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Information Society Indicators. From policy making to indicators: Monitoring progress, measuring output, and assessing impact. National ICT policies. The purpose of a national ICT policy is to create an environment in which: Economic and social benefits may be achieved

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information society indicators

Information Society Indicators

From policy making to indicators: Monitoring progress, measuring output, and assessing impact

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

national ict policies
National ICT policies
  • The purpose of a national ICT policy is to create an environment in which:
    • Economic and social benefits may be achieved
    • Utilization of resources may be optimized
    • Domestic technological capabilities may be built or enhanced
    • Decisions can be taken rationally

Impact

Strategy

Objective

Mechanism

Source: M. Odedra & S. Madon, Information Technology Policies and Applications .., The Commonwealth Secretariat 1993.

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

outline
National ICT policies

Evidence-based policy making

PC for Every Home

Buzz Words

Operational Details

ًWhat to do!!! How to go about it???

The way to go is ..

National Statistics Offices

Statistics

Statistics Collection

CAPMAS

2006 Census

Indicators

Information Society Modeling

Outline

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

evidence based policy making
Evidence-based policy making
  • Due to overwhelming accumulated evidence the Egyptian Government has enacted a policy that aims at increasing the proportion of households with a computer.

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

pc for every home
PC for Every Home
  • The policy initiative offers locally assembled quality PCs to citizens, to be paid for in affordable installments that are secured by their fixed line telephones.

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

slide6
The policy could possibly:
    • Focus on, or emphasize, gender, certain age groups, income categories, and/or geographic distribution
    • Be connected to other development goals and/or policy initiatives:
      • Development of the local computer manufacturing and services industries
      • The “Free Internet” initiative

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

operational details
Operational details
  • The Egyptian government has chosen to act as a facilitator.

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

buzz words
Evidence

Studies

Data

Conjectured

Impact

Socioeconomic benefits

Objectives

Outputs

Mechanism

Implementation

Buzz Words

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

what to do how to go about it
What to do!!! How to go about it???
  • Verify the evidence
    • Establish a true picture of the current status as relates to the evidence and the objectives of the policy initiative:
      • The proportion/distribution of households with computer with respect to gender, age, income, and/or geographic distribution
      • Volume and prices of locally manufactured PCs
      • Others

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

slide10
More..
  • Monitor the progress of implementation
    • Track the volume of PCs sold
    • Track the proportion/distribution of households buying PCs
    • Monitor the average price of PCs sold compared to the average household income
    • Others

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

slide11
More..
  • Measure the output
    • Direct output
      • The volume of locally manufactured PCs sold through POSs
    • Indirect output
      • The difference in PCs sold by other manufacturers in the same price range as those above
      • The difference in PCs sold by all manufacturers in other price ranges
      • Others

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

slide12
More..
  • Asses the impact
    • Economic growth
      • Value added
      • Employment/job creation
      • Enhanced and more effective workforce
    • Societal benefits
      • Empowerment of women
      • Enlightened population
      • Rural development

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

the way to go is
The way to go is

STATISTICS

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

national statistical offices
National Statistical Offices
  • NSOs are responsible for collecting national data
  • National data provide a picture of a country’s internal economic and social status that is essential for policy makers

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

statistics collection
Statistics collection
  • National censuses
  • Surveys
  • Administrative registries

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

capmas
CAPMAS
  • The Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics [CAPMAS] is the National Statistical Office in Egypt

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

general census on population housing and establishment 2006
General Census on Population, Housing, and Establishment – 2006
  • CAPMAS is set to collect information society statistics in its coming census, including a measure of the proportion of households with computers

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

slide18

الأجهزة المنزلية / المستخدمين (بالعـدد)

حاسـب شخصي

2

تليفزيـون

1

خط تليفون ثـابت

1

راديـــو

4

مستخدم التليفون المحمول

2

مستخدم الإنترنت العـادي

3

مستخدم الإنترنت عريـض الحزمة

استمارة الأسـرة والظروف السكنية

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

slide19
CAPMAS will provide policy makers with the following:
    • Snap Shot of the current status
    • Sample frames for future surveys
    • Indicators that may be used for policy adjustment and measuring some outputs
    • Other related indicators

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

indicators
Indicators
  • Indicators are based upon the idea that statistical data provides evidence for evaluation of current policies and future policymaking. This way, their effectiveness lies in the way they support the policymaking process, both by providing impulse for, and evaluation of, policies.

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

slide21
More..
  • Indicators must be judiciously relevant, well thought of, and cleverly constructed:
    • Be relevant to the characteristics or policy objective
    • Allow for measurement of important characteristics or real policy objectives directly, or indirectly through an adequate proxy
    • Be straightforward to interpret temporal changes observed with regard to the essential dimensions of the specified characteristics or policy objective. Inversely, unambiguous and significant changes of any indicator values over time should be meaningful in terms of the considered characteristic or policy objective

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

slide22
More..
  • Indicators must also exhibit certain statistical characteristics, the same characteristics sought while collecting statistics:
    • Conform to international standards, if they exist, or, otherwise, be simplified alternatives to internationally agreed-upon indicators, so countries with less well-developed statistical capacity can still carry out the required measurements
    • Exhibit temporal change that would support monitoring
    • Be robust to systemic and cultural differences between countries over time
    • Have sufficient coverage to ensure that the indicator values are unlikely to mislead policy makers or uses in case they do not fully cover the target population

“Measuring and Monitoring the Information and Knowledge Societies: a Statistical Challenge,” UNESCO Institute of Statistics [UIS], 2003.

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

make no mistake
Make no mistake

x

POLICY 

INDICATORS

x

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

slide24
Thank you for listening

Hesham A. Auda, ESCWA

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