The new kingdom 18 th 20 th dynasty 1550 1070 bce
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The New Kingdom 18 th -20 th Dynasty (1550-1070 BCE). Ancient Egyptian Time Frames. Early Dynastic Period (3100-2649 BCE) The Old Kingdom (2649-2150 BCE) The Age of the Pyramids The Middle Kingdom (1991-1700 BCE) Expansion of Boundaries The New Kingdom (1550-1070 BCE)

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The new kingdom 18 th 20 th dynasty 1550 1070 bce

The New Kingdom18th-20th Dynasty(1550-1070 BCE)


Ancient egyptian time frames
Ancient Egyptian Time Frames

  • Early Dynastic Period (3100-2649 BCE)

  • The Old Kingdom (2649-2150 BCE)

    • The Age of the Pyramids

  • The Middle Kingdom (1991-1700 BCE)

    • Expansion of Boundaries

  • The New Kingdom (1550-1070 BCE)

    • The Golden Age of Egypt

  • Late Dynastic Period (688-343 BCE)

  • Ptolemaic Period (332-30 BCE)


  • Akhenaton

    “Spirit of Aton”

    Hatshepsut

    “Foremost of Noble Ladies”

    Thutmosis III

    “Son of Thuth”

    Hat-SHEP-soot

    Thoot-MOH-sis

    Ah-ke-NA-ton

    TOOT-n-ka-mun

    RAM-seez

    Tutankhamun

    “Living Image of Amun”

    Ramses II

    “Ramses The Great”


    New kingdom egypt aka the egyptian empire
    New Kingdom Egypt (aka: The Egyptian Empire)

    • Ahmose founded the 18th dynasty & completed the expulsion of the Hyksos from Egypt

    • He used horse and chariot technology to expand Egypt’s territory

    • After securing Palestine and Syria, Egypt became a great empire at the height of its power

    Dagger of Ahmose

    (Royal Ontario Museum)


    Queen hatshepsut
    Queen Hatshepsut

    • ruled for her step son Thutmosis III

    • Re-established trade routes that had been disrupted during the Hyksos occupation

    • Constructed hundreds of building projects across Egypt

    The Pharaoh was considered to be the “son of Re” and male symbols were often associated with the Pharaoh


    Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple – an example of perfect symmetry that predates the Parthenon


    The king herself
    The King Herself

    • 1799: Napoleon’s expedition found Hatshepsut’s tomb in KV20.

    • 1903: Howard Carter discovered Hatshepsut’s sarcophagus in KV 20, but it was empty!

    • Egyptologists did not know whether her mummy had survived. Her son, had systematically chiselled off any remnants of her reign from temples , monuments, and obelisks

    • 2007: It was discovered that a mummy in KV60, previously thought insignificant, is likely Hatshepsut!

    • How did they figure it out?

      • A broken tooth from a canopic jar in her burial chamber containing Hatshepsut’s royal seal (and her embalmed liver & stomach) was discovered after a CT scan of the jar.

      • The tooth fit almost perfectly into the space of a missing molar in the mouth of the mummy.

    • Today she is enshrined in one of the two Royal Mummy Rooms at the Egyptian Museum, with plaques proclaiming her “Hatshepsut, The King Herself”, reunited at long last with her extended family of fellow New Kingdom Pharaohs


    Thutmosis iii
    Thutmosis III

    • Thutmosis III blotted out his stepmother’s name after a lengthy power struggle

    • His military campaigns into Syria & Nubia created the largest empire Egypt has ever seen.


