Ch 16 reconstruction
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Ch. 16: Reconstruction. American History (CHA3U1). Introduction. Confederate war veterans returned to devastated land African Americans quickly learned that freedom didn’t mean equality

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Ch. 16: Reconstruction

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Ch 16 reconstruction

Ch. 16: Reconstruction

American History (CHA3U1)


Introduction

Introduction

  • Confederate war veterans returned to devastated land

  • African Americans quickly learned that freedom didn’t mean equality

  • Readmitting Southern states to the Union difficult because of white Southern bitterness & Radical Republicans in Congress


Sec 1 after slavery pgs 440 44

Sec. 1: After Slavery (pgs. 440 – 44)

New Ways of Life

  • The Plight of Landowners  some slaves agreed to stay and work the land for housing, food and cash after crops harvested

     Many lost land because Confederate money worthless therefore couldn’t pay taxes or debts

  • The Plight of Workers  poor whites / African Americans  tenant farmers / sharecroppers


Sharecroppers

Sharecroppers


Sec 1 after slavery

Sec. 1: After Slavery

  • From Slavery to Freedom  strengthened family ties

  • Chose new surnames

  • Left for cities or farmland in the West


Sec 1 after slavery1

Sec. 1: After Slavery

The Freedmen’s Bureau

  • Education  taught former slaves to read / write

  • Jobs  encouraged former slaves to sign labour contracts with planters

  • Land  land given to former slaves returned to previous white owners


Sec 2 reconstructing the south pgs 445 51

Sec. 2: Reconstructing the South (pgs. 445 – 51)

Presidential Reconstruction

  • Lincoln’s Plan  amnesty / pardon to all Southerners who pledged an oath of loyalty to the United States

     African Americans could return to Africa or colonize Caribbean

  • The Radical Republicans’ Plan  harsher than

    Lincoln’s plan  military rule


Abraham lincoln s assassination

Abraham Lincoln’s Assassination


Sec 2 reconstructing the south

Sec. 2: Reconstructing the South

  • Johnson’s Program  President after Lincoln assassinated tried to implement Lincoln’s generous plan but Radical Republicans refused to co-operate

  • White Men & Black Codes  states allowed to create their own laws that denied African Americans many basic rights such as voting or gov’t education


Sec 2 reconstructing the south1

Sec. 2: Reconstructing the South

Presidential Reconstruction

  • The North Responds  April 1866 Congress passed the Civil Rights Bill giving citizenship to African Americans and all the rights entailed

  • The Fourteenth Amendment  defined citizenship to include African Americans who were guaranteed equal protection under the law


Sec 2 reconstructing the south2

Sec. 2: Reconstructing the South

Radical Reconstruction

  • Reconstruction Plans  appreciative African Americans would vote for Radical Republicans

  • Reconstruction Legislation  March 1867 Reconstruction Act passed putting the South under five district military rule until the states gave African Americans the right to vote


Sec 2 reconstructing the south3

Sec. 2: Reconstructing the South

Carpetbag Government

 Scalawags (Union sympathizers) and carpetbaggers (Northerners) despised

  • The Radicals in Power  reduce Pres. power

  • Challenging the Tenure Law  Pres. Johnson twice fired Edwin Stanton a supporter of Radicals


Sec 2 reconstructing the south4

Sec. 2: Reconstructing the South

Carpetbag Government

  • Johnson Impeached  May 16, 1868 Senate voted 35 to 19 to convict Pres, one vote shy

  • The 1868 Election  General Grant won as a Radical Republican to become new President


Andrew johnson ulysses s grant

Andrew Johnson & Ulysses S Grant


Sec 3 restoring southern power pgs 453 56

Sec. 3: Restoring Southern Power(pgs. 453 – 56)

Opponents of Reconstruction set up secret societies (e.g. KKK)  wore out Radicals

The Compromise of 1877

  • Electoral Commission  disputed Pres vote in 1876 given to Republican candidate Hayes

  • Reaching an Agreement  Democrats outraged so Republicans promised South power, funds and removal of federal troops


Sec 3 restoring southern power

Sec. 3: Restoring Southern Power

After Reconstruction

  • Segregation  separation of races made legal by Supreme Court ruling Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional  Jim Crow laws follow

  • The “New South”  industrialization with Northern financing brought railroads, factories

  • Few Gains for African Americans  temporary gains soon gone with economic slavery


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Civil War devastated the South but in the long run the abolition of slavery helped the South to industrialize and diversify its economy

  • Unfortunately it would take another 100 years for African Americans to gain political and economic equality


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