History of the Iran and Iraq Conflict - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

History of the iran and iraq conflict l.jpg
Download
1 / 41

  • 232 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Travel / Places

History of the Iran and Iraq Conflict. Complete the following on-line Map Quiz of the Middle East and print out a hard copy, put your name on it and submit it for credit. Rethinking Schools - Just For Fun - Map Game Assignment due date is Friday, December 21 st . Iran/Iraq War 1980-1988.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

History of the Iran and Iraq Conflict

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


History of the iran and iraq conflict l.jpg

History of the Iran and Iraq Conflict

  • Complete the following on-line Map Quiz of the Middle East and print out a hard copy, put your name on it and submit it for credit. Rethinking Schools - Just For Fun - Map Game

  • Assignment due date is Friday, December 21st.


Iran iraq war 1980 1988 l.jpg

Iran/Iraq War1980-1988

  • War broke out because of Iraq’s invasion of the Khuzestan (Southern)Territory of Iran.

  • Prior to this, Iran was bombing Iraq and urged the Iraqi people to overthrow Saddam Hussein.

  • Over the course of 8 years, over 1million people died as a result of the fighting between these two countries.

  • Who started it?


The conflict stems from events dated 637 a d l.jpg

The conflict stems from events dated 637 A.D.

  • Arabs (Iraq) successfully invaded Persian (Iran) territory

  • As a result Persian’s converted to Islam, but viewed their conquerors as unsophisticated.


Persians l.jpg

Persians

  • Arabs (Iraq) saw the Persians (Iran) were too effeminate.

  • Persians enjoyed fine wine, banquets and gardens.

  • This attitude never disappeared.


Causes for conflict in 1980 l.jpg

Causes for conflict in 1980

  • Ownership of three tiny islands in the mouth of the Persian Gulf

  • Control of the Shatt Al-Arab

  • Political Ideology: Theocracy vs Dictatorship


Tiny islands l.jpg

Tiny Islands

  • Iran claimed ownership of the Islands based on historical record and in 1971 used force to take control of them from the United Arab Emirates.

  • Iraq denounced the action…


Shatt al arab l.jpg

Shatt Al-Arab

  • Both Iraq and Iran struggled over control of a 127 mile waterway that connects the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers to the Persian Gulf


Politics l.jpg

Iraq was ruled by Saddam Hussein a Sunni Muslim

Saddam Hussein used force to gain compliance of the Sunni, Shia and Kurds living within the country (Dictatorship)

Iran is a Theocracy (Rule by religion).

In the late 1970’s the Shaw or King began to secularize the government and limit the authority of Imams.

Politics


Iran continued l.jpg

Iran Continued

  • The Shaw was overthrown by Ayatollah Khomeini (Sign of God) and encouraged Shia Muslims in Iraq to overthrow Saddam Hussein.


Flashpoint of war l.jpg

Flashpoint of War

  • Saddam believed that Iran could be easily defeated because of turmoil in leadership and invaded the southern region of Iran hoping that the Arabs in the region would rise up against the Ayatollah…


Tomorrow war l.jpg

Tomorrow…War


Advantage iran l.jpg

Advantage Iran

  • Large numbers of teenagers volunteered to fight.

  • Iraq asked for a cease-fire

  • Khomeini refused seeking to “Oust Saddam”


Advantage iraq l.jpg

Advantage Iraq

  • USSR began to supplement Iraq’s Air Force and missile supply

  • In 1985 Iraq adopted a Total War Policy – Any and all targets are viable


Advantage iraq17 l.jpg

Advantage Iraq

  • US normalizes relations with Iraq

  • Don Rumsfeld “Diplomatic relations have been restored in all but name.”


By 1986 87 the ground war stalemated but iraq dominated the air l.jpg

By 1986/87 the ground warstalemated but Iraq dominated the air.


Iran contra affair l.jpg

Article:Iran Contra Affair

Iran-Contra Affair

  • Who were the Contra’s?

