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The Strives Towards Unity and National Integration. There are 3 important steps as government efforts in handling the problem of weakness in unity:. Political Efforts.

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The Strives Towards Unity and National Integration

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The Strives Towards Unity and National Integration

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  • There are 3 important steps as government efforts in handling the problem of weakness in unity:

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Political Efforts

  • Among political measures taken are actions through the legislative system, where laws and acts are made by Parliament to settle problems related to unity

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Political Efforts

  • First, the Constitution contains a number of clauses oriented towards racial equality such as allocations that provide protection to certain communities.

  • For instance articles related to the special rights of the Malays and citizenship for others.

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Political Efforts

  • Secondly, the acts passed by Parliament safeguard understanding among the races.

  • Among then is Seditions Act/Incitement Act 1948 aimed at preventing an individual from raising sensitive issues.

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Political Efforts

  • Matters that are not allowed to be questioned:

  • The position of Malay as national language

  • The position of Malay rulers

  • The special rights of the Bumiputra

  • The citizenship rights of non Bumiputra

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Political Efforts

  • Thirdly, the Internal Security Act (ISA) aimed at protecting the country’s interests and internal security.

  • The Act empowers the government to arrest and detain whomsoever that is thought to create internal security problems.

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Political Efforts

  • Fourthly, the Alliance (BN) today which unites parties into one bigger multi-racial organization.

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Economic Effort

  • Economic problems constitute a serious obstacle to creating unity.

  • Visible economic differences among races can give rise to feelings of discontent or envy that can spark off conflict

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Measure taken

  • The five-year plans and government development policies aimed at having economic equity among the races and to reduce identification of race by economic activity.

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Social and Cultural Effort

  • The introduction of National Cultural Policy 1971.

  • It was hoped that a national culture would create a national identity for the plural society of Malaysia.

  • In Malaysia, the national culture is founded upon the Malay culture with the incorporation of elements from other cultures found in the country.

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The Basis of Racial Unity in Malaysia

  • Sharing of political power among different ethnic groups.

  • Three political partners-UMNO,MCA and MIC-that the sharing of political power is an effective means for managing a multi-ethnic society

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Democratic Government

  • Malaysia has been practicing parliamentary democracy since 1957.

  • As a result, it made easier for the people to voice their objection and dissatisfactions as well as to make specific demands.

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Democratic Government

  • A person can voice and make criticisms only within the confines of the law that protects the individual concerns.

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Economic Growth

  • Economic growth through equitable redistribution and taking into account the aspirations of the different races.

  • Continuous economic growth in the past decades made it possible to reduce the gap between communities.

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Cultural Compromise

  • Readiness to accept cultural and religious diversity as a source of strength

  • Cultural diversity is a reality; that constitutes today, a strength in the building of the Malaysian nation.

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National Integration Strategies in Malaysia

  • Unity of the people can exist if there is already unity within each ethnic group

  • Therefore efforts to unite the members of an ethnic group need to be carried out before trying to create national unity (among the ethnic groups).

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National Integration Strategies in Malaysia

  • National unity can be achieved when economic differences among ethnic groups are reduced and subsequently eliminated.

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National Integration Strategies in Malaysia

  • The implementation of all policies, economic, social, cultural and so on, should not stop certain ethnic groups from carrying out any rightful activity in the areas concerned.

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National Integration Strategies in Malaysia

  • To make sure that policies made and implemented should be based on principles of compromise among the leaders of the ethnic groups.

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Method to Achieve National Integration

Methods For Socio-psychological Development

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Formal Education

  • Socialization process at school and tertiary level, the curriculum is complete with elements that furnish in-depth knowledge of the ethnic groups to inculcate the spirit of unity

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Methods For Socio-psychological Development

  • Co-curriculum activities

  • Continuous education

  • Social groups

  • Social activities

  • Tourism within the country

  • Mass media

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Methods for Socio-economic Development

  • Improving educational infrastructure

  • Create bumiputra entrepreneurs and professionals

  • Development of rural infrastructure

  • Development of rural folks

  • Development in the small enterprise sector

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