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The Greek City-States PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Greek City-States. Ch. 5 Section 1. Geography. Surrounded by seas Small mountain ranges kept villages separated. Early Greeks. Minoans Arrived on the island of Crete in 2000 B.C. Built a great civilization Volcano erupts and causes tidal waves

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The Greek City-States

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The greek city states l.jpg

The Greek City-States

Ch. 5 Section 1


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Geography

  • Surrounded by seas

  • Small mountain ranges kept villages separated


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Early Greeks

  • Minoans

    • Arrived on the island of Crete in 2000 B.C.

    • Built a great civilization

    • Volcano erupts and causes tidal waves

      • Destroys settlements and weakens Minoan civilization


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Early Greeks

  • Mycenaeans conquered Crete in 1400 B.C.

    • Warlike people

    • Also settled southern Greece

    • Earthquakes and warfare destroyed many cities by 1200 B.C.


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Greek City-States

  • Polis (city)

    • City surrounding a fort

  • Absolutely independent and self-sufficient


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Greek City-States

  • Based on 3 ideas:

    • Geographical territory

    • Community it represented

    • Economic independence it produced


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Greek City-States

  • Similarities

    • Covered small areas of land

      • Athens (smaller than Rhode Island)

      • Sparta (smaller than Connecticut)

      • Large compared to others

    • Small populations (most fewer than 10,000)


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Greek City-States

  • More similarities

    • Original forts created on an acropolis (hill)

    • Each city-state had an agora (marketplace)

      • Served as a meeting place for the people


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Greek City-States

  • Shared a common language and religious ideas

  • Regarded all non-Greeks as barbarians


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Greek City-States

  • All had independent identities

  • Took great pride and loyalty in their polis

  • Each had its own government and laws


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