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Traffic Congestion. Cause and Effect Essay. Introduction. Three sentences 2: Two background sentences 1: “This essay will discuss…” . Introduction: Background. Two sentences Describe the current situation or Describe the past and present or Give one side and the other side.

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traffic congestion

Traffic Congestion

Cause and Effect Essay

introduction
Introduction
  • Three sentences
    • 2: Two background sentences
    • 1: “This essay will discuss…”
introduction background
Introduction: Background
  • Two sentences
    • Describe the current situation or
    • Describe the past and present or
    • Give one side and the other side
introduction background ex 1
Introduction: Background Ex.1

Describe the current situation

Abu Dhabi is a modern city, but it faces a modern problem. Every morning and evening, the streets are crowded with cars, taxis and trucks.

introduction background ex 2
Introduction: Background Ex.2

Describe the past and present

Thirty years ago there were only a handful of cars in the dusty town of Abu Dhabi. Today, the streets are bumper-to-bumper with modern 4WD vehicles, luxury saloons, and taxis.

introduction background ex 3
Introduction: Background Ex.3

Give one side and the other side

Abu Dhabi is one of the most highly developed cities in the Arab world. However, traffic congestion is a serious problem.

introduction thesis
Introduction: Thesis

Thesis: Say what the essay will do

This essay will examine the causes of traffic congestion in Abu Dhabi and look at some of the effects.

discuss, analyze, examine, describe, outline, look at, mention, illustrate, review, explore, investigate…

sample introduction
Sample Introduction

Abu Dhabi is a modern city, but it also has a modern problem. Every morning and evening, the streets are crowded with cars, taxis and trucks. This essay will examine the causes of traffic congestion in Abu Dhabi and look at some of the effects.

causes
Causes

Seven sentences (approx.)

  • Opening sentence (Topic)
  • Cause 1, more information
  • Cause 2, more information
  • Cause 3, more information
causes topic sentences
Causes: Topic Sentences
  • Several factors have contributed to Abu Dhabi’s traffic problems.
  • Abu Dhabi’s gridlock is the result of several factors.
  • There are several reasons for Abu Dhabi’s traffic problems.

Specify! Don’t use pronouns like This or It in the opening.

causes1
Causes
  • No trains, trams, buses, metro, etc (poor public transport infrastructure)
  • Too many taxis
  • Everybody can afford a car due to rapid economic growth
  • Road building cannot keep up
  • Rapid population growth
  • Limited space on the island
  • High temperatures
  • Children cannot walk to school
  • No staggered hours
causes sample 1
Causes: Sample 1

One of the main causes of congestion is the high number of cars. Because of the emirate’s rapid economic growth, most residents can afford private vehicles.

causes sample 2
Causes: Sample 2

Another contributing factor is the lack of a public transport infrastructure. The absence of buses, trains, or an underground forces residents to rely on cars or taxis.

causes sample 3
Causes: Sample 3

The road system is another cause of congestion. Although the roads are highly developed, planners have not been able to keep up with the rapid expansion of the population. Frequent road works also lead to delays.

effects
Effects

Seven sentences (approx.)

  • Opening sentence (Topic)
  • Effect 1, more information
  • Effect 2, more information
  • Effect 3, more information
effects1
Effects
  • Higher levels of anger and frustration
  • More air pollution due to emissions
  • Increased noise pollution
  • More wasted time, delays at work and at school or when doing errands
  • Reduced productivity
  • Less pleasant environment
  • Higher motoring costs (wasted fuel)
effects topic sentences
Effects: Topic Sentences
  • This congestion has several adverse effects.
  • Abu Dhabi’s traffic affects the city in various ways.
  • Traffic jams have many negative consequences for the city.

Specify! Don’t use pronouns like This or It in the opening.

effects sample 1
Effects: Sample 1

The biggest effect is increased anger and frustration. Commuters and shoppers experience delays, resulting in tension and stress as they sit in traffic. This can even lead to increased accident rates.

effects sample 2
Effects: Sample 2

Another adverse effect is on the environment. Air quality declines as vehicle emissions rise. Noise levels also increase. In general, the city becomes a less pleasant place to live or work.

effects sample 3
Effects: Sample 3

A major effect is on productivity and efficiency. Workers and students are late for work or school. Salesmen and travelers waste hours in traffic jams, leading to lost profits.

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Two or three sentences
    • Summarize the main ideas and/or
    • Give your opinion
  • Look to the Future
conclusion sample 1
Conclusion: Sample 1

Overall, Abu Dhabi’s traffic problems are caused by an over-reliance on private transport and a failure to keep up with the rapidly expanding population. However, the city has shown it can solve problems in the past, and I am confident that it can reduce traffic congestion in the future.

conclusion sample 2
Conclusion: Sample 2

Overall, too many cars for too few road have lead to severe congestion in the city. However, if the municipal authorities encourage residents to use public transport, I am sure Abu Dhabi will continue to be a pleasant city to live in in the future.

traffic congestion1

Traffic Congestion

Cause and Effect Essay

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