Choice Theory. Development of Choice Theory Concepts of Rational Choice Rationality of Crime Choice Theories of Crime Eliminating Crime and Policy Implications of Choice Theory. The Development of Rational Choice Theory.
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can be controlled by
the fear of
The more severe, certain and swift
the punishment, the greater its ability
to control criminal behavior.
When it cannot prevent a crime, to convince the offender to commit a less serious one.
To prevent all
To prevent a crime
as cheaply as possible.
To ensure that a criminal
uses no more force than
What do others say?
Are Choices Rational?
Are there different
Crime Elimination Strategies
MAJOR PREMISELaw-violating behavioris an event that occurs after offenders weighinformation on theirpersonal needs and thesituational factors involved in the difficulty and risk of committing a crime.
STRENGTHSExplains why high-risk youth do not constantly engage in delinquency acts. Relates theory to delinquency control policy. It is not limited by class or other social variables.
MAJOR PREMISEPeople will commit crime and delinquency if they perceive that the benefits outweigh the risks. Crime is a function of the severity, certainty, and speed of punishment.
STRENGTHSShows the relationship between crime and punishment. Suggests a real solution to crime.
MAJOR PREMISEIf punishment is severe enough, criminals will not repeat their illegal acts.
STRENGTHSProvides a strategy to reduce crime.
Instead of deterring crime, could punishment cause more?
Would it be better to stigmatize offenders?
What do they mean when they say we should use reintegrative shaming?
MAJOR PREMISEKeeping known criminals out of circulation will reduce crime rates.
STRENGTHSRecognizes the role opportunity plays in criminal behavior. Provides solution to chronic offending.
Increasing Perceived Effort1. Target hardening
2. Access control
3. Deflecting offenders
4. Controlling facilitators
Increasing Perceived Risks
5. Entry / exit screening
6. Formal surveillance
7. Surveillance by employees
8. Natural surveillance
Reducing Anticipated Rewards
9. Target removal
10. Identifying property
11. Reducing temptation
12. Denying benefits
Inducing Guilt or Shame
13. Rule setting
14. Strengthening moral condemnation
15. Controlling disinhibitors
16. Facilitating compliance