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Modulo 4. Transversalización de la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres. Session Structure: Mainstreaming Components. Discussion : What is mainstreaming? What are the key areas/ entry points? What are components of the mainstreaming DRR process? Examples/ case studies Exercise:

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Modulo 4

Modulo 4

Transversalización de la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres


Session structure mainstreaming components

Session Structure: Mainstreaming Components

Discussion:

  • What is mainstreaming?

  • What are the key areas/ entry points?

  • What are components of the mainstreaming DRR process?

  • Examples/ case studies

    Exercise:

  • Planning a mainstreaming DRR strategy


Mainstreaming

Mainstreaming…

????


Mainstreaming1

Mainstreaming…

Main stream?

Side stream?


Mainstreaming2

Mainstreaming…

????


Mainstreaming drr is

a dynamicprocess with a dual purpose:

ensuring development is protected through DRR elements

b) ensuring that development does not increase people's vulnerability to disasters

Mainstreaming DRR Is…


Mainstreaming drr is1

2. assessing the implications of disaster risk on any planned development action…

…in all thematic practice areas and sectors

… at all levels;

… as an integral dimension of the design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes

Mainstreaming DRR Is…


Mainstreaming who and where

Mainstreaming: WHO And WHERE

  • Development and

  • Humanitarian Agency

  • Policies

  • Procedures

  • Organisational Culture

  • Financial commitment

  • Donor coordination

  • National, Sub-national and local Govt.

  • Institutions

  • Policies

  • Expenditure

  • Programs

Agency

Country

Programmes

  • Civil Society

  • NGOs

  • Socio-cultural

  • environment


Unpacking the process of mainstreaming

Unpacking The Process Of Mainstreaming…

Overarching areas? Strategic entry points?

?

?

?

?


Unpacking the process of mainstreaming1

National

Local

National

Local

Unpacking The Process Of Mainstreaming


Lost in translation

Lost In Translation???


Policy sphere

National

Local

National

Local

Policy Sphere

Legislation &

regulations

Resource

mobilisation &

allocation

Strategies

policies

& planning

POLICY

Political

commitment &

leadership

ORGANISATION

Question: are commitments to risk reduction in development plans reflected in budget allocations?

What legislation/ regulations are in place?

ADVOCACY &

KNOWLEDGE

IMPLEMENTATION

CITIZENS


Policy sphere some cases

National

Local

National

Local

Policy Sphere: Some Cases

INDONESIA

  • DM law

BUTHAN

PHILIPPINES

  • DRR in sub-national development and physical land use plans


Organisation sphere

National

Local

National

Local

Organisation Sphere

Question: Do departments have appointed a focal point for DRR?

Do these focal points have a clear understanding of DRR?

Are there internal procedures to check DRR in development projects?

Location of

responsibility

Coordination

&

partnerships

Capacity

development

ORGANISATION

Internal

procedures &

incentives

POLICY

ADVOCACY &

KNOWLEDGE

CITIZENS

IMPLEMENTATION


Organisation sphere some cases

National

Local

National

Local

Organisation Sphere: Some Cases

INDIA

BANGLADESH

GUATEMALA


Awareness and knowledge sphere

National

Local

National

Local

Awareness And Knowledge Sphere

Main question: Are DRR awareness session part of professional trainings courses of civil servants, engineers, health workers?

Public awareness campaign on culture of safety?

POLICY

ORGANISATION

Methods &

analytical

tools

ADVOCACY &

KNOWLEDGE

Awareness-

raising

Research &

education

Promotion of

good practice

CITIZENS

IMPLEMENTATION


Advocacy and knowledge sphere

National

Local

National

Local

Advocacy And Knowledge Sphere

INDONESIA

Yogyakarta reconstruction

INDIA

  • School curriculum

  • Study tour for officials

PAKISTAN

DRR in curriculum of civil servant academies


Jargon check point

Jargon Check-point….

Advocacy

Explain to the “little kid next door” how the work you do helps to protect the new cinema hall from an earthquake


Implementation sphere

National

Local

National

Local

Implementation Sphere

Question: Are hazard and risk assessments carried out before construction of infrastructure?

Are regulations for DRR enforced?

