The general picture of triz from the viewpoint of changing objects
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The General Picture of TRIZ From the Viewpoint of Changing Objects. 02 - 06 07 - 16 17 - 20 21 - 29 30 - 32. 1 . Purpose and Method 2. Summary of Previous Papers 3. Technology and Institution 4 . Types of Objects Change and TRIZ 40 Principles 5. Conclusion.

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The General Picture of TRIZ From the Viewpoint of Changing Objects

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The general picture of triz from the viewpoint of changing objects

The General Picture of TRIZ From the Viewpoint of Changing Objects

02-06

07-16

17-20

21-29

30-32

1.Purpose and Method

2. Summary of Previous Papers

3. Technology and Institution

4.Types of Objects Change and TRIZ

40 Principles

5. Conclusion

TAKAHARA Toshio 2008.09.11


1 purpose and method 1 1 purpose

1. Purpose and Method1.1 Purpose

Change Objects

  • An important thing is only to make a right change on a right “object” in some area

  • 1.Application Area

  • 2. Object World

  • Especially Thing to be operated in Object

  • 3.Method to change

  • Formal Theory for these requirements in every application area (I don’t touch existing contents of TRIZ)


1 2 purpose and total picture of study

1.2 Purpose and Total Picture of Study

Change Object : Enumerate what can be changed

Enumerate the way of change

Basic Concepts

Granularity and Density, Attributes

Objects

Objects Change

Object World

How to Express Object World

Method of Resolving Differences (Intentional change of Object World)

Application Area

(Personal, Technology, Institution)


1 3 key of method type

1.3.Key of Method: Type

  • A classification into minimum (if possible)kinds ofelements of something as Types, in which

  • 1. we can deal with the same kind in the same way and the different kind differently, (Unified Way)

  • 2. by the combination of element we could reconstruct the original one uniquely in Object World or kind of element cover all Objects change and application area. (Exhaustiveness)

  •  Unified and Systematic Theory to change Object


1 4 method relation between types

1.4 Method : Relation between Types

Types of ObjectsChangeto be obtained not Types of Object

In 2003- 2005

A weak point of TRIZ

Basic Concepts

And Types

Object,

In 2007, 2008

Attributes and Object Structure

Objects

In 2003- 2005

A weak point of TRIZ

Objects Change

Object World

Types of Object Transformation and Operation =>Types of Solution

In 2007

Types of Purposes

Types of Area

Types of Institution

In the future

Application Area

(Personal, Technology, Institution)

Method of Resolving Differences(Intentional change of Object World)


1 5 method flow of types

1.5 Method : Flow of Types

Recognition of the real world and Differences

2.1 Object

Types of Purposes: Make a new function, Problem solving, Idealization (more plus, less minus)

2.2Object Structure

Specify relation between purpose, situation and types of Objects change

In 2007: Under one attribute and one Object

In 2008: Under two attributes and two Objects

2.3 Types of Objects Change to be obtained

Change Object:Specify something to be changed in Object and method of Operation and Transformation of Object

Types of Solution (in the Future)

2.4 Types of Operation and Transformation of Object

Solution


2 summary of previous papers 2 1 object granularity attributes

2. Summary of Previous Papers2.1. Object, Granularity, Attributes

  • Kinds of Objects: Types of Object World

  • Kinds of Objectswhich is something to be recognized

  •  1.Matter :System Object

  • 2. “Idea” :System Object

  • 21.Information of individual or common notion which is taken by physical entity

  • 22.My idea

  •  3.Movement or Action:Process Object

  • Granularity=Size, magnitude or scope in space and/ or time of something

  • Density= Density of inner structure, Degree of abstraction of something


2 2 structure of object

2.2.Structure of Object

Principle D

  • Four granularities of Attribute in Object

  • Attribute 1 is everything that concretely describe Object

  • Attribute 1= Attribute 2 (Content) in narrow sense + Inner Structure (Form)

  • Attribute 2 in narrow sense= Attribute 3difficult to change in most narrow sense + State easy to change

  • Latent attributes

  • (Attributes, Value)

Function a

Principle U/ P

Function b

Function n

Object

Attribute a

Attribute b

Attribute n

Inner structure

Elements

Number of Elements

Relation between elements


2 3 types of objects change within one attribute and one object

2.3. Types of Objects Change within one Attribute and one Object

  • 1.Generate or delete Object *

  • 2.Generate or delete attributes *

  • 3.Change attributes of Object

  • 1) No change of attributes

  • 2) Change attributes of Object not qualitatively

  • 3) Change attributes of Object qualitatively

  • * To generate Object or attributes is to bring in to the stage of Object World. To delete Object or attributes is to bring out from the stage of Object World.


2 4 types of object operation and transformation 2 4 1 types of object transformation 1

2.4. Types of Object Operation and Transformation2.4.1. Types of Object Transformation 1

  • Object TransformationPrinciple D

  • Change of inner structure consisting of elements and the relation between themcan change plural attributes of Object, generate new Object and delete Object itself from inside.

