Inorganic nomenclature
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Inorganic Nomenclature. Ions. atoms or groups of atoms that have gained or lost electrons. cation -- positive ion anion -- negative ion. Ionic Compounds.

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Ions

  • atoms or groups of atoms that have gained or lost electrons.

  • cation -- positive ion

  • anion -- negative ion


Ionic compounds
Ionic Compounds

  • Neutral compounds which are formed when anions and cations come together in ratios that balance the positive and negative charges. (Form formula units)


Formula unit
Formula Unit

  • The smallest representative unit of an ionic compound.


Common monatomic ions
Common monatomic ions

  • H+

  • Li+ Be+2 N-3 O-2 F-

  • Na+ Mg+2 Al+3 P-3 S-2 Cl-

  • K+ Ca+2 Zn+2 As-3 Se-2 Br-

  • Rb+ Sr+2 Ag+ Cd+2 Te-2 I-

  • Cs+ Ra+2


Cation names element name
Cation names = element name

  • Na+ sodium ion

  • Ca2+ calcium ion

  • Co3+ cobalt(III) ion

  • Co2+ cobalt(II) ion

    • for transition metals or other metals with variable oxidation states use roman numerals to designate charge.


Anion names elementide ion
Anion names = elementide ion

  • N3- nitrogen  nitride ion

  • O2- oxygen  oxide ion

  • S2- sulfur  sulfide ion

  • Cl- chlorine  chloride ion


Compound formation
Compound formation

  • Ions will combine in such a way as to neutralize charges










Latin names for cations
Latin names for cations

  • Copper(I) = cuprous = Cu+

  • Copper(II) = cupric = Cu+2

  • Iron(II) = ferrous = Fe+2

  • Iron(III) = ferric Fe+3

  • Tin(II) = stannous = Sn+2

  • Tin(IV) = stannic = Sn+4


Name to formula
Name to Formula

  • Chromium(II)chloride

  • Cadmium nitride

  • Potassium bromide

  • Cuprous sulfide

  • Silver oxide


Name to formula1
Name to Formula

  • Chromium(II)chloride - CrCl2

  • Cadmium nitride - Cd3N2

  • Potassium bromide - KBr

  • Cuprous sulfide - Cu2S

  • Silver oxide - Ag2O


Formula to name
Formula to Name

  • Na3N

  • FeCl3

  • Ca3P2

  • CdO

  • LiI


Formula to name1
Formula to Name

  • Na3N - sodium nitride

  • FeCl3 - iron(III) chloride

  • Ca3P2 - calcium phosphide

  • CdO - cadmium oxide

  • LiI - lithium iodide


Binary covalent compounds
Binary covalent compounds

  • mono 1 hexa 6

  • di 2 hepta 7

  • tri 3 octa 8

  • tetra 4 nona 9

  • penta 5 deca 10


  • CO2 carbon dioxide

  • CO

  • NO

  • SO2

  • PCl5

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


  • CO2 carbon dioxide

  • CO carbon monoxide

  • NO

  • SO2

  • PCl5

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


  • CO2 carbon dioxide

  • CO carbon monoxide

  • NO nitrogen monoxide

  • SO2

  • PCl5

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


  • CO2 carbon dioxide

  • CO carbon monoxide

  • NO nitrogen monoxide

  • SO2 sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


  • CO2 carbon dioxide

  • CO carbon monoxide

  • NO nitrogen monoxide

  • SO2 sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5 phosphorous pentachloride

  • Br3O8

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


  • CO2 carbon dioxide

  • CO carbon monoxide

  • NO nitrogen monoxide

  • SO2 sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride

  • Br3O8 tribromine octaoxide

  • N2O

  • Sb2S5


  • CO2 carbon dioxide

  • CO carbon monoxide

  • NO nitrogen monoxide

  • SO2 sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride

  • Br3O8 tribromine octaoxide

  • N2O dinitrogen oxide

  • Sb2S5


  • CO2 carbon dioxide

  • CO carbon monoxide

  • NO nitrogen monoxide

  • SO2 sulfur dioxide

  • PCl5phosphorous pentachloride

  • Br3O8 tribromine octaoxide

  • N2O dinitrogen oxide

  • Sb2S5 diantimony pentasulfide


Ternary ate anions
Ternary “ate” anions

  • Ions inside Mississippi

    • contain 4 oxygen atoms.

  • Ions outside Mississippi

    • contain 3 oxygen atoms

  • look at charge trends


  • Formula to name2
    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 -

    • Na2SO4 -

    • Mg3(PO4)2 -

    • Al(BrO3)3 -


    Formula to name3
    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate

    • Na2SO4 -

    • Mg3(PO4)2 -

    • Al(BrO3)3 -


    Formula to name4
    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate

    • Na2SO4 - sodium sulfate

    • Mg3(PO4)2 -

    • Al(BrO3)3 -


    Formula to name5
    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate

    • Na2SO4 - sodium sulfate

    • Mg3(PO4)2 - magnesium phosphate

    • Al(BrO3)3 -


    Formula to name6
    Formula to name

    • Ca(ClO3)2 - calcium chlorate

    • Na2SO4 - sodium sulfate

    • Mg3(PO4)2 - magnesium phosphate

    • Al(BrO3)3 - aluminum bromate


    Name to formula2
    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate -

    • potassium iodate -

    • aluminum carbonate -

    • calcium borate -

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula3
    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate -

