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Report. República del Perú PERU. University Bible Fellowship – Washington Chapter 10th Anniversary Celebration November 8, 2002 Presented by Belssi Chang. Content. PERU. Geographic Setting Regions Population Ethnic Groups History and Government Universities Missionary Work.

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República del Perú PERU

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Report

República del PerúPERU

University Bible Fellowship – Washington Chapter

10th Anniversary Celebration

November 8, 2002

Presented by Belssi Chang


Content

PERU

  • Geographic Setting

  • Regions

  • Population

  • Ethnic Groups

  • History and Government

  • Universities

  • Missionary Work


Geographic Setting

PERU

  • Borders Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and the Pacific Ocean.

  • Total land area of 1.28 million sq. km. (3.5x size of Japan, slightly smaller than Alaska).

  • Third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina.

  • Ranks among the world's 20 largest nations.


Geographic SettingContinued

PERU

  • Terrain: western coastal plain, high and rugged Andes in center, eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin.

  • Landscape: 50 mountains > 6,000 meters above sea level; 1,679 glaciers; 12,000 lakes of varying sizes and depths; and 262 different river basins.

  • Among the 5 countries with the greatest biological diversity in the world.


Regions

PERU

  • Peru is made up of 24 departments and one Constitutional Province called El Callao.

  • Main cities:

    • Coast: Arequipa, Callao, Trujillo, Chimbote, Chiclayo and Piura

    • Andes: Cusco

    • Amazon: Iquitos


Population

PERU

  • Current total Peruvian population is about 27 million:

    • 52% lives in the coast,

    • 36% lives in the highlands, and

    • 12% lives in the jungle.

    • 71% lives in urban areas and

    • 29% lives in rural areas .

    • 50% (approx.) is under 21.

    • 90% is Roman Catholic.

    • Around 6 million live in the capital, Lima.


Ethnic Groups

PERU

  • Ethnic Groups:

    • 45% Amerindian: Quechuas and Aymaras

    • 37% mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white),

    • 15% criollo (white),

    • 3% Black, Japanese, Chinese, and other

  • Languages:

    • Spanish (official)

    • Quechua (official)

    • Aymara


History and Government

PERU

  • Ancient Peru seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably the Incas

  • Inca empire captured by Spanish conquerors in 1533.

  • Peruvian independence declared in 1821.

  • 20th century dominated by military rule, serious economic problems, and guerrilla activity.

  • Dramatic turnaround and significant progress following

    • Return of democracy returned in 1980 and especially following

    • President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990

      • New Constitution issued under his leadership in 1993; left power in 2000)

  • Government has 3 branches: executive (5-year term), legislative, and judicial branches.

  • Current President: Alejandro Toledo (elected in 2001)


Universities

PERU

  • Total of 78 Universities: ~416,000 students

    • 33 Public Universities: ~246,000 students

    • 45 Private Universities: ~170,000 students

    • 53% Male, 47% Female

    • 1.62% of total population

    • 7.92% of 15-24 year old population

    • Major with highest enrollment: Education

  • Largest Universities (both located in Lima):

    • Universidad San Martin de Porres (private): ~32,000

    • Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos: ~25,000


Universities Continued

PERU

  • Universidad San Martin de Porres:

  • Largest Peruvian university

  • ~32,000 students

  • Founded in 1962

  • Ranked among top 3 private universities

www.usmp.edu.pe


Universities Continued

PERU

  • Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos:

  • ~25,000 students

  • Founded in 1551 by Dominican Mission.

  • First university in American continent.

  • School of medicine, law, and letters and sciences have functioned uninterruptedly since its founding.

www.unmsm.edu.pe


Missionary Work

PERU

Periods:

  • 1532-1822 (Roman Catholic Missions)

  • 1822-1900 (Beginning of Protestant Missions)

  • 1900-1940s (Protestant Missions Added)

  • 1950s-Present (Growth Trends and Outlook)


Mission Work: 1532-1822

PERU

  • Roman Catholic Missions

  • Catholicism was brought by Spanish conquerors starting around 1532.

  • Evangelization conducted through Franciscan, Mercedarian, and Dominican dioceses.

  • The 17th century - "Peru’s religious century"

    • Canonization of two saints.

    • However 17th Century followed by religious decline.


Mission Work: 1822-1900

PERU

  • Beginning of Protestant Missions

  • 1822-24: Scottish educator/Bible society agent James Thomson arrived in Lima

    • Carried mission work jointly with pro-reform Catholic clergy

  • 1845: Catholicism becomes official state religion

    • Foreigners allowed to conduct Protestant services provided that no Peruvians attended

  • 1849: Anglican Church for foreign residents allowed

    • First Non-Catholic denomination in Peru.


Mission Work: 1822-1900Continued

PERU

  • Beginning of Protestant Missions Continued

  • 1877: Arrival of first US Methodists (little success)

  • 1888: Arrival of Francisco Penzotti, Methodist Minister

    • 1888-1896: sold Bibles, preached, trained leaders

    • 1889: organized a Methodist Church

    • 1890-1891: jailed for 9 months due to Catholic reaction

      • international scandal and support resulting in religious tolerance law in 1915

  • 1898: Seventh Day Adventists started mission work

    • Gained converts especially among Aymara Indians

    • Founded and operate respected university.

    • Remain second largest Protestant church in Peru.

    • Currently largest non-Pentecostal denomination.


Mission Work: 1900-1940s

PERU

  • Protestant Missions Added

  • 1903: Wesleyans

  • 1914: Nazarenes

  • 1927: Baptists (first of several Baptist Missions)

  • 1900-1930: John Ritchie (RBMU) developed successfully an indigenous Peruvian Evangelical Church in Andes.

  • 1930s-1940s: John A. Mackay (Free Church of Scotland) evangelized university students in Lima

  • 1940: Most Protestant churches and missions form National Evangelical Council

    • As of 1998 still most representative Protestant Institution.


Mission Work: 1950s-Present

PERU

  • Growth Trends and Outlook

  • Wycliffe Bible Translators made Bible available in >30 tribal languages in Amazonian jungle.

  • Faith Missions and Southern Baptists little growth.

  • Pentecostal churches largest growth (esp. among poor).

  • Evangelical Alliance Mission Radio station influential in opening doors for significant growth in 1970s.


Mission Work: 1950s-PresentContinued

PERU

  • Growth Trends and OutlookContinued

  • 1970-1990 violent political climate between military and Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path) guerrillas affected isolated areas where missionary efforts had been successful.

  • 1990s – wave of Pentencostal renewal spread

  • Recently – significant evangelical growth among native Quechuas and Aymaras

  • Many converts become active as lay missionaries, in North Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and the United States.


Dios tiene esperanza para el Perú!

PERU


GodhashopeforPeru!

PERU


References

PERU

  • http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/pe.html

  • http://www.peru.com/peruinfo/

  • http://www.latin-focus.com/countries/peru/peru.htm

  • http://ppn.home.cern.ch/ppn/up.htm

  • http://www.anr.edu.pe/

  • http://www.unmsm.edu.pe

  • http://www.usmp.edu.pe

  • D.B. Barret, et al. World Christian Encyclopedia: The World by Countries, Religions, Churches, Ministries. Volume 1, Second Edition. Oxford University Press, 2001.

  • A. S. Moreau, et al. Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions. Baker Book House Company, 2000.

  • J. A. Siewert, et al. Mission Handbook: USA/Canada Christian Ministries Overseas. Marc Publishers, 1993-1995.


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