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Improving Testing in a Juvenile Detention Facility…a Success Story. Beth Butler Infertility Prevention Project Coordinator STD Program Pennsylvania Department of Health. Acknowledgements. Without the efforts of the following individuals this project would not have been so successful:

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Improving Testing in a Juvenile Detention Facility…a Success Story

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Improving testing in a juvenile detention facility a success story l.jpg

Improving Testing in a Juvenile Detention Facility…a Success Story

Beth Butler

Infertility Prevention Project Coordinator

STD Program

Pennsylvania Department of Health


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Acknowledgements

Without the efforts of the following individuals this project would not have been so successful:

  • Therese Defazio, Shuman Juvenile Detention Center

  • Tera Matson, Shuman Juvenile Detention Center

  • Linda Schombert, Allegheny County Health Department

  • Nancy Fenton, Allegheny County Health Department

  • Judy Schumacher, Allegheny County Health Department

  • Dr. Harold Wiesenfeld, Allegheny County Health Department

  • Stephen Kowalewski, PA Department of Health


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Juvenile Justice System in Pennsylvania

  • There are 22 facilities in 23 counties in Pennsylvania, exclusive of Philadelphia.

  • There are 598 spaces available in Pennsylvania for youths to be served in juvenile detention.

  • Approximately 17% of the approximately 37,000 juvenile cases in Pennsylvania are female.

  • Post Juvenile Detention: Thereare 3 youth development centers and 2 youth forestry camps run by the state’s Department of Public Welfare Office of Children and Youth Services. These facilities are long term and house the young people after youth detention.


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Juvenile Detention Standards in PA

  • 42 Pa.C.S. §6301 et seq. Standards Governing the use of Secure Detention under the Juvenile Act provides programs of supervision, care, and rehabilitation which are consistent with the protection of the community, based on the offenses committed, and enable the children to become responsible citizens.

  • Juvenile Detention Program Standards establish minimum standards for youth who are placed in detention: an initial health screen is to be completed within one hour of admission and a complete medical examination (STD screening is listed at component) within 48 hours of admission.


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Northwest

North Central

Northeast

Erie

Susquehanna

Warren

McKean

Bradford

Tioga

Potter

Crawford

Wayne

Forest

Wyoming

Lackawanna

Sullivan

Cameron

Venango

Pike

Mercer

Lycoming

Elk

Clinton

Clarion

Luzerne

Jefferson

Monroe

Columbia

Montour

Lawrence

Clearfield

Union

Centre

Carbon

Butler

Northumberland

Armstrong

Northampton

Snyder

Schuylkill

Beaver

Indiana

Lehigh

Mifflin

Juniata

Cambria

Allegheny

Blair

Berks

Dauphin

Perry

Lebanon

Bucks

Westmoreland

Huntingdon

Washington

Montgomery

Cumberland

Lancaster

Philadelphia

Chester

Bedford

Somerset

Delaware

Fayette

Franklin

York

Fulton

Greene

Adams

Southwest

South Central

Southeast

2.1 -

Juvenile Justice Sites in PA

All juvenile detention facilities throughout Pennsylvania are county run

The capacity in the facilities range from 8 to 48---exclusive of Allegheny County with 130 and Philadelphia with 105


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The Performance Measure

  • The 2005 CSPS Performance Measure requires STD Programs to examine screening practices in large juvenile justice facilities that have 500+ bookings annually. One facility in Pennsylvania met CDC’s reporting criteria.

  • The facility examined was Shuman Center in Pittsburgh PA, Allegheny County.


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2003

475 females admitted

70 females screened for chlamydia

14.7% screened

14 positive for chlamydia

20.0% positivity

2004

630 females admitted

93 females screened for chlamydia

14.8% screened

12 positive for chlamydia

12.9% positivity

A first look at Shuman Center


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What was going on at Shuman ….

  • All males admitted to Shuman Center were tested with a leukocyte esterase test (LET). If the LET was positive, the males were tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea.

  • All females were offered a pelvic exam including STD testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea. A majority of the young women declined testing.

  • Females received LETs if there was a suspicion of a urinary tract infection.

  • The Allegheny County Health Department laboratory provided the testing for Shuman Center . Cervical and urethral specimens were collected. Amplified technology was utilized.


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CDC’s Performance Measure…

  • The performance measure required the PA STD Program to look at the female chlamydia screening numbers for Shuman Center.

  • Upon review, the percentage of young women tested was low and positivity was high.

  • Goals and objectives were put into place to improve screening practices at Shuman Center to screen more female admittees.


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The Response…..

  • The numbers screened were admittedly low because the young women did not consent to pelvic examinations.

  • The availability of urine chlamydia testing for females and males would improve screening compliance.

  • Because of a commitment of the medical staff at Shuman Center and STD Program Staff at the Allegheny County Health Department the ball was rolling to provide urine testing at Shuman Center.


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Change was rather quick…

  • Shuman Center began utilizing amplified urine based screening for female and male admittees September 2005.

  • Specimen analysis is done at the Allegheny County Health Department Laboratory.


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1st Half 2005

304 females admitted

59 females screened for chlamydia

19.4% screened

5 positive for chlamydia

8.5% positivity

2nd Half 2005

284 females admitted

127 females screened for chlamydia

44.7% screened

19 positive for chlamydia

15.0% positivity

1st half 2005 vs. 2nd half 2005Data for Shuman Center


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Quarter by Quarter Datafor Chlamydia for Shuman Center

Urine testing began Sept 2005

1st qtr 2005 21.8% screened 2nd qtr 2005 10.8% screened

3rd qtr 2005 38.3% screened4th qtr 2005 55.0% screened

1st qtr 2006 73.6% screened


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1st Quarter 2005

174 females admitted

38 tested for chlamydia

21.8% tested

2 positive cases of chlamydia found

5.3% positivity

1st Quarter 2006

148 females admitted

109 tested for chlamydia

73.6% tested

12 positive cases of chlamydia found

11.0% positivity

1st Quarter 2005 vs. 1st Quarter 2006Data for Shuman Center


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Females Admitted vs. Screened for Chlamydia by Year at Shuman Center

CY 2003 14 cases identified CY 2004 12 cases identified

CY 2005 24 cases identified 1st quarter 2006 12 cases identified


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What about the boys???

  • Boys were not routinely tested for chlamydia before September 2005 because of the leukocyte esterase testing.

  • More males have been screened with chlamydia urine testing.

    1st quarter 2005 data:

    Males admitted: 765

    Males screened for CT: 101

    (13.2% screened)

    Male CT cases identified: 19

    Male positivity: 18.8%

1st quarter 2006 data:

Males admitted: 741

Males screened for CT: 494

(66.7% screened)

Male CT cases identified: 28

Male positivity: 5.7%


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Beyond Shuman Center….

  • The PA STD Program has established relationships in county juvenile justice facilities throughout PA.

  • Many juvenile justice facilities provide family planning services to females in their facilities.

  • The PA STD Program provides testing in approximately 8 juvenile justice facilities and positivity is similar to that found at Shuman.

  • Because of the increased interest and commitment to screening, data is now being analyzed to look at ages, races, crime committed, and length of stay for juveniles at Shuman with chlamydia infection.


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Question & Answers


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We Hold the Key

  • Have the desire to increase screening

  • Want to acknowledge the importance of screening

  • Can find a way to get it done


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