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The Old Regimes. History 103 The West and the World. Focus Questions. How did the concepts of “balance of power” and “reason of state” influence international relations in the eighteenth century? What were the causes and results of the Seven Years’ War?

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the old regimes

The Old Regimes

History 103The West and the World

focus questions
Focus Questions
  • How did the concepts of “balance of power” and “reason of state” influence international relations in the eighteenth century? What were the causes and results of the Seven Years’ War?
  • Who were the main groups making up the European social order in the eighteenth century, and how did the conditions in which they lived differ both between groups and between different parts of Europe?
  • What was the relationship among intellectual, political, economic, and social changes in the eighteenth century?
defining characteristics
DefiningCharacteristics
  • Reason vs Revelation
  • Secular
  • Deism
  • Empirical
  • Toleration
    • Freedom of Speech
    • Freedom of Press
    • Religious Freedom
  • Anti-clerical and anti-authoritarian
  • Emphasis upon Education
  • Equality before the Law
  • Cultural Relativism
  • Theory of Progress
slide4

The Spider and the Fly

Class Structure

Rigid System of Privilege

Largely Agricultural

Aristocrats and Clergy

Growing Merchant Class

slide5

Mercantilism

Psychology of Limited Wealth

Amount of Wealth Fixed

Bullion as Measure of Wealth

Focus on State – Not Dynasty

State Monopolies & Subsidies

Role of Colonies

Protectionism

Jean-Baptiste Colbert

1619-1683

Finance Minister of France

slide6

Adam Smith

1723-1790

  • The Wealth of Nations, 1776
  • Economic Liberalism
  • laissez faire
  • The Hidden Hand
  • Theory of Progress
liberalism
LIBERALISM
  • Political Liberalism
  • Economic Liberalism
  • Social Liberalism
slide8

Two Treatises Concerning Government

1689

A Letter Concerning Toleration

1690

John Locke

1632-1704

slide9

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1712-1778

Discourse on the Arts and Sciences, 1750

Discourse on Inequality, 1754

The Social Contract, 1762

“The General Will”

liberalism10
LIBERALISM
  • Political Liberalism
  • Economic Liberalism
  • Social Liberalism
slide12

Louis XV, 1715-1774

Ruler of France, 1715-1774

Louis XV at Five Year of Age

slide14

Rise of Brandenburg-Prussia

Hohenzollern Monarchs

Frederick II, the Great

1712-1786

Frederick William I

1688-1740

slide16

Rise of Russia as a European Power

Catherine the Great

r. 1762-1796

Peter the Great

r. 1682-1725

slide17

The Hapsburgs

War of Austrian Succession

1740-48

Diplomatic Revolution, 1756

Seven Year’s War

1756-1763

Maria Theresa of Austria

r. 1740-1780

development of the atlantic slave trade the triangle trade
Development of the Atlantic slave trade: the triangle trade

Europe: technology

And military power

Slave ship

Slave revolt

Americas:

Land and minerals

Africa: slaves

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