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Ten Ways to Grow Democracy in the ESL Classroom. Lee Chen Palomar College CATESL 2008 State Conference Presentation. They Said What About Democracy?. Johnny Carson: Democracy means that anyone can grow up to be president, and anyone who doesn't grow up can be _____________.

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Ten Ways to Grow Democracy in the ESL Classroom

Lee Chen

Palomar College

CATESL 2008 State Conference

Presentation


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They Said What About Democracy?

  • Johnny Carson:

    Democracy means that anyone can grow up to be president, and anyone who doesn't grow up can be _____________.

  • Clement Attlee:

    Democracy means government by discussion, but it is only effective if you can stop people ______________.”


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They Said What About Democracy?

  • Edward Abbey:

    Democracy--rule by the people--sounds like a fine thing; we should try it sometime in ______________.


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Serious Points to Ponder

  • George Washington:

    If the freedom of speech is taken away, then dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep, to the slaughter.


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Serious Points to Ponder

  • Franklin Roosevelt:

    If democracy is to survive, it is the task of men of thoughts, as well as men of action, to put aside pride and prejudice; with courage and single-minded devotion—to find the truth and teach the truth that shall keep men free.


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What does it mean to grow democracy in the classroom?

  • Look for content that teaches about democracy and deliver instruction on it whenever possible

  • Allow the students to experience the democratic ways


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

1. Let students jump start the class

  • A question for the teacher

  • One-minute motivator

  • Language-related class opener

  • Brain tease


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

2. Let students teach/explain back

  • 3-step coaching

    • You say; you do

    • You say; they do

    • They say; they do

  • Cartoon recreation

  • Notice grammar in the newspaper, etc.


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

3. Let students come up with authentic teaching materials

  • Topics for discussions

  • Student work as text

  • Community Teaching Method


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

4. Let students help each other

  • Paragraph peer review

  • Audience feedback on team presentations

  • Discussion board

  • Student mentors


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

5. Let students manage themselves

  • Daily class management jobs

  • Classroom rules

  • “Round robin” reading


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

6. Let students vote

  • Student of the week

  • Day or location of tests

  • Reading selections


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

7. Let students participate in and represent their teams

  • Team projects

  • Daily team jobs

  • Radio frequency clickers

  • Cross-word puzzle solving

  • Grammar review workout


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

8. Let students show off

  • Student paper showcase

  • Computer station swaps

  • “Did you know…?”


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

9. Let students speak their mind

  • One-minute feedback on the day’s class

  • Opinion polls on course-related issues

  • www.getfast.ca

  • Anonymous discussion board

  • Exercises for thinking independently, critically, or creatively


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Ten ways to impart democratic principles on a daily basis

10. Let students share their insights and experiences with the world

  • Weblog

  • “Voices of ESL”


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Pedagogy of the Oppressed

  • Paolo Freire:

    The teacher is no longer the only one who teaches. The students, while being taught, also teach. They become jointly responsible for a process in which all grow.


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Democratic Ways in a Classroom

  • share control in class

  • build a community spirit

  • are pedagogically sound

  • create a dynamic environment

  • value and validate student voices

  • develop greater student-centrality

  • bring out humans’ cooperative nature


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Democratic Ways in a Classroom

  • produce self-managed, independent learners

  • serve the students well and create raving fans

  • enhance a more collaborative approach to language teaching

  • change the teacher mentality of having to dictate everything in class

  • engage and empower the students as active partners in the instructional process


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Democratic Ways in a Classroom

  • teach the students to have a say and take a stake in their immediate classes—and, hopefully, in their outside community as well—with the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in a democracy


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Thanks!

Presenter Contact Information:

Lee Chen

Associate Professor

ESL Dept.

Palomar College

[email protected]

http://daphne.palomar.edu/lchen/


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