Sensitization of general public for emotional and psycho social adjustment of pwds
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Sensitization of General Public for Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs. By Professor Dr. Muhammad Mahmood Hussain Awan Dean Faculty of Education AL-KHAIR UNIVERSITY . Contents . Sensitization of General Public Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs

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Sensitization of general public for emotional and psycho social adjustment of pwds

Sensitization of General Public for Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs

By

Professor Dr. Muhammad MahmoodHussain Awan

Dean Faculty of Education

AL-KHAIR UNIVERSITY


Contents

Contents

Sensitization of General Public

Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs

Characteristics of People who are Emotionally & Socially Healthy

Types of adjustment problems

Common emotional reactions to disability

Adjusting Strategies


Sensitization of general public

Sensitization of General Public

To increase recognition and awareness of the role General Public & Carers play in providing daily care and support to people with disability.


Emotional and psycho social adjustment of pwds

Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs

  • Relates to emotional & psychological development in, and interaction with,

    a social environment.

  • Psycho: refers to the mind and soul of a person. This involves internal aspects such as feelings, thoughts, beliefs, attitudes, and values.

  • Social : refers to a person’s external relationships and environment. This includes interactions with others, social attitudes, and values (culture)

    and social influences of family, peers, school, and community.

  • Psychosocial support: addresses the ongoing emotional, social, and

    spiritual concerns and needs of people living with disability, their partners,

    and their caregivers.


Characteristics of people who are emotionally socially healthy

Characteristics of People who are Emotionally & Socially Healthy

  • A sense of satisfaction & pleasure for respecting norms.

  • A zest for living and the ability to laugh and have fun.

  • The ability to deal with stress and bounce back from adversity.

  • A sense of meaning and purpose, in both their activities and their relationships.

  • The flexibility to learn new things and adapt to change.

  • A balance between work and play, rest and activity, etc.

  • The ability to build and maintain fulfilling relationships.

  • Self-confidence and high self-esteem.


Types of adjustment problems

Types of adjustment problems

  • Physical – being unable to cope with functional aspects of disability, loss of control of basic physical functions, pain, health changes

  • Social – difficulty with losing activities that give sense of pleasure & identity & achievement, finding new ones & coping with changed relationships with family, friends & sexual partners, loneliness & isolation

  • Occupational – difficulty revising educational & career plans or finding new job

  • Emotional – high levels of denial, anxiety, grief, depression, aggression against staff

  • Motivational – failure to comply with therapist- & self-management, loss of initiative Self-concept – inability to accept changed body image, self-esteem, levels of competence Existential/spiritual – Without sense of meaning & purpose disability can be an unbearable burden. When usual sources threatened or diminished “Why go on?” questions arise


Common emotional reactions to disability

Common emotional reactions to disability

  • Confusion, denial & disbelief

  • Anxiety, fear of losing control

  • Panic

  • Inadequacy & humiliation

  • Anger & frustration, resentment

  • Sadness & crying

  • Guilt

  • Helplessness, hopelessness & despair

  • Disorganisation

  • Fatigue & lethargy

  • Loss of interests

  • Withdrawal

  • Loneliness, isolation & abandonment


Adjusting strategies

Adjusting Strategies

  • The Person, well – handled, nurtured, and loved, develops trust and security and a basic optimism.

  • Give correct information about their disability, its prognosis & treatment. Can prevent or reduce significant anxiety, give direction & hope

  • Distancing – try to detach from stress

  • Positive focus – try to see the positives in their situation/find meaning e.g. personal growth

  • Seek out social support – have skills, access & receive encouragement to do so,

    connecting with family, friends, organisations can result in people living longer, adjusting more positively, improving health habits & use health services appropriately

  • Problem-solving focus on aspects of illness amenable to change .....but use emotion-focused coping techniques (e.g. calming strategies) for aspects that can’t be controlled

  • Use flexible coping strategies – “try to change the things I can & accept the things I can’t”


Adjusting strategies1

Adjusting Strategies

  • Open to ‘self-management’ view of illness that complements efforts of doctors, therapists, & carers

  • Determine appropriate setting of care

  • Involve family & friends where possible

  • Regular observation of the person is important

  • Active listening by staff

  • Encourage expression of feelings & active coping

  • Help with maintenance of health

  • Encourage person to talk

  • Social support

  • Psychiatric consultation if necessary

  • Ensure immediate safety


Strategies for sensitizing of public participation

Strategies for Sensitizing of Public Participation

Role Modeling

Dissemination of success stories

Arranging seminars, symposium, workshops

Promoting volunteer and Counseling services

Making part of content or curriculum/Public education

Religious & literary competitions

Recreational events and leisure time activities

Formation of positive image of PWDs

Promoting accessible physical environment

Creating a system of social support in the employment of people with disabilities

Improving coordination and trust.

Joint Ventures for employment

Advocacy through Media


Sensitization of general public for emotional and psycho social adjustment of pwds

Thanks


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