introduction to human geography
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Introduction to Human Geography. Maps. Key Question:. Why do Geographers use Maps, and What do Maps Tell Us? . Map Appendix A Notes. Maps and their functions Map Scale Map Projections The Grid system Symbols on Maps. What are Maps and what are their functions. What can maps be used for?

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map appendix a notes
Map Appendix A Notes
  • Maps and their functions
  • Map Scale
  • Map Projections
  • The Grid system
  • Symbols on Maps
what are maps and what are their functions
What are Maps and what are their functions
  • What can maps be used for?
  • In what ways do maps distort?...Why?
  • How do maps show bias?
two types of maps
Reference Maps

Show locations of places and geographic features

Absolute locations

What are reference maps used for?

Thematic Maps

Tell a story about the degree of an attribute, the pattern of its distribution, or its movement.

Relative locations

What are thematic maps used for?

Two Types of Maps:



What story about the population of Korea in 1973 is this map telling?

maps and their functions
Maps and their functions
  • Cartography = The art of map making
  • Reference Map = that used for navigating… ie. Road Map
  • Thematic Map: One used to illustrate a particular them
  • Mental Maps: Those that exist in one’s mind (Cognitive maps)
  • Topographic Maps… use lines to show contour.
map scale
Map Scale
  • Is the ratio between actual distance on the ground and the length given on the map
    • Which scale would show a smaller portion of the earth, 1/1,000,000… or 1/1,000,000?
  • Larger scale = more zoomed in
  • Why are different scales needed in mapping the world?
the grid system
The Grid System
  • What function does the Grid System Serve?
  • What are the key aspects of the Grid system?
grid stuff to know
Grid stuff to know…
  • Parallel
  • Latitude
  • Equator (0º N. or S.)
  • Tropic of Cancer (N)
  • Tropic of Capricorn (S)… 23.5º
  • Arctic Circle
  • 0º - 90º N or S
  • Meridian
  • Longitude
  • Prime Meridian 0º E or W
  • International date line 180º E or W
map projections
Map Projections
  • Why are there different map projections?
  • Which ones do I need to know?
    • Azimuthal
    • Peters
    • Fuller / Dymaxion
    • Robinson
    • Mercator
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses?
  • For what are they most commonly used?
map symbols
Map Symbols
  • Dots
  • Tones/shades/colors
  • Isolines
  • Symbols
Mental Maps:

maps we carry in our minds of places we have been and places we have heard of.

can see: terra incognita, landmarks, paths,

and accessibility

Activity Spaces:

the places we travel to routinely in our rounds of daily activity.

How are activity spaces and mental maps related?

aspects of a mental map
Aspects of a Mental Map
  • Nodes
  • Edges
  • Paths
  • Districts
  • Landmarks
discussion questions
Discussion Questions
  • List as many type of maps and purposes for maps as you can.