Chapter 2 first white settlers
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Chapter 2: First White Settlers. Francisco Coronado is thought to be the 1 st European explorer into OK in 1540 Some believed Vikings were the first, almost 500 years before. They found runes carved into stone near Heavener, OK

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Chapter 2: First White Settlers

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Chapter 2 first white settlers

Chapter 2:First White Settlers


Chapter 2 first white settlers

  • Francisco Coronado is thought to be the 1st European explorer into OK in 1540

  • Some believed Vikings were the first, almost 500 years before. They found runes carved into stone near Heavener, OK

  • Spaniards were confident that Coronado would find the “Seven Cities of Cibola”; never found this city of gold.


Spaniards

Spaniards

  • Known as “Conquistadors”

    • All strangers were enemies

    • Thought they were invincible

    • Greedy for gold

    • Advantages over Indians

      • Guns, horses, wagons

      • Most important contribution was the horse; this changed the life of western Indians


Spaniards con t

Spaniards con’t

  • Friar Juan de Padilla- went to establish a mission among the Tattooed people

  • Hernando de Soto- his expedition started in Florida

  • Don Juan de Onate- Formed the last major expedition into OK.


Other explorers

Other Explorers

  • French- were more focused on trading, land, and furs. Not as hostile as the Spaniards

  • LaSalle and LaHarpe were part of French expeditions.


Cultural exchanges

Cultural Exchanges

  • Interactions between explorers and Indians had some positives:

    • Explorers taught metalcraft, heating metal into shapes (blacksmith)

    • Traded items like guns, horses, etc

    • Indians learned about the wheel

    • Many diseases were transferred between the two groups. Indians suffered more.


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