Internet and its technology
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INTERNET AND ITS TECHNOLOGY. HISTORY OF INTERNET

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INTERNET AND ITS TECHNOLOGY

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Internet and its technology

INTERNET AND ITS TECHNOLOGY

HISTORY OF INTERNET

Internet had birth in early 1960s when at RAND Corporation. Later MIS(masschuetsinstitute of technology) started first networking experiments in 1965. later in 1968 Department of Defence of united states, Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) came up with the proposal to develop ARPANET, the first Network, ARPA transformed into NSFNET(National science foundation NET) in 1990s.


Definition of internet

Definition of internet

Internet can be defined as international network, of computers i.e., it is that network which connects the computers all over the globe across International Territories.

One can even define internet as a network of networks i.e.. It can be taken as a network which connects networks across the world.


Services provided by internet

Services provided by Internet

  • Electronic Mail (e-mail)

  • World Wide Web

  • Telnet

  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

  • Internet Telephone


Electronic mail e mail

Electronic Mail (e-mail)

  • Distributes e-mail messages and attached files to one or more electronic mailboxes.

  • Eg:- e-mail addresses

    [email protected]

    [email protected]


Different e mail service providers

Different e-mail service providers

G-Mail

Yahoo Mail

Hot Mail


File transfer protocol ftp

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

This protocol is used for transfer of files between computers. This protocol is very powerful tool for transfer of files.


Telnet

Telnet

This protocol is which is used to connect to another computer. This process is called remote login. The computer which makes the call for connection is known as local computer and the computer which accepts the connection is known as remote computer or hosts.


Web browser

Web Browser

for retrieving the data from the internet, users require an interface, which links the computer and the human being, where user can give his request and interact with other computers.

For this purpose we use a special software which popularly known as Browser, which acts as an interface for the internet.


Internet and its technology

  • A client software which is used to render web pages.

    Internet Explorer

    Mozilla Firefox

    Windows Chrome

    Netscape Navigator

    Mosaic


What is web page

What is web page?

  • Web page : Single disk file with a single file name.

  • Home page : First page of a website

  • Web site: A collection of one or more web pages


What is web server

What is Web Server?

  • A system on the internet containing one or more web sites.

  • It a software which enabling Internet services.

    Personal Web Server (PWS)

    Internet Information Server (IIS)

    Apache Server

    Tomcat Server


  • Login