    Obelisk of Tuthmosis III – in Istanbul

    Obelisk of Tuthmosis III – in Rome


    Obelisks
    Obelisks…

    • Placed in pairs at the entrance to temples

    • Symbolized the sun god Re

    • represented a ray of the “sundisk”


    There are 30 known ancient Egyptian obelisks known to have survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    • Egypt: 9

    • France: 1

    • Israel: 1

    • Italy: 11

    • Poland: 1

    • Turkey: 1

    • United Kingdom: 4

    • United States: 1

    Place de la Concorde – Paris, France


    Obelisk of Senusret I – in Cairo survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    Earliest known Obelisk

    12th dynasty

    Obelisk of Ramses II - Paris


    Tip of Hatshepsut’s fallen obelisk survived & they are dispersed around the world…


    The “Unfinished” Obelisk at Aswan survived & they are dispersed around the world…


    Akhenaton survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    “Spirit of Aton”

    Hatshepsut

    “Foremost of Noble Ladies”

    Thutmosis III

    “Son of Thuth”

    Hat-SHEP-soot

    Thoot-MOH-sis

    Ah-ke-NA-ton

    TOOT-n-ka-mun

    RAM-seez

    Tutankhamun

    “Living Image of Amun”

    Ramses II

    “Ramses The Great”


    Amenhotep iv akhenaton ah mun ho tep
    Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) survived & they are dispersed around the world…(“Ah-mun-HO-tep”)

    • Abandoned traditional Egyptian polytheism & focused his worship on Aton – the disk of the sun (the sun’s rays)

    • This is sometimes described as the first mono-theistic religion, but it did not deny the existence of other gods


    The capital city was moved to amarna
    The capital city was moved to Amarna survived & they are dispersed around the world…


    The Great Temple to Aton at Amarna survived & they are dispersed around the world…


    Akhenaton s wife nefertiti
    Akhenaton’s Wife: Nefertiti survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    • Made famous by her bust, which is the most widely copied works of Ancient Egypt.


    Akhenaton s son tutankhamun
    Akhenaton’s Son: Tutankhamun survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    • Manipulated by temple hierarchy to return to Thebes and reject his father’s reforms

    • Died at age 18 (mysteriously); buried in Valley of Kings

    • Restored worship of Amon Re in Thebes

    • Never really mentioned until his discovery in 1922


    Ramses ii
    Ramses II survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    • Ramses II led several campaigns to conquer Palestine and Syria

    • He had one of the longest reigns in history – 67 years in power and probably lived well into his eighties

    • Responsible for many colossal building projects, such as the Ramesseum (hismortuary temple), thehypostyle hall at Karnak, and the majestic temples of Abu Simbel

    • Many other buildings were simply adapted to make it seem as though he built them himself


    Abu Simbel survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    Hypostle Hall

    Ramesseum


    Battle of kadesh
    Battle of Kadesh survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    • He took on the Hittite army at a place called Kadesh in Syria

    • He claimed this battle to be a great victory, even though the Egyptian army only a narrowly escaped a heavy defeat

    • He had the battle depicted on the walls of many temples, including Abu Simbel and hypostle hall at Karnak


    Akhenaton survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    “Spirit of Aton”

    Hatshepsut

    “Foremost of Noble Ladies”

    Thutmosis III

    “Son of Thuth”

    Read pp. 63-67

    -develop 3-5 pointsindicating importantaccomplishmentsfor each Pharoah

    Tutankhamun

    “Living Image of Amun”

    Ramses II

    “Ramses The Great”


    Five pharaohs of the golden age
    Five Pharaohs of the Golden Age survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    • 1. Read pp. 63-67 and rank the five kings using a graph like the one below.

    • 2. For each king, explain why you placed him/her where you did on the graph. Develop at least 3 reasons for your decision.

    More

    Significant

    Less

    Significant

    Hatshepsut Tuthmosis III Akhenaton Tutankhamun Ramses II


    Engineering an empire egypt
    Engineering an Empire: Egypt survived & they are dispersed around the world…

    New Kingdom:

    • Hatshepsut(1473-1458 BCE)

    • Amenhotep IV(1352-1336 BCE)

    • Seti I(1294-1279 BCE)

    • Ramesses II(1279-1212 BCE)


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