  • What did the Boland Amendment enforce?

  • What order did NSA McFarlane receive from President Regan?

  • What does covert and embargo mean?

  • How do the Contra’s in Nicaragua connect to the war in the Middle East?

  • What were the Tower Commissions findings?


War becomes international l.jpg

Iraq

USSR (Supplies)

France (Supplies)

Kuwait (Money)

Iran

“Making the Gulf safe for everyone or no one”

China (Supplies)

USA (Secretly)

War Becomes International


Slide22 l.jpg

UAE and Saudi Arabia experienced attacks on oil refineries


Italy sent mine sweepers to clear the gulf from iran s deployment of floating mines l.jpg

Italy sent mine sweepers to clear the gulf from Iran’s Deployment of floating mines.


Un resolution 598 1987 l.jpg

UN Resolution 598 (1987)

  • Immediate cease fire

  • Reestablish pre-war boundaries

  • Full prisoner exchange

  • Further negotiations with UN.


Iraq immediately accepts resolution iran accepts resolution within a year l.jpg

Iraq immediately accepts resolutionIran accepts resolution within a year


Tomorrow iraq s falling out with kuwait l.jpg

Tomorrow: Iraq’s falling out with Kuwait.


Iraq s invasion of kuwait aug 2 1990 l.jpg

Iraq’s Invasion of KuwaitAug. 2, 1990

  • US Viewpoint

  • Invasion a threat to Saudi Arabia

  • Aggression against a sovereign nation

  • Interrupted oil exports


Why would iraq invade kuwait when two years earlier it was supporting iraq in the war against iran l.jpg

Why would Iraq invade Kuwait when two years earlier, it was supporting Iraq in the war against Iran?

  • Conflict among OPEC Member nations

  • Access to Persian Gulf

  • Horizontal Drilling


Iraq failed to repay loans made to them by kuwait l.jpg

Iraq failed to repay loans made to them by Kuwait.

  • As a result Kuwait increased the export of BPD of oil in violation of OPEC agreements.

  • This lowered the price of oil and further reduced Iraq’s ability to earn income.

Tariq Aziz Quote


Opec organization of petroleum exporting countries l.jpg

OPECOrganization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

  • Stabilize price of oil by restricting the quantity available for purchase

  • Each year member nations agree upon quotas per country to export

  • Refused to interfere


Opec org l.jpg

OPEC.ORG


Iraq then invades saying that they annexed kuwait into iraq l.jpg

Iraq then Invades saying that they annexed Kuwait into Iraq.

  • Mutually beneficial relationship between Iraq and Kuwait

  • However Kuwait asks the UN for assistance in expelling Iraq


Saudi arabia is concerned for their country l.jpg

Saudi Arabia is concerned for their Country


Desert shield l.jpg

Desert Shield

  • Then Secretary of Defense.

  • Saudi Arabia asks for US assistance in defending against an alleged Iraqi Invasion


Al queda l.jpg

Al Queda

  • Osama bin Laden offers the assistance of his group to defend Saudi Arabia

  • Just won a war against the USSR in Afghanistan and believes Iraq will be no problem.


King fahd of saudi arabia l.jpg

King Fahd ofSaudi Arabia

  • Decides to side with the United States.

  • Bin Laden’s reaction?


Operation desert storm l.jpg

Operation Desert Storm


January 16 1991 l.jpg

January 16, 1991

  • Operation Desert Shield morfs into Operation Desert Storm with air raids on Iraq

  • February 24th Ground War is launched

  • 100 hours later, Iraq surrenders.


Environmental crimes l.jpg

Environmental Crimes

  • 723 oil fields set afire

  • 5% of the World’s consumption of oil burned per day

  • 1 to 2 million tons of CO2 entered into the atmosphere a day


No alternative leader no exit strategy l.jpg

No Alternative LeaderNo exit Strategy


  • Login