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Pronunciation. Two Rules of Syllables. Every syllable begins with one consonant followed by one vowel. There are two types of syllables Open (ends with a vowel) Closed (ends with a consonant). rb;d'. In English, you sometimes have the same consonant doubled. Gra mm ar Su nn y Pu ll.

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Two rules of syllables
Two Rules of Syllables

  • Every syllable begins with one consonant followed by one vowel.

  • There are two types of syllables

    • Open (ends with a vowel)

    • Closed (ends with a consonant)

rb;d'


In english you sometimes have the same consonant doubled
In English, you sometimes have the same consonant doubled.

GrammarSunnyPull

Hebrew does this with a Dagesh Forte

hV'ai


Dagesh forte
Dagesh Forte

Dagesh Lene

“Strong”

“Weak”

Emphasizes a letter by doubling it

Changes Begadkephat letters

Any letter except

Only in

p k d g b

x a [

t


Yim v h
~yIm;V'h;

Dagesh Forte

Dagesh Lene

lK'-ta,

hY"x;

nEP.-l[;

hNEhi;

AB-rv,a]

































~yhil{a/ar"B" tyvireb.

taew> ~yIm]V"h; tae

`#r,a"h"


Whbow" Whto ht'y>h' #r<a'h'w>

~Aht. ynEP.-l[; %v,xow>

tp,x,r:m. ~yhil{a/ x:Wrw>

~yIM'h; ynEP.-l[;



Raah ta yhil a ar y w
rAah'-ta, ~yhil{a/ ar>Y:w:

~yhil{a/ lDEb.Y:w: bAj-yKi

%v,xoh; !ybeW rAah' !yBe


`^r,m.v.yIw> hw"hy> ^k.r,b'y>

^yl,ae wyn"P' hw"hy> raey"

`&'N<xuywI



~d'a'

Man


~d'a'

~doa'

hm'd'a]

B Red

B Ground

~wOda/

B Edom

~d'

B Blood


vyai

Contrast with

vAna/

Contrast with

~d'a'


#r,a,

Land, earth, ground


#r,a,

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1).

Then Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden. (Genesis 4:16).


#r,a,

“…I will blot out from the face of the land every living thing that I have made” (Genesis 7:4).

“Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth” (Genesis 9:1).


#r,a,

It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there (Genesis 11:2).


#r,a,

Now the LORD said to Abram,

“Go forth from your country,

And from your relatives

And from your father’s house,

To the land which I will show you” (Genesis 12:1).


~yhil{a/

God, gods


~yhil{a/

la/

B God (strength)

When all the leaders of the tower of Shechem heard of it, they entered the inner chamber of the temple of El-berith (Judges 9:46).


~yhil{a/

la/

B God (strength)

The Mighty One, God, the LORD, has spoken (Psalm 50:1).

rB,DI hw"hy> ~yhil{a/ lae


~yhil{a/

la/

B God (strength)

The mountains were covered with its shadow,

And the cedars of God with its boughs

(Psalm 80:10, NAS).


~yhil{a/

la/

B God (strength)

The mountains were covered with its shade, the mighty cedars with its branches. (Psalm 80:10, NIV).


~yhil{a/

la/

B God (strength)

H;Ala/

B God (mostly in Job)


ba'

Father


ba'

For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife… (Genesis 2:24).


ba'

And Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock (Genesis 4:20).


ba'

“No longer shall your name be called Abram,

But your name shall be Abraham;

For I will make you the father of a multitude of nations” (Genesis 17:5).


lae

God


!Be

Son


Son as a figurative term
Son as a Figurative Term

A “son of the possession” (qv,m,‑!b,) was an heir (Genesis 15:2).

A “son of a house”(ytiyBe‑!b,) is one who is such a close friend that he is like a member of the family (Genesis 15:3).

A “son of death” (tw<m'‑!b,) is one who deserves to die (1 Samuel 20:31) or who has been condemned to die (Psalm 102:20).

A “son of Gehinnon” is someone who is bound for hell (Matthew 23:15).


Son as a figurative term1
Son as a Figurative Term

“And when Abram was ninety years ( ) old and nine…” (Genesis 17:1).

Look at the term “sons” (ynb) as it is used in Jeremiah 48:45.

And it has devoured the forehead of Moab

And the scalps of the riotous revelers

( B literally, sons of uproar)

!Aav' ynEB.

~y[iv.Ti-!B,


tyIB;

House


tyIB;

Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever (Psalm 23:6).

O house of Aaron, trust in the LORD;

He is their help and their shield. (Psalm 115:10).


tyIB;

They burned the city with fire, and all that was in it. Only the silver and gold, and articles of bronze and iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the LORD. (Joshua 6:24).


tyIB;

Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with a three-year-old bull and one ephah of flour and a jug of wine, and brought him to the house of the LORD in Shiloh, although the child was young. (1 Samuel 1:24).


rb;D'

Word, thing


rb;D'

rBeDI

B To speak

rb'D'

B Speech, utterance


rb;D'

And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments (Exodus 34:28).


H or p ta hw hy g n y w
h[or>P;-ta, hw"hy> [G:n:y>w:

And he plagued

Pharaoh

Yahweh

AtyBe-ta,w> ~ylidoG> ~y[ig"n>

his house

and

great ones

(with) plagues

~r"b.a; tv,ae yr:f' rb;D>-l[;

the word

wife

upon

Sarai

of Abram

(for the sake of)

(Genesis 12:17)


~Ay

Day


~Ay

Wail, for the day of the LORD is near!

It will come as destruction from the Almighty. (Isaiah 13:6).


~Ay

Alas, you who are longing for the day of the LORD, For what purpose will the day of the LORD be to you? It will be darkness and not light (Amos 5:18).


laer'f.yI

Israel


hr'f'

laer'f.yI

He said, “Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but Israel; for you have striven with God and with men and have prevailed.” (Genesis 32:28).


~il;f'Wry>

Jerusalem


~il;f'Wry>

hr'y"

B To cast, throw, or shoot

(Can be used of casting a foundation)

~Alv'

B Peace


hw''hy>

Yahweh


hy<h.a, rv,a] hy<h.a,

hw''hy>

And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. (Exodus 3:14).


~yIr;c.mi

Egypt


~yIr;c.mi

rAcm'

B Egypt, a fortified place

rWc

B To bind, beseige


hv,mo

Moses


hv'm'

hv,mo

And she called his name Moses: and she said, “Because I drew him out of the water.” (Exodus 2:10).

  • Rameses

  • Thutmoses

  • Ahmoses


%l,m,

King


%l,m,

%l;m'

B To reign


sWs

Horse


rb,[,

Slave, servant


rb,[,

db;['

B Work, serve


h[or.P;

Pharaoh


hn'v'

Year


~ve

Name


Figures of speech

Figures of Speech

When the words are not to be taken literally


Patient longsuffering
PATIENT, LONGSUFFERING

The Hebrew phrase ~yIP;a; %r,a, is normally translated “slow to anger” in the NAS.

  • %r,a, is the word for “long.”

  • ~yIP;a; is the dual of @n"a" and carries the idea of “anger.” It is related to the word @a;, the Hebrew word for “nose.”


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