ORGANISATION

POLICY

ADVOCACY &

KNOWLEDGE

CITIZENS

Risk-proofing investments

Pilot

projects

Compliance & enforcement

IMPLEMENTATION

Monitoring & evaluation


Implementation sphere1

National

Local

National

Local

Implementation Sphere

INDIA

Risk proofing the construction of the Delhi Metro

Bangladesh

Enforcement of building codes


Citizen sphere

National

Local

National

Local

Citizen Sphere

ORGANISATION

POLICY

ADVOCACY &

KNOWLEDGE

IMPLEMENTATION

Accountable

political

structures

Question: Are decentralised political structures accountable on risk reduction issues?

Do local civil society groups and communities participate in development planning?

Pressure of

constituencies

Participation

of communities

CITIZENS

Representative

civil society


Citizen sphere some cases

National

Local

National

Local

Citizen Sphere: Some Cases

Community Risk Assessments and Risk Reduction Action Plans in partnership with representatives of vulnerable groups

BANGLADESH

INDIA

Decentralisation and capacity of local structures

GUATEMALA

Community pressure in site collection for housing project


Unpacking the process of mainstreaming2

Unpacking The Process Of Mainstreaming

Location of

responsibility

Legislation &

regulations

Coordination

&

partnerships

Capacity

development

Resource

mobilisation &

allocation

Strategies

policies,

& planning

ORGANISATION

POLICY

Internal

procedures &

incentives

Political

commitment &

leadership

Methods &

analytical

tools

ADVOCACY &

KNOWLEDGE

Awareness-

raising

Research &

education

Promotion of

good practice

Accountable

political

structures

Risk-proofing investments

Pressure of

constituencies

Participation

of communities

Pilot

projects

Compliance & enforcement

IMPLEMENTATION

CITIZENS

Representative

civil society

Monitoring & evaluation


Modulo 4

Location of

responsibility

Legislation &

regulations

Coordination

&

partnerships

Capacity

development

Resource

mobilisation &

allocation

Strategies

policies,

& planning

ORGANISATION

POLICY

Political

commitment &

leadership

Internal

procedures &

incentives

Methods &

analytical

tools

ADVOCACY &

KNOWLEDGE

Awareness-

raising

Research &

education

Promotion of

good practice

Accountable

political

structures

Risk-proofing investments

Pressure of

constituencies

Participation

of communities

Pilot

projects

Compliance & enforcement

IMPLEMENTATION

CITIZENS

Representative

civil society

Monitoring & evaluation


The framework is context sensitive

The Framework Is Context-sensitive

Disaster

Conflict

Institutional

Econ. Pressure


The mainstreaming framework

Is a tool for operationalising the HOW TO mainstream;

Is a tool for stock-taking / mapping;

Is a tool for advocacy;

Is a framework for planning;

Is a tool for identification of priority areas and strategies for intervention (entry points)

The Mainstreaming Framework


Key points mainstreaming components

Key Points: Mainstreaming Components

  • Mainstreaming DRR is a process:

    • non-hierarchical, not static

    • many entry points and linkages

    • context specific

  • A framework can help structure components of a mainstreaming strategy

  • Components can provide milestones/ checklist

  • Examples/ case studies


Exercise entry points for drr mainstreaming

Exercise: Entry Points For DRR Mainstreaming

Special Note:

  • Get a handout from the group facilitator – this person should be the one most familiar with the case study in the handout

  • People with expertise in the sphere area you are allocated to: please act as resource people

    Groups:

  • NTT - Policy:Replace this text with participant names

  • Palu City – Organisation: Replace this text with participant names

  • Bengkulu – Awareness: Replace this text with participant names

  • Jakarta - Citizens: Replace this text with participant names


Exercise entry points for drr mainstreaming1

Exercise: Entry Points For DRR Mainstreaming

INSTRUCTIONS:

  • Read through the excerpt of the baseline assessment for the province/city assigned to you.

  • Develop strategic interventions required to mainstream DRR,

    • utilising the sphere assigned to you as an entry point

    • then draw connections to the other spheres to support it.

  • Prepare a 5 minute brief to present your strategy to the other groups

    Time: 30 min for group work


Key points mainstreaming components sessions

Key Points: Mainstreaming Components Sessions

  • Baseline information on DRR provides entry points & priorities for DRR

  • Mainstreaming framework can guide stocktaking and planning

  • Understanding linkages between the components of the spheres and how they support (or hinder) each other can help


Modulo 4

Obrigada!


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