hazardous materials
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Hazardous Materials

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 92

Hazardous Materials - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 286 Views
  • Uploaded on

Hazardous Materials. Subpart H. Subpart H Standards. 1910.101 Compressed Gases 1910.102 Acetylene 1910.103 Hydrogen 1910.104 Oxygen 1910.105 Nitrous Oxide 1910.106 Flammable and Combustible Liquids. Subpart H Standards.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Hazardous Materials' - daniel_millan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
subpart h standards
Subpart H Standards
  • 1910.101 Compressed Gases
  • 1910.102 Acetylene
  • 1910.103 Hydrogen
  • 1910.104 Oxygen
  • 1910.105 Nitrous Oxide
  • 1910.106 Flammable and Combustible Liquids
subpart h standards3
Subpart H Standards
  • 1910.107 Spray Finishing using Flammable and Combustible Materials
  • 1910.108 Dip Tanks containing Flammable and Combustible Liquids
  • 1910.109 Explosives and Blasting Agents
subpart h standards4
Subpart H Standards
  • 1910.110 Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases
  • 1910.111 Storage and Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia
  • 1910.119 Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals
  • 1910.120 Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
subpart h standards5
Subpart H Standards
  • 1910.123 Dipping and coating operations: Coverage and Definitions
  • 1910.124 General Requirements for Dipping and Coating Operations
subpart h standards6
Subpart H Standards
  • 1910.125 Additional Requirements for Dipping and Coating Operations that use Flammable or Combustible Liquids
  • 1910.126 Additional Requirements for Special Dipping and Coating Operations
definitions
Definitions
  • Hazardous Chemical
  • Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA) term that denotes any chemical that would be a risk to employees if exposed in the work place
definition
Definition
  • Highly Hazardous Chemical
  • OSHA term that denotes any chemical that would posses toxic, reactive, flammable or explosive properties
definitions10
Definitions
  • Aerosol
  • Aerosol shall mean a material which is dispensed from its container as a mist, spray, or foam by a propellant under pressure
definitions11
Definitions
  • Approved
  • Approved shall mean an approved or listed by a national recognized testing laboratory
  • Such as:
    • Underwriters Laboratories (UL) or
    • Factory Mutual (FM)
definitions12
Definitions
  • Boiling Point
  • Boiling point shall mean the boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 14.7 pounds per square inch absolute (psia). The pressure is equivalent to 760 millimeters of mercury (760 mm Hg)
  • Liquid changes into a vapor
definitions13
Definitions
  • Boiling Point
  • At temperatures above the boiling, the pressure of the atmosphere can no longer hold the liquid in the liquid state and bubbles begin to form.
  • The lower the boiling point, the greater the vapor pressure at normal ambient temperatures and consequently the greater the risk.
definitions14
Definitions
  • Container
  • Container shall mean any can, barrel, or drum
definitions15
Definitions
  • Closed Container
  • Closed container shall mean a container so sealed by means of a lid or other device that neither liquid or vapor will escape from it at ordinary temperatures
definitions16
Definitions
  • Fire Area
  • Fire area shall mean an area of a building separated from the remainder of the building by construction having a fire resistance of at least 1 hour and having all communicating openings properly protected by an assembly having a fire resistance rating of at least one hour.
definitions17
Definitions
  • Flash Point
  • Flash point means the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor within a test vessel in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid. The flash point is normally an indication of susceptibility to ignition.
definitions18
Definitions
  • Combustible Liquid
  • Combustible liquid means any liquid having a flash point at above 100°F (37.8 °C).
  • Combustible liquids are divided into two classes:
    • Class II
    • Class III
definitions19
Definitions
  • Class II Liquids
  • Class II liquids shall include those with a flash point at or above 100°F (37.8°C) and below 140°F (60°C)
definitions20
Definitions
  • Class III Liquids
  • Class III liquids shall include those with flash points at or above 140°F (60°C).
  • Class III are divided into two classes:
    • Class IIIA
    • Class IIIB
definitions21
Definitions
  • Class IIIA Liquids
  • Class III liquids shall include those with flash points at or above 140°F (60°C) and below 200°F (93.3°C)
definitions22
Definitions
  • Class IIIB Liquids
  • Class IIIB liquids shall include those with a flash point at or above 200°F (93.3°C).
  • This section does not regulate Class IIIB liquids.
definitions23
Definitions
  • NOTE:
  • When a combustible liquid is heated to within 30°F (16.7°C) of its flash point, it shall be handled in accordance with the requirements for the next lower class of liquids
definitions24
Definitions
  • Flammable Liquid
  • Flammable liquid means any liquid having a flash point below 100 °F (37.8 °C)
  • Flammable liquids shall be known as Class I liquids
definitions25
Definitions
  • Class I liquids are divided into three classes:
  • Class 1A
  • Class 1B
  • Class 1C
definitions26
Definitions
  • Class 1A
  • Class 1A shall include liquids having flash points below 73 °F (22.8°C) and having a boiling point below 100 °F (37.8°C)
  • Examples: Ethyl Ether, Isopropyl Chloride, Pentane
definitions27
Definitions
  • Class 1B Liquids
  • Class 1B shall include liquids having flash points below 73°F (22.8°C) and having a boiling point at or above 100°F (37.8°C)
  • Example: Acetone, Gasoline, Toluene
definitions28
Definitions
  • Class 1C
  • Class 1C shall include liquids having flash points at at or above 73°F (22.8°C) and below 100°F (37.8°C)
  • Examples: Amyl Alcohol, Naphtha, Xylene
slide29

