as HVAC design, T-8 or T-12 and compact fluorescent usage, low flow fixtures for water and instantaneous water heaters.

    • What was the impact of the project? This project has dramatically decreased Camp Shelby gas and electric energy costs and substantially lowered water usage as well as waste water required to be treated. While the full potential of this project cannot be calculated as of this date due to the use of Camp Shelby as a mobilization station for the war on terror, the simple payback period has been calculated to be 4.5 years on water conservation and 7.8 years on energy conservation measures. Calculated potential savings of $426,483 per year were based on the price of energy and water conservation at the time of project development in March 2005. Since that time, Camp Shelby has seen rapid growth and use as a mobilization station and energy prices have escalated dramatically.


    The Difference is: Office, Facilities Management Division also has developed a comprehensive energy conservation training program that is available on our web site for use by commanders and soldiers at all levels. The FM Division also regularly conducts energy conservation training at administrative officer meetings and course for new commanders and first sergeants. All construction projects for new facilities and for maintenance and repair are reviewed at the 35% and 95% level by the division for energy conservation opportunities and energy efficient materials and equipment to include motion controlled lighting within the facility and security lighting as well as HVAC design, T-8 or T-12 and compact fluorescent usage, low flow fixtures for water and instantaneous water heaters.

    $

    If every unit or activity in the MSARNG would reduce energy consumption by 10%, the savings would equal over $660,000.00. That money could be used to repair armories or for utility infrastructure improvement projects to generate additional savings.

    Every full-time employee and/or soldier is an asset for potential savings.

    [email protected]

    [email protected]


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