Middle and southern colonies
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Middle and Southern Colonies. Section 2.4. Main Idea. Events in England during and after the English Civil War led to a new wave of colonization along the Atlantic coast south of New England. New Era of Colonization. England was gripped by a civil war during the 1640s.

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Middle and Southern Colonies

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Middle and southern colonies

Middle and Southern Colonies

Section 2.4


Main idea

Main Idea

  • Events in England during and after the English Civil War led to a new wave of colonization along the Atlantic coast south of New England.


New era of colonization

New Era of Colonization

  • England was gripped by a civil war during the 1640s.

  • The era afterward became known as the Restoration.

  • During this time new colonies were created in NA.

  • The king granted large areas of land to those who had supported him.

  • These became proprietary colonies; the person granted the land had executive power over them.


New york

New York

  • NY was originally colonized by the Dutch (named New Amsterdam).

  • In 1664 the English took over and renamed it.

  • NY was similar to RI in that it allowed for religious toleration.

  • The great port and central location would help NY become a huge city with time.


Ny before and after

NY: Before and After


Carolina

Carolina

  • Originally one colony, but the north and south differed.

  • In southern Carolina, a great port and warm weather allowed Charleston to become a great city.

  • Riceand indigo production lead to lots of plantation, and slaves.

  • Northern Carolina developed slowly, small farmers settled.

  • Eventually the two sections separated in 1729.


Old carolina

Old Carolina


Georgia

Georgia

  • This area was originally a buffer between Carolina and Spanish Florida.

  • James Oglethorpe received royal permission to settle Georgia with debtors (those that owed money) from English prisons.


Quakers

Quakers

  • Another group of Protestants wished to start anew in NA.

  • Quakers believe in direct communication with God, they held simple meetings with no priests, rather a member of the congregation would stand and speak for a time.

  • Quakers also believed in equality of all men and women (no slavery, nice to AI) and were pacifists.

  • William Penn founded Pennsylvania as a religious refuge for Quakers and other Christian groups.


Quakers1

Quakers


Maryland

Maryland

  • Founded by Lord Baltimore as a refuge for Catholics.

  • Over time more Protestants migrated to Maryland.

  • Conflict over religion lead to the Toleration Act, which protected the rights of all Christians in Maryland.


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