Flash Point

200°F

Combustible

Flash Point

> 100°F

IIIA

140°F

II

100°F

IC

Flammable

Flash Point

< 100°F

73°F

IA

IB

100°F

Boiling Point

definitions30
Definitions
  • Portable Tank
  • Portable tank shall mean a closed container having a liquid capacity over 60 U.S. gallons and not intended for fixed installation
definitions31
Definitions
  • Safety Can
  • Safety can means an approved container, of not more than 5 gallons capacity, having a spring-closing lid and spout cover and so designed that it will safely relieve internal pressure when subject to fire exposure
definitions32
Definitions
  • Vapor Pressure
  • Vapor Pressure is a measure of a liquid’s propensity to evaporate.
  • The higher the vapor pressure, the more volatile the liquid and, thus, the more readily the liquid gives off vapors
flammable explosive limits
Flammable (Explosive) Limits
  • Flammable Range
  • The range of a combustible vapor or gas-air mixture between the upper and lower flammable limits.
  • Also, known as the “explosive range.”
flammable explosive limits34
Flammable (Explosive) Limits
  • Lower Flammable Limit
  • The lowest concentration at which a combustible gas forms a flammable mixture.
  • Below the LFL there is too little combustible fuel to sustain a flame.
  • Also, known as “Lower Explosive Limit or LEL.”
flammable explosive limits35
Flammable (Explosive) Limits
  • Upper Flammable Limit
  • The highest concentration at which a combustible gas forms a flammable mixture.
  • Above the UFL there is too little oxygen to sustain a flame. Better known as “too rich” to burn.
  • Also, known as “Upper Explosive Limit or UEL.”
flammable explosive limits36
Flammable (Explosive) Limits
  • HazardousMaterialLFLUFL
  • Butane 1.9 8.5
  • Ethylene Oxide 3.0 100.0
  • Gasoline 1.4 7.6
  • Hydrogen 4.0 75.0
  • Isopropyl Alcohol 2.0 12.7
  • Propane 2.1 9.5
introduction
Introduction
  • The two primary hazards associated with flammable and combustible liquids are explosion and fire
  • Safe handling and storage of flammable liquids requires the use of approved equipment and practices per OSHA standards
classes of some flammable liquids
Classes of Some Flammable Liquids

Common Name Flash Point (oF)

Ethyl Ether -49

Gasoline -45

Methyl Ethyl Ketone 21

Toluene 40

Xylene 81-115

Turpentine 95

CLASS IA

CLASS IB

CLASS IC

program components
Program Components

A good plan for safe use of flammable and combustible liquids contains at least these components:

  • Control of ignition sources
  • Proper storage
  • Fire control
  • Safe handling
sources of ignition
Sources of Ignition

Must take adequate precautions to prevent ignition of flammable vapors. Some sources of ignition include:

  • Open flames
  • Smoking
  • Static electricity
  • Cutting and welding
  • Hot surfaces
  • Electrical and mechanical sparks
  • Lightning
static electricity
Static Electricity
  • Generated when a fluid flows through a pipe or from an opening into a tank
  • Main hazards are fire and explosion from sparks containing enough energy to ignite flammable vapors
  • Bonding or grounding of flammable liquid containers is necessary to prevent static electricity from causing a spark
industrial plants grounding
Industrial Plants – Grounding
  • Class I liquids shall not be dispensed into containers unless the nozzle and container are electrically interconnected
bonding
Bonding
  • Physically connect two conductive objects together with a bond wire to eliminate a difference in static charge potential between them
  • Must provide a bond wire between containers during flammable liquid filling operations, unless a metallic path between them is otherwise present
grounding
Grounding
  • Eliminates a difference in static charge potential between conductive objects and ground
  • Although bonding will eliminate a difference in potential between objects, it will not eliminate a difference in potential between these objects and earth unless one of the objects is connected to earth with a ground wire
ventilation
Ventilation

