Chapter 8 – African Civilizations and the Spread of Islam. The spread of Islam in Africa linked its regions to the outside world through trade, religion, and politics States like Mali and Songhai are built on military power and dynastic alliances
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Chapter 8 – African Civilizations and the Spread of Islam
Ghana: 4th – 11th centuries
Mali: 13th – 15th centuries
Songhai: 15th – 16th centuries
^Christian Churches in the mountains of Ethiopia
King Lalibela– early 13th century Ethiopian King/ruler; built great rock churches (pg. 175 in textbook)
Sundiata successors in this wealthy state extended Mali’s control through most of the Niger valley to near the Atlantic coast.
Sunni Ali Ber
Compare the Travels of Ibn Batuta and Marco Polo
Ile-Ife – The holiest Yoruba city; inhabitants created terra-cotta and bronze portraits heads that rank among the greatest achievements of African art.
Congo Kingdom– Large agricultural state on the lower Congo River; capital at Mbanza Congo; The Congo was a federation of states grouped into eight major provinces