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Objective 2.01 Discuss medical treatments and beliefs from ancient civilizations through the Renaissance. 4000 BC – 3000 BC Primitive times. Illness and diseases were a punishment from the Gods Tribal witch doctors treated illness with ceremonies

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Objective 2.01Discuss medical treatments and beliefs from ancient civilizations through the Renaissance.


4000 bc 3000 bc primitive times
4000 BC – 3000 BCPrimitive times

  • Illness and diseases were a punishment from the Gods

  • Tribal witch doctors treated illness with ceremonies

  • Herbs and plants used as medicines (morphine and digitalis)

  • Trepanation or trephining


3000 bc 300 bc ancient egyptians
3000 BC – 300 BCAncient Egyptians

  • Physicians were priests

  • Bloodletting or leeches used as medical treatment


1700 bc ad 220 ancient chinese
1700 BC – AD 220Ancient Chinese

  • Used therapies such as acupuncture

  • Believed to cure the body you must nourish the spirit.


1200 bc 200 bc ancient greeks
1200 BC –200 BC Ancient Greeks

  • First to observe the human body and the effects of disease – led to modern medical sciences.

  • Believed illness is a result of natural causes

  • Used therapies such as massage, art therapy, and herbal treatment


753 bc ad 410 ancient romans
753 BC – AD 410 Ancient Romans

  • Established first hospital (caring for soldiers in their homes)

  • First public health and sanitation systems by building sewers and aqueducts


Ad 400 ad 800 dark ages
AD 400 – AD 800 Dark Ages

  • Began after the fall of the Roman Empire

  • Emphasis on saving the soul and study of medicine was prohibited

  • Monks and priests treated patients with prayer


Ad 800 ad 1400 middle ages
AD 800 – AD 1400 Middle Ages

  • Renewed interest in medical practices of Greek and Romans

  • Bubonic Plague killed 75% of population in Europe and Asia


Ad 1350 ad 1650 renaissance
AD 1350 – AD 1650 Renaissance

  • Dissection of body led to increased understanding of anatomy and physiology

  • Invention of printing press allowed medical knowledge to be shared


References
References

  • NCDPI Curriculum

  • Health Science Career Exploration - Simmers


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