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WHAT CANADIAN MILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES IN THE FUTURE WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVE. A Conference hosted by the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies < www.cfps.dal.ca > Dalhousie University, 10-12 June 2005 Maritime Security: Comparison of National Approaches Captain(N) Peter Avis

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What canadian military and security forces in the future world a maritime perspective l.jpg
WHAT CANADIAN MILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES IN THE FUTURE WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVE

A Conference hosted by the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies <www.cfps.dal.ca> Dalhousie University, 10-12 June 2005

Maritime Security: Comparison of

National Approaches

Captain(N) Peter Avis

Privy Council Office, Canada


Maritime security comparison of national approaches l.jpg
Maritime Security – Comparison of National Approaches WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVE

2005 MARITIME CONFERENCE - Halifax

Captain(N) Peter Avis

Dalhousie Centre of Foreign Policy Studies

Research Fellow


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Key Activities – New Era WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVE

  • -- National Security – State of Being

  • -- Maritime Security – Address Challenges

  •  DOMAIN AWARENESS

  •  SAFEGUARDING

  •  RESPONSIVENESS

  •  COLLABORATION


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Methodology WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVE– Best Practices

  • Three Case Studies – Australia, the Netherlands, and Norway

  • Four Key Activities – Filter

  • Best Practices –

    • Success over time

    • Recognized positive outcome

    • Local importance to Canada


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AUSTRALIA: WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVEMARITIME PERSPECTIVE


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THE NETHERLANDS – MARITIME PERSPECTIVE WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVE


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NORWAY – MARITIME PERSPECTIVE WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVE


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COLLABORATION – BEST PRACTICES WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVESUCCESSFUL OVER TIME; SHOW A RECOGNIZED POSITIVE OUTCOME; AND HAVE LOCAL IMPORTANCE TO CANADA

  • “WHOLE-OF-GOVERNMENT” APPROACH(AUS)

  • COMMON RISK-ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY (CRAM) (AUS)

  • THE INTERNATIONAL DELIBERATIONS OVER NORTH SEA GOVERNANCE (IDON)

    (NETH)


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DOMAIN AWARENESS – BEST PRACTICES WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVESUCCESSFUL OVER TIME; SHOW A RECOGNIZED POSITIVE OUTCOME; AND HAVE LOCAL IMPORTANCE TO CANADA

  • EMPHASIS ON COASTWATCH CIVILIAN AIR CONTRACT SERVICES (AUS)

  • AUSTRALIAN SECRET INTELLIGENCE SERVICE (AUS)


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SAFEGUARDING – BEST PRACTICE WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVESUCCESSFUL OVER TIME; SHOW A RECOGNIZED POSITIVE OUTCOME; AND HAVE LOCAL IMPORTANCE TO CANADA

  • SPECIALIZED FEDERAL POLICE FORCE USED SPECIFICALLY IN THE MUNICIPAL JURISDICTION OF ROTTERDAM (NETH)

    • THE ROTTERDAM-RIJNMOND SEAPORT POLICE


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RESPONSIVENESS – BEST PRACTICE WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVESUCCESSFUL OVER TIME; SHOW A RECOGNIZED POSITIVE OUTCOME; AND HAVE LOCAL IMPORTANCE TO CANADA

  • ELITE POLICE RESPONSE UNITS (NOR)

    • COMBINATION OF THE FEDERALLY-CONTROLLED DELTA FORCE WITH SPECIALLY-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS IN ALL REGIONS

    • CROSS-TRAINING WITH THE MILITARY SPECIAL FORCES KNOWN AS FSK ENSURES THAT TACTICAL HAND-OFFS TO WORLD-CLASS OPERATIVES


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National Perception of Threat => WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVENational Response

  • Direct Threat => Preventive

  • Indirect Threat => Reactive

  • To achieve Preventive strategy

  • on the National level, one must

  • solidify national perception of

  • direct threat to interests and

  • values

  • Education => Government,

  • Academia, Media


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CONCLUSIONS WORLD? A MARITIME PERSPECTIVE

  • Preventive Strategy related to National Perception of Direct Threat

  • Debate over Civil Rights vs National Security crucial for adapting information sharing to the new battlespace (Bill C-36 review)

  • Canadians need to know more => Canadian terrorist battlespace

  • Maritime Security Strategy => integrated ocean governance, social pillars

  • Comparison of like-minded countries can lead to Best Practices

  • that inform Canadian Maritime Security Strategy


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