  • (an expansion of the law of the mutual transformation of quantitative and qualitative changes)

  • Basically Principle U,P change attributes 2 from outside


2 4 2 types of object transformation 2

2.4.2Types of Object Transformation 2

Object 2

Object 1

Movement

Object TransformationPrinciple U

Object 1and movement can change attributes of Object 2 or Object 2 itself.

Object 2

Object 1

Movement

Object Transformation Principle P

Object 1 and Object 2 can change attributes of movement or movement itself.


2 4 3 types of object operation

2.4.3. Types of Object Operation

  • Object Operation A:We can operate existing single Object or Object in “Object 1- Process Object- Object 2 model”.

  • Object Operation R: We can bring in, bring out or replace Object or its element of existing single Object or Object in “Object 1- Process Object- Object 2 model” freely regardless they are existing or not.


The general picture of triz from the viewpoint of changing objects

2.4.4.Relation between Types of Object Operation, Transformation and Objects Change within One Object

Types of

Object Operation

Types of

Object Transformation

Types of Objects Change

Delete or generate Object, attributes

Change number of Object, attributes:

0- 1,

1- 0

Principle D:

Change inner structure of Object

Operation A:

Act on existing Object

Principle P:

Object1 and Object2change Process Object

Qualitatively

Change attributes of Object

Person

Change 1attribute of Object

Operation

R:

Bring in, bring out or replace Object

Principle U:

Object1 and Process Object change Object2

Not qualitatively

Change attributes of Object


2 5 1 how to express 1 example of picture frame

2.5.1. How to Express 1:Example of Picture Frame

Person

Nail

Picture frame held by a person

Hanged Picture frame with Torque

Hang Frame on nail

Hang Frame on nail

And/ or

frame and string

With no qualitative change

Person

Nail

Hang Frame on nail

Picture frame held by a person

Hanged Picture frame with Torque

frame and string


2 5 2 how to express 2 example of burning

2.5.2. How to Express 2:Example of Burning

With qualitative change or replace

And/ or

Oxygen

State before burning

State after burning

Burn

Burn

Flammable material with carbon

Ash

CO2

Oxygen

Person

10g

5g

Burn

X t

Activity

Y t

Flammable material with carbon

Ash

CO2

CO2


2 5 3 how to express detailed picture frame

2.5.3. How to Express Detailed Picture Frame

Nail

Torque A caused by gap between gravity center and nail

A-(B-+C-)>0 

Person

Picture frame held by a person

Frame slant

Frame hanged horizontally

Hang Frame on nail horizontally

Slanted frame

Friction B between nail and string

Friction B-

frame and string

Friction C- between wall and frame

Friction C between wall and frame

Touch

Person

wall


3 1 technology and institution

3.1. Technology and Institution

  • Technology:Things between Person and Nature

  • Institution:Common Idea between Person and Community

  • 1. Person and Thing take Common Idea

  • Institution of Exchange (e.g. language, money)

  • 2. Person takes Common Idea:

  • Common Subject (e.g. thought, philosophy, religion, moral)

  • System Institution (e.g. nation, corporation, family)

  • Social Institution (e.g. law, politics, economics)


3 2 example of institution birth of commodity and money k marx capital chap 1

3.2.Example of Institution: Birth of Commodity and MoneyK. Marx “Capital” Chap.1

Add (and segment) attribute by Principle U

Bring in “Exchange” by Operation R

Useful thing

Use-value

Add attribute by exchange

Person

Use-value

Unintentional movement

Exchangeable

Transformation of attributes in succeeding exchange processes

Person

Useful thing

Use-value

Exchange-value

Segmentation of Object into Commodity and Money

Person

Commodity

Money

Bring in Money by Operation R


3 3 change and contradiction

3.3. Change and Contradiction

  • Change is an assemblage of

  • intentional change (Resolving Differences)

  • unintentional change

  • autonomous change: contradiction

  • Technology is conformed mainly to the law of movement of matter without purpose

  • Institution is conformed to the law of movement of community to realize purposes grasped at granularity as autonomous


3 4 technology and institution

3.4. Technology and Institution

  • In Both Technology and Institution

  • Change Objects by cause- effect relation, and use results and knowledge of contradiction

  • Institution

  • We have only necessary conditions which are to

  • continue to verify input and output of action,

  • continue to ask for method to realize change and common subject itself and

  • continue to act for change for the purpose.


