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Middle and Southern Colonies. Section 2.4. Main Idea. Events in England during and after the English Civil War led to a new wave of colonization along the Atlantic coast south of New England. New Era of Colonization. England was gripped by a civil war during the 1640s.

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Presentation Transcript
main idea
Main Idea
  • Events in England during and after the English Civil War led to a new wave of colonization along the Atlantic coast south of New England.
new era of colonization
New Era of Colonization
  • England was gripped by a civil war during the 1640s.
  • The era afterward became known as the Restoration.
  • During this time new colonies were created in NA.
  • The king granted large areas of land to those who had supported him.
  • These became proprietary colonies; the person granted the land had executive power over them.
new york
New York
  • NY was originally colonized by the Dutch (named New Amsterdam).
  • In 1664 the English took over and renamed it.
  • NY was similar to RI in that it allowed for religious toleration.
  • The great port and central location would help NY become a huge city with time.
carolina
Carolina
  • Originally one colony, but the north and south differed.
  • In southern Carolina, a great port and warm weather allowed Charleston to become a great city.
  • Riceand indigo production lead to lots of plantation, and slaves.
  • Northern Carolina developed slowly, small farmers settled.
  • Eventually the two sections separated in 1729.
georgia
Georgia
  • This area was originally a buffer between Carolina and Spanish Florida.
  • James Oglethorpe received royal permission to settle Georgia with debtors (those that owed money) from English prisons.
quakers
Quakers
  • Another group of Protestants wished to start anew in NA.
  • Quakers believe in direct communication with God, they held simple meetings with no priests, rather a member of the congregation would stand and speak for a time.
  • Quakers also believed in equality of all men and women (no slavery, nice to AI) and were pacifists.
  • William Penn founded Pennsylvania as a religious refuge for Quakers and other Christian groups.
maryland
Maryland
  • Founded by Lord Baltimore as a refuge for Catholics.
  • Over time more Protestants migrated to Maryland.
  • Conflict over religion lead to the Toleration Act, which protected the rights of all Christians in Maryland.
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