Inorganic nomenclature
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Inorganic Nomenclature. Ions. atoms or groups of atoms that have gained or lost electrons. cation -- positive ion anion -- negative ion. Ionic Compounds.

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Inorganic Nomenclature

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Inorganic nomenclature

Inorganic Nomenclature


Inorganic nomenclature

Ions

  • atoms or groups of atoms that have gained or lost electrons.

  • cation -- positive ion

  • anion -- negative ion


Ionic compounds

Ionic Compounds

  • Neutral compounds which are formed when anions and cations come together in ratios that balance the positive and negative charges. (Form formula units)


Formula unit

Formula Unit

  • The smallest representative unit of an ionic compound.


Common monatomic ions

Common monatomic ions

  • H+

  • Li+ Be+2N-3O-2F-

  • Na+ Mg+2 Al+3P-3S-2Cl-

  • K+ Ca+2 Zn+2As-3Se-2Br-

  • Rb+ Sr+2Ag+Cd+2Te-2I-

  • Cs+ Ra+2


Cation names element name

Cation names = element name

  • Na+sodium ion

  • Ca2+calcium ion

  • Co3+cobalt(III) ion

  • Co2+cobalt(II) ion

    • for transition metals or other metals with variable oxidation states use roman numerals to designate charge.


Anion names elementide ion

Anion names = elementide ion

  • N3-nitrogen nitride ion

  • O2-oxygen oxide ion

  • S2-sulfur sulfide ion

  • Cl-chlorine chloride ion


Compound formation

Compound formation

  • Ions will combine in such a way as to neutralize charges


Inorganic nomenclature

  • calcium + bromine


Inorganic nomenclature

  • calcium + bromine  Ca+2 + Br- CaBr2

  • calcium bromide


Inorganic nomenclature

  • silver + oxygen


Inorganic nomenclature

  • silver + oxygen  Ag+ + O-2 Ag2O

  • silver oxide


Inorganic nomenclature

  • potassium + chlorine


Inorganic nomenclature

  • potassium + chlorine  K+ + Cl- KCl

  • potassium chloride


Inorganic nomenclature

  • aluminum + oxygen


Inorganic nomenclature

  • aluminum + oxygen  Al+3 + O-2 Al2O3

  • aluminum oxide


Latin names for cations

Latin names for cations

  • Copper(I) = cuprous = Cu+

  • Copper(II) = cupric = Cu+2

  • Iron(II) = ferrous = Fe+2

  • Iron(III) = ferric Fe+3

  • Tin(II) = stannous = Sn+2

  • Tin(IV) = stannic = Sn+4


Name to formula

Name to Formula

  • Chromium(II)chloride

  • Cadmium nitride

  • Potassium bromide

  • Cuprous sulfide

  • Silver oxide


Name to formula1

Name to Formula

  • Chromium(II)chloride - CrCl2

  • Cadmium nitride - Cd3N2

  • Potassium bromide - KBr

  • Cuprous sulfide - Cu2S

  • Silver oxide - Ag2O


Formula to name

Formula to Name

  • Na3N

  • FeCl3

  • Ca3P2

  • CdO

  • LiI


Formula to name1

Formula to Name

  • Na3N - sodium nitride

  • FeCl3 - iron(III) chloride

  • Ca3P2 - calcium phosphide

  • CdO - cadmium oxide

  • LiI - lithium iodide


Binary covalent compounds

Binary covalent compounds

  • mono1hexa6

  • di2hepta7

  • tri3octa8

  • tetra4nona9

  • penta5deca10


Inorganic nomenclature

  • CO2carbon dioxide

  • CO

  • NO

  • SO2

  • PCl5

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


Inorganic nomenclature

  • CO2carbon dioxide

  • COcarbon monoxide

  • NO

  • SO2

  • PCl5

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


Inorganic nomenclature

  • CO2carbon dioxide

  • COcarbon monoxide

  • NOnitrogen monoxide

  • SO2

  • PCl5

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


Inorganic nomenclature

  • CO2carbon dioxide

  • COcarbon monoxide

  • NOnitrogen monoxide

  • SO2sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


Inorganic nomenclature

  • CO2carbon dioxide

  • COcarbon monoxide

  • NOnitrogen monoxide

  • SO2sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


Inorganic nomenclature

  • CO2carbon dioxide

  • COcarbon monoxide

  • NOnitrogen monoxide

  • SO2sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride

  • Br3O8tribromine octaoxide

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


Inorganic nomenclature

  • CO2carbon dioxide

  • COcarbon monoxide

  • NOnitrogen monoxide

  • SO2sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride

  • Br3O8tribromine octaoxide

  • N2Odinitrogen oxide

  • Sb2S5


Inorganic nomenclature

  • CO2carbon dioxide

  • COcarbon monoxide

  • NOnitrogen monoxide

  • SO2sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride

  • Br3O8tribromine octaoxide

  • N2Odinitrogen oxide

  • Sb2S5diantimony pentasulfide


Ternary ate anions

Ternary “ate” anions

  • Ions inside Mississippi

    • contain 4 oxygen atoms.

