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Impact of European Empire Building in Africa & Asia. “Scramble for Africa”. OK, so let’s refresh our memories… . 1400 - 1500 Prince Henry attacked the Muslims in Morocco Launched the “Age of Exploration” At his school students learned about navigation, astronomy, and mapmaking (cartography)

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Ok so let s refresh our memories

OK, so let’s refresh our memories…

1400 - 1500

Prince Henry attacked the Muslims in Morocco

Launched the “Age of Exploration”

At his school students learned about navigation, astronomy, and mapmaking (cartography)

Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue

There were lots of new lands discovered

Valuable resources (GOLD)

Spain & Portugal wanted more $$$$$ (GLORY)

… and doing it in the name of GOD (Spreading Christianity!)


During the 1400s 1900s where did portugal spain england and france colonize
During the 1400s – 1900s, where did Portugal, Spain, England, and France colonize?

ASIA

AFRICA

THE AMERICAS


But don t forget about
But don’t forget about England, and France colonize?

Australia

the penal colony

In 1770, Captain James Cook mapped and claimed the eastern Australian coast for the British King George III

In 1778, the British colonized Australia. Before American independence, the British sent prisoners to be colonists in the colony of GEORGIA…

… but after the American Revolution, Great Britain sent their prisoners to Australia!


Why did the british want to colonize australia
Why did the British want to colonize Australia? England, and France colonize?

1. Relieve overcrowding in Britain’s jails

2. The British government recognized the importance of having its navy stationed there

3. To expand trade

4. They didn’t want anyone else (especially the French!) to colonize there and become more POWERFUL!


You need to know
You need to know: England, and France colonize?

Who claimed Australia for Great Britain?

a. Christopher Columbus

b. Captain James Cook

c. George III

d. the Prince of Wales


You need to know1
You need to know: England, and France colonize?

Who claimed Australia for Great Britain?

a. Christopher Columbus

b. Captain James Cook

c. George III

d. the Prince of Wales


You need to know2
You need to know: England, and France colonize?

2. Which coast of Australia did Captain Cook claim for England in 1770?

a. east

b. west

c. north

d. south


You need to know3
You need to know: England, and France colonize?

2. Which coast of Australia did Captain Cook claim for England in 1770?

a. east

b. west

c. north

d. south


You need to know4
You need to know: England, and France colonize?

3. What type of people were the first British colonists in Australia?

a. captains

b. conquistadors

c. prisoners

d. sailors


You need to know5
You need to know: England, and France colonize?

3. What type of people were the first British colonists in Australia?

a. captains

b. conquistadors

c. prisoners

d. sailors


You need to know6
You need to know: England, and France colonize?

4. Which was NOT a reason that Great Britain colonized Australia?

a. To keep it out of French control

b. To have a naval base in the area

c. To find gold and spread Christianity

d. To relieve overcrowding in British prisons


You need to know7
You need to know: England, and France colonize?

4. Which was NOT a reason that Great Britain colonized Australia?

a. To keep it out of French control

b. To have a naval base in the area

c. To find gold and spread Christianity

d. To relieve overcrowding in British prisons


Enough about australia what about africa
Enough about Australia… what about Africa? England, and France colonize?

The European countries were buildingEMPIRES around the world. The result was a “Scramble for Africa” between 1885 – 1910.

Great Britain

France

Portugal

Spain

Denmark

Germany

Italy

The Netherlands

all wanted a piece of Africa and its resources.

They split Africa up among themselves.


European Empires in Africa England, and France colonize?

1914


Why did all those european countries want a piece of africa
Why did all those European countries want a piece of Africa? England, and France colonize?

  • 1. NATURAL RESOURCES – especially oil, gold, and diamonds

  • European factories required lots of raw materials (stuff used to make other things)their manufactured goods, and those things were found in Africa

  • 2. POLITICS – NATIONALISM (pride in your country) was on the rise! Having colonies on other continents made Europeans feel pride in their countries.

  • 3. EUROPEAN WORLDVIEW – Europeans in the 1800s thought they were the world’s most advanced civilization; they felt they needed to “civilize” the “heathens” in the rest of the world. Missionaries continued to spread Christianity.


The scramble for africa was not only taking place in africa but in asia too
The “ England, and France colonize?Scramble for Africa” was not only taking place in Africa, but in Asia, too!


European empires in asia
European Empires in Asia England, and France colonize?


Many saw Europe no longer as a England, and France colonize?trading partner, but as a conqueror. Great Britain took control of India.France controlled lands in Southeast Asia, including Vietnam. The British fought for control of other lands like Burma, Laos, Siam, (present day Thailand, and Cambodia.


Nationalism England, and France colonize?(love of one’s country) and militarism(using strong armies and threats of war) were on the rise in Europe. The countries signed treaties agreeing to help one another in case of an attack. In 1914, a series of events caused Germany to declare war on Russia and France. On the other side, the British joined France and Russia and formed the Allied Powers. Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire (Turkey and its colonies), and Bulgaria joined the Germans as the Central Powers.


These countries were England, and France colonize?large and controlled lands around the world, the war was called the Great War. Later, the United States became involved on the side of the Allied Powers.


Map England, and France colonize?of the World showing the Participants in World War I:  

GREEN: Allies (some entered the war or dropped out later)

ORANGE: Central Powers

GRAY: Neutral Countries

While it is not mentioned in the diagram some parts of the Ottoman empire were fighting with the allies.


The war lasted until England, and France colonize?1918, and an estimated 10 millionpeople died. Some believed it was the “war to end all wars.” Unfortunately, just 20 years later, Europe would be at the center of an even bigger conflict. The Great War became known as World War I. The later, larger conflict was called World War II.


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