Sensitization of general public for emotional and psycho social adjustment of pwds
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Sensitization of General Public for Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs. By Professor Dr. Muhammad Mahmood Hussain Awan Dean Faculty of Education AL-KHAIR UNIVERSITY . Contents . Sensitization of General Public Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs

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Sensitization of General Public for Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs

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Sensitization of General Public for Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs

By

Professor Dr. Muhammad MahmoodHussain Awan

Dean Faculty of Education

AL-KHAIR UNIVERSITY


Contents

Sensitization of General Public

Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs

Characteristics of People who are Emotionally & Socially Healthy

Types of adjustment problems

Common emotional reactions to disability

Adjusting Strategies


Sensitization of General Public

To increase recognition and awareness of the role General Public & Carers play in providing daily care and support to people with disability.


Emotional and Psycho-social Adjustment of PWDs

  • Relates to emotional & psychological development in, and interaction with,

    a social environment.

  • Psycho: refers to the mind and soul of a person. This involves internal aspects such as feelings, thoughts, beliefs, attitudes, and values.

  • Social : refers to a person’s external relationships and environment. This includes interactions with others, social attitudes, and values (culture)

    and social influences of family, peers, school, and community.

  • Psychosocial support: addresses the ongoing emotional, social, and

    spiritual concerns and needs of people living with disability, their partners,

    and their caregivers.


Characteristics of People who are Emotionally & Socially Healthy

  • A sense of satisfaction & pleasure for respecting norms.

  • A zest for living and the ability to laugh and have fun.

  • The ability to deal with stress and bounce back from adversity.

  • A sense of meaning and purpose, in both their activities and their relationships.

  • The flexibility to learn new things and adapt to change.

  • A balance between work and play, rest and activity, etc.

  • The ability to build and maintain fulfilling relationships.

  • Self-confidence and high self-esteem.


Types of adjustment problems

  • Physical – being unable to cope with functional aspects of disability, loss of control of basic physical functions, pain, health changes

  • Social – difficulty with losing activities that give sense of pleasure & identity & achievement, finding new ones & coping with changed relationships with family, friends & sexual partners, loneliness & isolation

  • Occupational – difficulty revising educational & career plans or finding new job

  • Emotional – high levels of denial, anxiety, grief, depression, aggression against staff

  • Motivational – failure to comply with therapist- & self-management, loss of initiative Self-concept – inability to accept changed body image, self-esteem, levels of competence Existential/spiritual – Without sense of meaning & purpose disability can be an unbearable burden. When usual sources threatened or diminished “Why go on?” questions arise


Common emotional reactions to disability

  • Confusion, denial & disbelief

  • Anxiety, fear of losing control

  • Panic

  • Inadequacy & humiliation

  • Anger & frustration, resentment

  • Sadness & crying

  • Guilt

  • Helplessness, hopelessness & despair

  • Disorganisation

  • Fatigue & lethargy

  • Loss of interests

  • Withdrawal

  • Loneliness, isolation & abandonment


Adjusting Strategies

  • The Person, well – handled, nurtured, and loved, develops trust and security and a basic optimism.

  • Give correct information about their disability, its prognosis & treatment. Can prevent or reduce significant anxiety, give direction & hope

  • Distancing – try to detach from stress

  • Positive focus – try to see the positives in their situation/find meaning e.g. personal growth

  • Seek out social support – have skills, access & receive encouragement to do so,

    connecting with family, friends, organisations can result in people living longer, adjusting more positively, improving health habits & use health services appropriately

  • Problem-solving focus on aspects of illness amenable to change .....but use emotion-focused coping techniques (e.g. calming strategies) for aspects that can’t be controlled

  • Use flexible coping strategies – “try to change the things I can & accept the things I can’t”


Adjusting Strategies

  • Open to ‘self-management’ view of illness that complements efforts of doctors, therapists, & carers

  • Determine appropriate setting of care

  • Involve family & friends where possible

  • Regular observation of the person is important

  • Active listening by staff

  • Encourage expression of feelings & active coping

  • Help with maintenance of health

  • Encourage person to talk

  • Social support

  • Psychiatric consultation if necessary

  • Ensure immediate safety


Strategies for Sensitizing of Public Participation

Role Modeling

Dissemination of success stories

Arranging seminars, symposium, workshops

Promoting volunteer and Counseling services

Making part of content or curriculum/Public education

Religious & literary competitions

Recreational events and leisure time activities

Formation of positive image of PWDs

Promoting accessible physical environment

Creating a system of social support in the employment of people with disabilities

Improving coordination and trust.

Joint Ventures for employment

Advocacy through Media


Thanks


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