    • aluminum carbonate -

    • calcium borate -

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula4
    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate - KIO3

    • aluminum carbonate -

    • calcium borate -

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula5
    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate - KIO3

    • aluminum carbonate - Al2(CO3)3

    • calcium borate -

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula6
    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate - KIO3

    • aluminum carbonate - Al2(CO3)3

    • calcium borate - Ca3(BO3)2

    • cuprous sulfate -


    Name to formula7
    Name to formula

    • lithium selenate - Li2SeO4

    • potassium iodate - KIO3

    • aluminum carbonate - Al2(CO3)3

    • calcium borate - Ca3(BO3)2

    • cuprous sulfate - Cu2SO4


    Ternary ite ions
    Ternary “ite” ions

    • “Ite” ions = “ate” ions less 1 oxygen

    • all else remains the same


    Formula to name7
    Formula to name

    • K3PO3 -

    • Mg3(BO3)2 -

    • Al(ClO2)3 -

    • Fe(IO3)3 -


    Formula to name8
    Formula to name

    • K3PO3 - potassium phosphite

    • Mg3(BO3)2 -

    • Al(ClO2)3 -

    • Fe(IO3)3 -


    Formula to name9
    Formula to name

    • K3PO3 - potassium phosphite

    • Mg3(BO3)2 - magnesium borate

    • Al(ClO2)3 -

    • Fe(IO3)3 -


    Formula to name10
    Formula to name

    • K3PO3 - potassium phosphite

    • Mg3(BO3)2 - magnesium borate

    • Al(ClO2)3 - aluminum chlorite

    • Fe(IO3)3 -


    Formula to name11
    Formula to name

    • K3PO3 - potassium phosphite

    • Mg3(BO3)2 - magnesium borate

    • Al(ClO2)3 - aluminum chlorite

    • Fe(IO3)3 - ferric iodate or iron(III) iodate


    Name to formula8
    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite -

    • Beryllium carbonate -

    • Aluminum oxide -

    • Lithium nitrite -

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula9
    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate -

    • Aluminum oxide -

    • Lithium nitrite -

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula10
    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3

    • Aluminum oxide -

    • Lithium nitrite -

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula11
    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3

    • Aluminum oxide - Al2O3

    • Lithium nitrite -

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula12
    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3

    • Aluminum oxide - Al2O3

    • Lithium nitrite - LiNO2

    • Chromium(III)sulfate -


    Name to formula13
    Name to formula

    • Strontium sulfite - SrSO3

    • Beryllium carbonate - BeCO3

    • Aluminum oxide - Al2O3

    • Lithium nitrite - LiNO2

    • Chromium(III)sulfate - Cr2(SO4)3


    Hypo ites and per ates
    “Hypo--ites” and “per--ates”

    • Hypo -- ite = ite - 1 oxygen

    • Per -- ate = ate + 1 oxygen

      • perchlorate ClO4-1

      • chlorate ClO3-1

      • chlorite ClO2-1

      • hypochlorite ClO-1


    Ions to memorize
    Ions to memorize

    • ammonium NH4+1

    • acetate C2H3O2-1

    • hydroxide OH-1

    • cyanide CN-1

    • permanganate MnO4-1


    Formula to name12
    Formula to name

    • NaBrO -

    • Cr(OH)2 -

    • (NH4)2SO3 -

    • LiIO4 -

    • Mg(ClO3)2 -


    Formula to name13
    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 -

    • (NH4)2SO3 -

    • LiIO4 -

    • Mg(ClO3)2 -


    Formula to name14
    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide

    • (NH4)2SO3 -

    • LiIO4 -

    • Mg(ClO3)2-


    Formula to name15
    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide

    • (NH4)2SO3 - ammonium sulfite

    • LiIO4 -

    • Mg(ClO3)2 -


    Formula to name16
    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide

    • (NH4)2SO3 - ammonium sulfite

    • LiIO4 - lithium periodate

    • Mg(ClO3)2 -


    Formula to name17
    Formula to name

    • NaBrO - sodium hypobromite

    • Cr(OH)2 - chromium(II) hydroxide

    • (NH4)2SO3 - ammonium sulfite

    • LiIO4 - lithium periodate

    • Mg(ClO3)2 - magnesium chlorate


    Name to formula14
    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate -

    • calcium permanganate -

    • ammonium cyanide -

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -


    Name to formula15
    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3

    • calcium permanganate -

    • ammonium cyanide -

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -


    Name to formula16
    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3

    • calcium permanganate -Ca(MnO4)2

    • ammonium cyanide -

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -


    Name to formula17
    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3

    • calcium permanganate -Ca(MnO4)2

    • ammonium cyanide - NH4CN

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite -


    Name to formula18
    Name to formula

    • Ferric perbromate - Fe(BrO4)3

    • calcium permanganate -Ca(MnO4)2

    • ammonium cyanide - NH4CN

    • cobalt(II)hypochlorite - Co(ClO)2


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