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About the Language. Stage IX: dative case, pronouns. A. Dative Case. Study the following examples: Clemens puellae vinum offerebat. Clemens was offering wine to the girl . iuvenis servo pecuniam tradidit. The young man handed over money to the slave .

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About the language

About the Language

Stage IX: dative case, pronouns


A dative case

A. Dative Case

  • Study the following examples:

    Clemens puellae vinum offerebat.

    Clemens was offering wine to the girl.

    iuvenis servo pecuniam tradidit.

    The young man handed over money to the slave.

    dominus mercatori statuam emit.

    The master bought a statue for the merchant.

    Grumio ancillis cenam paravit.

    Grumio prepared a dinner for the slave-girls.

    Quintus amicis discum ostendit.

    Quintus showed the discus to his friends.

    servi leonibus cibum dederunt.

    The slaves gave food to the lions.

    The words in bold type are nouns in the dative case.


Different superlatives

Different Superlatives

  • You have now met three cases. Notice the different ways in which they are used:

    nominativedominus servo signum dedit.

    The master gave a sign to the slave.

    dativedominus servo signum dedit.

    The master gave a sign to the slave.

    accusativedominus servo signum dedit.

    The master gave a sign to the slave.


C noun endings

C. Noun Endings

FIRSTSECONDTHIRD

DECLENSIONDECLENSIONDECLENSION

nominativepuellaservusmercator

singular dativepuellaeservomercatori

accusativepuellamservummercatorem

nominativepuellaeservimercatores

plural dativepuellisservismercatoribus

accusativepuellasservosmercatores


D further examples

D. Further examples:

  • ancilla domino cibum ostendit.

  • agricola uxori anulum emit.

  • servus Metellae togam tradidit.

  • mercator gladiatoribus pecuniam offerebat.

  • femina ancillis tunicas quaerebat.


E i and you

E. I and You

  • Notice the different cases of the words for I and you:

    ego senem saluto.I greet the old man.

    frater mihi statuam ostendit.My brother shows a statue to me.

    amicus me salutat.The friend greets me.

    tu picturam pingis.You are painting a picture.

    pater tibi pecuniam dat.Your father gives money to you.

    athleta te laudat.The athlete praises you.

    nominativeegotu

    dativemihitibi

    accusativemete


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