Pronoun antecedent agreement
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Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement. What do you need to understand about pronoun-antecedent agreement errors? • What’s a pronoun? • What’s an antecedent? • What’s a pronoun-antecedent agreement error?. What’s a Pronoun?. A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun or other pronoun

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Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

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Pronoun antecedent agreement

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

What do you need to understand about pronoun-antecedent agreement errors?

•What’s a pronoun?

•What’s an antecedent?

•What’s a pronoun-antecedent agreement error?


What s a pronoun

What’s a Pronoun?

A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun or other pronoun

  • It can take the place of a subject word

    (I, you, he, she, it, we, they)

  • It can take the place of an object word

    (me, you, him, her, it, us, them)

  • It can take the place of a possessive word

    (my, mine, your, yours, his, hers, its, our, ours, their, theirs)


What s an antecedent

What’s an Antecedent?

The word that the pronoun replaces.

  • Hermione Granger threw her wand onto the floor

    (“her” renames Hermione Granger‖).

  • When Ron Weasley saw the wand drop, he pickedit up and handed it to her.

    (“it” renames the wand)

  • Then Ron and Hermione went to their Defense Against the Dark Arts class.

    (“their” renames Ron and Hermione)


Pronouns must agree with their antecedent in three areas

Pronouns must agree with their antecedent in three areas:

  • Person

    2) Number

    3) Gender


Person

Person

Here’s a sentence in which the pronoun and the antecedent do not agree in person:

If a person wants to succeed at playing baseball, you must practice routinely.

Notice the pronoun “you” is 2nd person, but the antecedent “person” is 3rd person.


How can we fix this

How Can We Fix This?

There’s a couple of ways this sentence could be corrected.

You could make both the pronoun and the antecedent 2nd person:

“If you want to succeed at playing baseball, you must practice routinely.”

You could also change the pronoun to 3rd person:

“If a person wants to succeed at playing baseball, he must practice routinely.”


Number

Number

Here’s a sentence in which the pronoun and antecedent do not agree in number:

An employee should always agree with their boss.

Notice the pronoun “their” is plural, but the antecedent “employee” is singular.


How can we fix this1

How Can We Fix This?

There’s a couple of ways this sentence could be corrected.

You could make the pronoun singular:

“An employee should always agree with his boss.”

You could also make the antecedent plural:

“Employees should always agree with their boss.”


Gender

Gender

Here’s a sentence in which the pronoun and antecedent do not agree in gender:

As John stepped down from the train, shelost her footing and stumbled to the ground.

Notice the pronouns “she” and “her” are both feminine, while the antecedent “John” is masculine.


How can we fix this2

How Can We Fix This?

There’s a couple of ways this sentence could be corrected.

You could make the pronouns masculine:

“As John stepped down from the train, he lost his footing and stumbled to the ground.”

You could also make the antecedent feminine.

“As Mary stepped down from the train, she lost her footing and stumbled to the ground.


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