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ASER Pakistan. A citizen led initiative. Public & Private Trends - Post ASER Dialogue Jan. 29, 2013. Section I: Scale of Survey. The ASER 2012 launch on January 28 th followed up by a Post ASER 2012 Dialogue. The key objectives are:

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Aser pakistan

ASER Pakistan

A citizen led initiative

Public & Private Trends - Post ASER Dialogue Jan. 29, 2013


Section i scale of survey

Section I: Scale of Survey


Policy dialogue post aser 2012 objectives

The ASER 2012 launch on January 28th followed up by a Post ASER 2012 Dialogue. The key objectives are:

to influence specific policies and actions for education and,

to contribute to global conversations on learning and quality, public private provisions, early childhood care and education and education financing.

Dialogue anchored in the Right to Education (RTE) Article 25A debates underway in Pakistan.

ASER 2012 to provide evidence to key strands of the dialogue.    

Policy dialogue – Post ASER 2012 Objectives


Aser 2012 sample distribution

ASER 2012 – SAMPLE DISTRIBUTION

31% Private Schools


Section ii access schooling

Section II: Access (Schooling)


Pre school enrollment 3 5 years rural

Pre-School Enrollment (3-5 Years) – Rural

Enrollment of children of 3 – 5 years 37%in 2012

Enrollment highest in Urban 55% compared to Rural 37%

30% Private schools


Enrollment 6 16 years rural

Enrollment (6-16 years) – Rural

77% of 6-16 year olds in rural districts are enrolled in schools

74% enrollment in Govt. schools

26% Rural children enrolled in private/ non-state sector

23% of children are out of school

1

4

out of every

Children is

Out-of-School

Never Enrolled still higher than dropout rate


Aser pakistan

Out-of-School children

(6-16)

17%

16%

7%

25%

5%

16%

34%

32%


Gendered comparison out of school children 6 16 years

Gendered Comparison: Out of School Children (6-16 years)

There are more Girls out of school than boys


Section iii quality

Section III: Quality


Aser pakistan

Learning Levels (Class 5): Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto

56%

43%

65%

46%

55%

67%

36%

40%


Aser pakistan

g

Learning Levels (Class 5): English

68%

47%

58%

50%

62%

61%

32%

25%


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Learning Levels (Class 5): Arithmetic

56%

44%

44%

56%

42%

56%

34%

27%


Learning levels boys vs girls 5 16 years

Learning levels – Boys vs. Girls (5-16 Years)

Girls continue to lag behind boys in learning levels

Girls are behind boys by 9% in basic Arithmetic


Public vs private

Public vs. Private

Trends in Education (By Type of School)

Rural Outreach: 136 Districts

Urban Outreach: 6 Cities


Public vs private1

Public vs. Private

  • Trends in Enrollment (By Type of School & Gender)

Rural

Urban


Learning levels public vs private

Learning levels – Public vs. Private

Learning Levels are better in Private schools overall

  • 48% children in government and 63% children in private schools in class 5 can read class 2 Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto story.

  • 43% of the children in class 5 Government schools and 64% of children in private schools can read English sentences.


Additional learning support paid tuition

Additional learning support – Paid Tuition

Rural

Urban

Children in urban areas are more likely to take paid tuition

6% Government and 25% Private enrolled children take tuition in Rural Areas


Section iv school attendance facilities

Section IV: School Attendance & Facilities


Attendance students and teachers

Attendance - Students and Teachers

1 in every 5 children in government schools was absent from school

Overall attendance is better in Private schools

13% and 14% teachers in private and government schools respectively were found to be absent


Multi grade classes

Multi-grade Classes

Around 50% government school children of class 2 sit with other classes vs. 28% in Private Schools

BUT

22% grade 8 students in

Private schools sit with other classes vs.

17% grade 8 students in

Government schools


Basic facilities improved but not sufficient

Basic Facilities – Improved but not Sufficient

50% of government primary schools do not have functional toilet facilities

  • 39% primary government schools still do not have useable water

  • 38% primary government schools still do not have boundary walls


Section v other dimensions that influence teaching and learning

Section V: Other dimensions that influence teaching and learning


Mother tongue home language

Mother tongue/ Home Language

  • 41 different languages were used throughout Pakistan.

  • 5 common languages were;

  • Pashto (27%),

  • Punjabi (19%),

  • Sindhi (16%),

  • Balochi (10%)

  • Siraiki 7%) and

  • 21% used other languages

  • Other Lanuages included : Urdu, Brahvi, Shina. Balti, Burushaski, Chitrali, Potwari, Gujrati, Khowar, Dhatki, Kashmiri, Bolari, English, Pahari, Rakhshani, Kutchi, Kohistani, Baltistan, Khetrani, Rachnavi, Wakhi, Rangri, Torwali, Yatgha, Myuti, Ridkhan, Mewati, KoliMuhajri, Hindko, Marathi, Marwari, Darkhan, Persion,)


Parental education

Parental Education

  • Rural: 78% mothers vs 53% fathers did not complete primary education.

  • .Urban: 45% Mothers vs 28% Fathers did not complete primary education

Rural

Urban


Section vi how far have we come on rte compliance

Section VI: How far have we come on RTE compliance?


Action to rte 25 a implementation

Action to RTE 25 A Implementation

  • RTE 25 A provides for children 5-16 years of age covering pre primary to secondary or grade X education

  • State needs all partners to make this happen – public and all non state partners

  • What is the approach towards partnerships

    • Education Foundations financing affordable or low cost private schools (APS)

    • Donors /Education Fund for Sindh funding APS


Thank you

Thank You

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ASER-Pakistan

ASERPAKISTAN


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