4 types of objects change and triz 4 1 1 preparation two viewpoint

4. Types of Objects Change and TRIZ 4.1.1 Preparation: Two Viewpoint

  • 3 Granularities of change

  • A1. Change of number of Objects

  • A2. Change of number of attributes

  • A3. Change of attributes

  • 3 Types of Means of Changing Object => Types of solution / 40 Principles

  • B1. By Basic Principles

  • B2. Resolving Contradiction

  • B3. Simple Change of Attributes


The general picture of triz from the viewpoint of changing objects

4.1.2 Types of Objects Change and TRIZ Preparation : Types of Contradiction

  • 3 Types of Opposites:

  • 2 attributes in each Object, 2 attributes in 1 Object, 2 values in 1 attribute

  • 3 Types of Contradictions

  • A. “Allow contradiction to go on” type (“Develop a form in which opposites can exist side by side” )

  • Type 1: Mutually exclusive conditions of two values in one attribute lead to movement (PC)

  • Type Y

  • B. “Improvement of attributes of contradiction” type

  • Type X: PC

  • Type 2: Meet two values of requirements of two attributes simultaneously (TC)

  • Type 3: Transformation of two attributes

  • C. “Improvement of attributes of opposites” type

  • Type 4: Segmentation of Object


4 1 3 types of changed objects and triz preparation types of resolving contradiction

4.1.3 Types of Changed Objects and TRIZ Preparation : Types of Resolving Contradiction

A. “Allow contradiction to go on” type

B. “Improvement of attributes of contradiction” type

C. “Improvement of attributes of opposites” type


The general picture of triz from the viewpoint of changing objects

4.2.1Rearrange Existing 40 Principles 1numbers of Principles the number of Principle31, 32, 37 are not included

  • Structure Principles Super Groups

  • a) Basic Principles Group6:1, 2, 5, 6, 24, 34

  • b) Dynamic Principles Group 18:(3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 35, 40)

  • c) Structure Principles Group 7:(1, 2, 5, 7, 13, 24, 40)

  • d) Replace Principles Groups 9:

  • Replace Element Principles Group (26, 27, 28)

  • Replace Environment Principles Group (29, 38, 39)

  • Replace by Attributes Change Principles Group (14, 30, 40)


4 2 2 rearrange existing 40 principles 2

4.2.2 Rearrange Existing 40 Principles 2

  • Function and Attributes Principles Super Groups 1

  • e) Plus Principles Groups 18:

  • Basic Plus Principles Group(1, 24, 35)

  • Function Plus Principles Group(6, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 25, 36)

  • Attributes Plus Principles Group (17, 35, 40)

  • f) Minus Principles Groups 12:

  • Basic Minus Principles Group (2, 5, 34, 35)

  • Function Minus Principles Group (16)

  • Replace Minus Principles Group (26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33)

  • Attributes Minus Principles Group (33, 35)


4 2 3 rearrange existing 40 principles 3

4.2.3 Rearrange Existing 40 Principles 3

  • Function and Attributes Principles Super Groups 2

  • g) Equalize Principles Groups 9:

  • Equalize Problem Solving PrinciplesGroup(8, 11, 12, 34)

  • Equalize Movement Principles Group (9, 10, 16, 23, 34)

  • Equalize Attributes Principles Group (33)

  • h) “Anti” Principles Groups 8:

  • Basic “Anti” Principles Group (13)

  • “Anti” Function Principles Group (13)

  • “Anti” Attributes Principles Group (4, 13, 39)

  • “Anti- Anti” Function Principles Group (8, 9, 16, 34)

  •    “Anti- Anti” Meaning of Function Principles Group (22)


4 3 1 types of changed objects within two attributes and objects and triz

4.3.1. Types of Changed Objects within Two Attributes and Objects and TRIZ

0 Object, 0 attribute

Generate or delete Object

1. Not qualitatively or 2.Qualitatively

change one attribute of one Object.

3. Handling “physical contradiction”

1 Object,1 attribute

Segment, add, delete or merge attributes

1 Object, 2 attributes

1. Qualitatively transform two attributes.

2. Handling “technical contradiction”

Segment, delete or merge Objects

1. Qualitatively transform two attributes.

2. Handling “technical contradiction”

2 Objects, 2 attributes


4 3 2 types of objects change within two attributes and objects and triz 1

4.3.2.Types of Objects Change within Two Attributes and Objects and TRIZ 1


4 3 3 types of changed object within two attributes and objects and triz 2

4.3.3.Types of Changed Object within Two Attributes and Objects and TRIZ 2


5 1 summary

5.1 Summary

Object

Basic Concepts

And Types

In 2007, 2008

Types of ObjectsChange to be obtained

Attributes and Object Structure

Objects

A weak point of TRIZ

Objects Change

Object World

Object Transformation and Operation =>Types of Solution

In 2007

Types of Purposes

Types of Area

Types of Institution

In the future

Application Area

(Personal, Technology, Institution)

Method of Resolving Differences(Intentional change of Object World)


5 2 conclusion

5.2 Conclusion

  • Types of Objects change within two attributes and two Objects

  • TRIZ is an assemblage of process elements

  • attributes change

  • solving “physical contradiction” and “technical contradiction”

  • segmentation and merging of attributes

  • segmentation and merging of Objects

  • We can apply TRIZ to institutional area with some modification


5 3 further study needed

5.3. Further Study Needed

  • Transformation of attribute to the other attribute

  • How inner structure of Object decide attributes, Structure of contradiction in Institution

  • Solution to decide

  • 1) how types of purposes and situation decide types of Objects change (position in 4.3.1 - 4.3.3) and

  • 2) how types of changed Object select Operation R, Principle U, P and D and decide how to use them Types of Solution

  • “40 Principles” in the area of Institution as Types of Solution


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