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Russia. Scandinavia. RUSSIAN HISTORY. 800 A.D. Vikings began settling in Russia. They were often called the “ Rus ” people. Why is most of the Russian Population on the European continent?. The Russian population spread from the Scandinavian Peninsula.

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Russian history l.jpg

Russia

Scandinavia

RUSSIAN HISTORY

800 A.D. Vikings began settling in Russia. They were often called the “Rus” people.


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Why is most of the Russian Population on the European continent?

  • The Russian population spread from the Scandinavian Peninsula.

  • Siberia (Asian side of Russia) is very cold. Life there is very difficult.

  • Better access to the rest of Europe.

  • Better access to water for sea travel/trade.


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Russian History continent?

  • 988 Vladimir I brings Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

  • Ivan IV (the terrible)

    • At age 3 Ivan’s uncles challenged the throne and where all killed by Ivan’s mother. Five years later his mother was poisoned.

    • Named Grand Duke/ Prince at 8 years old

      • Boyar’s (noble class that controlled both lands and armies) could manipulate Ivan so they would have the power.

      • Ivan was always worried about being killed.

    • 1546 Ivan named himself Czar (Tsar) from the Roman word for emperor “Caesar” (about 16 years old)

    • Good – Architecture (Onion Domes)

    • Bad – Killed son, removed eyes, paranoid


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IVAN IV continent?

(the Terrible)


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Russian History Cont. continent?

  • Peter the Great (First Emperor)

    • Spent childhood as joint leader.

      • Grow up with children of Nobility and Common status

      • Fascinated with anything military as a child

    • After becoming Emperor he still spent much of his time in Europe often in disguise, learning as much as he could.

    • 1694 Peter became the Emperor of Russia.

    • Made Nobles cut off their beards and dress more European.

    • Good – Expanded the Russian Empire, Modernized the country and the military, added a navy, simplified the alphabet and calendar, moved capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg (near Baltic Sea).


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PETER continent?

THE GREAT


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Catherine the Great continent?

  • German chosen by Queen Elizabeth (Peter’s daughter)

  • 1762 became Empress of Russia .

  • Continued to reform and modernized Russia

  • Was known for her foreign policy and lavish palace construction.

  • (One for Winter and Summer)


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Russian History continent?

  • 1812 Napoleon (France) invaded Russia.

    • Russia burnt Moscow to the ground and Napoleon knew he was defeated?


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Bolshevik Revolution continent?

  • 1914-1918 WWI (Great Depression)

    • 1917-1918 Bolshevik Revolution

      • Karl Marx “Communist Manifesto” (1848)

    • Vladimir Lenin became first communist leader


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Romanov continent?Royal Family

Bolshevik Propaganda

October 25, 1917

“RED OCTOBER”


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Russian History continent?

  • WWII – Started in 1939 when Hitler broke the Warsaw Pact.

    • Hitler invaded Russia 1941-1945

    • Joseph Stalin – most ruthless of all Russians

    • Russia, Britain, and U.S. were Allied Powers

  • Cold War Begins with the United States – 1945

    • 1949 Soviets gain nuclear power

    • Arms Race between U.S. and U.S.S.R.

    • October 1957 launch Sputnik

    • Containment (Korean War/Vietnam War)

    • 1961 first man in space

  • 1991 Communism Falls


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Yuri Gagarin continent?

April 1961

First man in space

First in Space

October 4, 1957

Launching of SPUTNIK


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THE BERLIN WALL CONSTRUCTION 1961 continent?

Celebration of East Berlin Wall being torn down

Nov. 9, 1989

WHY WAS THE WALL BUILT?


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Post Communism continent?

  • USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) lasted from 1917-1991.

  • Countries formed out of U.S.S.R.

    • -Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia

  • Orthodox Christianity restored

  • Increased Crime

  • Unemployment increases

  • Today there are more billionaires than any other country. What does that mean for the poor population?


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