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The European Neighbourhood Policy. OECD/BSEC Regional Forum on Private Sector Development in the Black Sea Region, Thessaloniki 24-25 February 2005 Andreas Herdina European Commission. Enlargement is changing the European political geography.

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The european neighbourhood policy l.jpg

The European Neighbourhood Policy

OECD/BSEC Regional Forum on Private Sector Development in the Black Sea Region, Thessaloniki 24-25 February 2005

Andreas Herdina European Commission


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Enlargement is changing the European political geography

  • EU’s 5th Enlargement (2004 / 2007) - EU-25 (EU-27)

  • 450 Mio citizens – (new borders)

  • New opportunities – new challenges

  • The enlarged EU needs to intensify relations with its neighbours East & South


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The map of Europe- a set of policies -

  • EFTA / EEA

  • Candidate Countries

  • Western Balkans

  • Neighbours


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What is the ENP?

  • A specific policy for the neighbours of the enlarged EU, defined by proximity

  • … but not countries with an accession perspective (Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Croatia… )

  • Draft Constitutional Treaty (Part I, Title VIII – “The Union and its neighbours”)


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ENP partners

  • Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus

  • Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan

  • Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco

  • Strategic partnership with the Russian Federation


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The EU and its partners


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Russian Federation

  • Strategic partnership – 4 common spaces

  • economic (inc. environment and energy) - promote integration via market opening, regulatory convergence, trade facilitation, infrastructure

  • freedom, security and justice – JHA, human rights and fundamental freedoms

  • external security - partnership on security issues and crisis management

  • research and education (inc. cultural) - capitalise on strong intellectual and cultural heritage

  • Work on common spaces draws on elements of ENP that are of common interest to the EU and Russia


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Designing the ENP


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Content of the policy

  • A joint agenda to manage our common space (EU – neighbourhood)

  • Promote good governance and reform

  • Progressive economic integration; deepening political co-operation

  • Based on specific values and common interests

  • Assistance re-oriented to support reforms


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Common values & interests

  • Democracy, human rights, rule of law; market economy; sustainable development

  • Stability, security, prosperity; joint response to common challenges (border management, prosperity gaps, crime, environment, health, terrorism, etc.)


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Principles

  • ENP is not about enlargement - a distinct policy

  • ENP opens doors and aims to avoid new dividing lines

  • Differentiation

  • Partnership & joint ownership (result of consultations)


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Building on current framework

  • ENP builds on legal and institutional accords (Association Agreements, Partnership and Co-operation Agreements, Barcelona Process, etc.)

  • Established instruments (Association and Co-operation Councils, Committees, sub-Committees) provide mechanisms for promoting and monitoring implementation of Action Plans


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Method

  • Invigorate existing relations

  • Selectively use experience from the enlargement process

  • Gradual approximation with the acquis


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Added value

  • Focused policy approach, bringing all thematic policies into bilateral relations, making “neighbourhood” a special category (focus) in external relations

  • Intensify relations and deeper cooperation

  • Encourage reforms, (economic, political, institutional)

  • Increase financial and technical assistance


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Action plans

  • Key operational instruments

  • Country-specific, political documents

  • Jointly defining agenda on political and economic reforms

  • Short & medium term priorities

  • Guidance for assistance programming


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Action plans – Main areas

  • Political Dialogue and reform

  • Economic and social cooperation and development

  • Trade related issues, market and regulatory reform

  • Co-operation in Justice and Home Affairs

  • Transport, energy, information society, environment, research and development

  • People-to-people contacts, civil society, education, public health


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Financial support

Current:

  • 2000-2006: MEDA €5,3bn, TACIS €3,1bn

  • 2004-2006: Neighbourhood Programmes (cross border)

  • EIB lending (€2bn Med, €500mio Eastern Europe)

    Future:

  • 2007-2013:  European Neighbourhood & Partnership Instrument (ENPI) - policy-driven instrument covering (all) assistance to partners with simplified approach for cross-border co-operation, €13,9bn

  • Technical assistance for institutional capacity building


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Conclusions

  • ENP is an ambitious offer for a new political framework for EU relations with neighbouring states

  • ENP is of mutual, long-term interest

  • ENP is an EU priority, also in the next Financial Perspective 2007-2013

  • EU offers considerable financial and technical assistance

  • How far can we go? – A matter of political will!


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Questions – an impulse for discussion:

  • Is the ENP an attractive means to encourage and sustain reform?

  • ENP – a "Community approach" to external relations (the institutional angle)?

  • Ukraine: The ENP as a policy distinct from EU enlargement – an alternative or a postponed accession perspective?

  • Questions on the "borders of Europe"? Countries of which we know little?

  • One common EU neighbourhood (Eastern Europe, Southern Caucasus, Southern Mediterranean) – European v. national neighbourhood? Eastern dimension? Black Sea?

  • ENP and the Barcelona Process: bilateral v. multilateral, bilateral < or > multilateral, mutually reinforcing?


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ENP – More information

Dedicated web site on Europe server under “Commission – Europe in the World”:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/world/enp/index_en.htm


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