  • Ions outside Mississippi

    • contain 3 oxygen atoms

  • look at charge trends


  • Formula to name2

    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 -

    • Na2SO4 -

    • Mg3(PO4)2 -

    • Al(BrO3)3 -


    Formula to name3

    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate

    • Na2SO4 -

    • Mg3(PO4)2 -

    • Al(BrO3)3 -


    Formula to name4

    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate

    • Na2SO4 - sodium sulfate

    • Mg3(PO4)2 -

    • Al(BrO3)3 -


    Formula to name5

    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate

    • Na2SO4 - sodium sulfate

    • Mg3(PO4)2 - magnesium phosphate

    • Al(BrO3)3 -


    Formula to name6

    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate

    • Na2SO4 - sodium sulfate

    • Mg3(PO4)2 - magnesium phosphate

    • Al(BrO3)3 - aluminum bromate


    Name to formula2

    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate -

    • potassium iodate -

    • aluminum carbonate -

    • calcium borate -

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula3

    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate -

    • aluminum carbonate -

    • calcium borate -

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula4

    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate - KIO3

    • aluminum carbonate -

    • calcium borate -

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula5

    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate - KIO3

    • aluminum carbonate - Al2(CO3)3

    • calcium borate -

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula6

    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate - KIO3

    • aluminum carbonate - Al2(CO3)3

    • calcium borate - Ca3(BO3)2

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula7

    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate - KIO3

    • aluminum carbonate - Al2(CO3)3

    • calcium borate - Ca3(BO3)2

    • cuprous sulfate - Cu2SO4


    Ternary ite ions

    Ternary “ite” ions

    • “Ite” ions = “ate” ions less 1 oxygen

    • all else remains the same


    Formula to name7

    Formula to name

    • K3PO3-

    • Mg3(BO3)2-

    • Al(ClO2)3 -

    • Fe(IO3)3 -


    Formula to name8

    Formula to name

    • K3PO3- potassium phosphite

    • Mg3(BO3)2-

    • Al(ClO2)3 -

    • Fe(IO3)3 -


    Formula to name9

    Formula to name

    • K3PO3- potassium phosphite

    • Mg3(BO3)2- magnesium borate

    • Al(ClO2)3 -

    • Fe(IO3)3 -


    Formula to name10

    Formula to name

    • K3PO3- potassium phosphite

    • Mg3(BO3)2- magnesium borate

    • Al(ClO2)3 - aluminum chlorite

    • Fe(IO3)3 -


    Formula to name11

    Formula to name

    • K3PO3- potassium phosphite

    • Mg3(BO3)2- magnesium borate

    • Al(ClO2)3 - aluminum chlorite

    • Fe(IO3)3 - ferric iodate or iron(III) iodate


    Name to formula8

    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite -

    • Beryllium carbonate -

    • Aluminum oxide -

    • Lithium nitrite -

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula9

    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate -

    • Aluminum oxide -

    • Lithium nitrite -

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula10

    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3

    • Aluminum oxide -

    • Lithium nitrite -

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula11

    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3

    • Aluminum oxide - Al2O3

    • Lithium nitrite -

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula12

    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3

    • Aluminum oxide - Al2O3

    • Lithium nitrite - LiNO2

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula13

    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3

    • Aluminum oxide - Al2O3

    • Lithium nitrite - LiNO2

    • Chromium(III)sulfate - Cr2(SO4)3


    Hypo ites and per ates

    “Hypo--ites” and “per--ates”

    • Hypo -- ite = ite - 1 oxygen

    • Per -- ate = ate + 1 oxygen

      • perchlorateClO4-1

      • chlorateClO3-1

      • chloriteClO2-1

      • hypochloriteClO-1


    Ions to memorize

    Ions to memorize

    • ammoniumNH4+1

    • acetateC2H3O2-1

    • hydroxideOH-1

    • cyanideCN-1

    • permanganateMnO4-1


    Formula to name12

    Formula to name

    • NaBrO -

    • Cr(OH)2 -

    • (NH4)2SO3 -

    • LiIO4 -

    • Mg(ClO3)2-


    Formula to name13

    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 -

    • (NH4)2SO3 -

    • LiIO4 -

    • Mg(ClO3)2-


    Formula to name14

    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide

    • (NH4)2SO3 -

    • LiIO4 -

    • Mg(ClO3)2-


    Formula to name15

    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide

    • (NH4)2SO3 - ammonium sulfite

    • LiIO4 -

    • Mg(ClO3)2-


    Formula to name16

    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide

    • (NH4)2SO3 - ammonium sulfite

    • LiIO4 - lithium periodate

    • Mg(ClO3)2-


    Formula to name17

    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide

    • (NH4)2SO3 - ammonium sulfite

    • LiIO4 - lithium periodate

    • Mg(ClO3)2- magnesium chlorate


    Name to formula14

    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate -

    • calcium permanganate -

    • ammonium cyanide -

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -


    Name to formula15

    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3

    • calcium permanganate -

    • ammonium cyanide -

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -


    Name to formula16

    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3

    • calcium permanganate -Ca(MnO4)2

    • ammonium cyanide -

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -


    Name to formula17

    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3

    • calcium permanganate -Ca(MnO4)2

    • ammonium cyanide - NH4CN

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -


    Name to formula18

    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3

    • calcium permanganate -Ca(MnO4)2

    • ammonium cyanide - NH4CN

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite - Co(ClO)2


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