Always provide adequate ventilation to reduce the potential for ignition of flammable vapors.

storage fundamentals
Storage Fundamentals
  • Identify incompatible chemicals – check the Material Safety Data Sheet
  • Isolate and separate incompatible materials
    • Isolate by storing in another area or room
    • Degree of isolation depends on quantities, chemical properties and packaging
    • Separate by storing in same area or room, but apart from each other
storage of flammable and combustible liquids
Storage of Flammableand Combustible Liquids
  • Storage must not limit the use of exits, stairways, or areas normally used for the safe egress of people
  • In office occupancies:
    • Storage prohibited except that which is required for maintenance and operation of equipment
    • Storage must be in:
      • closed metal containers inside a storage cabinet, or
      • safety cans, or
      • an inside storage room

Inside storage room

safety cans for storage and transfer
Safety Cans for Storage and Transfer
  • Approved container of not more than 5 gallons capacity
  • Spring-closing lid and spout cover
  • Safely relieves internal pressure when exposed to fire
flame arrester screen
Flame Arrester Screen
  • Prevents fire flashback into can contents
  • Double wire-mesh construction
  • Large surface area provides rapid dissipation of heat from fire so that vapor temperature inside can remains below ignition point
storage cabinets
Storage Cabinets
  • Not more than 60 gal of Class I and/or Class II liquids, or not more than 120 gal of Class III liquids permitted in a cabinet
  • Must be conspicuously labeled, “Flammable - Keep Fire Away”
  • Doors on metal cabinets must have a three-point lock (top, side, and bottom), and the door sill must be raised at least 2 inches above the bottom of the cabinet
fire control
Fire Control
  • Suitable fire control devices, such as small hose or portable fire extinguishers must be available where flammable or combustible liquids are stored
  • Open flames and smoking must not be permitted in these storage areas
  • Materials which react with water must not be stored in the same room with flammable or combustible liquids
transferring flammable liquids
Transferring Flammable Liquids

Since there is a sizeable risk whenever flammable liquids are handled, OSHA allows only four methods for transferring these materials:

  • Through a closed piping system
  • From safety cans
  • By gravity through an approved self-closing safety faucet
  • By means of a safety pump
self closing safety faucet
Self-Closing Safety Faucet
  • Bonding wire between drum and container
  • Grounding wire between drum and ground
  • Safety vent in drum
safety pump
Faster and safer than using a faucet

Spills less likely

No separate safety vents in drum required

Installed directly in drum bung opening

Some pump hoses have integral bonding wires

Safety Pump
waste and residue
Waste and Residue

Combustible waste and residue must be kept to a minimum, stored in covered metal receptacles and disposed of daily.

Waste drum with disposal funnel

Oily-waste can (self-closing lid)

Safety disposal can

container and portable tank storage
Container and Portable Tank Storage
  • This section applies only to the storage of flammable and combustible liquids in drums or other containers not exceeding 60 gallons individual capacity and portable tanks of less than 660 gallons individual capacity.
container and portable tank storage58
Container and Portable Tank Storage
  • Only approved containers and portable tanks may be used to store flammable and combustible liquids
  • Metal containers and portable tanks must meet DOT requirements
design construction and capacity of storage cabinets
Design, Construction and Capacity of Storage Cabinets
  • Not more than 60 gallons of Class I and/ or Class II liquids, or not more than 120 gallons of Class III liquids may be stored in an individual cabinet
design construction and capacity of storage cabinets60
Design, Construction and Capacity of Storage Cabinets
  • The standard permits both metal and wooden storage cabinets
  • Cabinets shall be designed and constructed to limit internal temperatures to not more than 325°F when subject to a standardized 10-minute fire test
design construction and capacity of storage cabinets61
Design, Construction and Capacity of Storage Cabinets
  • The bottom, top, door, and sides of metal cabinets shall be at least 18 gauge sheet metal and double walled with a 1 ½ -inch air space
  • The door shall be provided with a three point lock and the door sill shall be raised at least 2-inches above the bottom of the cabinet
design and construction of inside storage rooms
Design and Construction of Inside Storage Rooms
  • Construction is to comply with test specifications outlined in NFPA 251
  • Openings to other rooms or buildings shall be provided with non-combustible liquid-tight raised sills or ramps at least 4-inches in height, or the floor in the storage area shall be at least 4-inches below the surrounding floor
design and construction of inside storage rooms63
Design and Construction of Inside Storage Rooms
  • Opening shall be provided with approved self-closing fire doors
  • The room shall be liquid tight where the floor joins the floor
  • Electrical wiring for Class I liquids will comply with Class I, Division 2 hazardous locations
design and construction of inside storage rooms64
Design and Construction of Inside Storage Rooms
  • In each storage room, an aisle of at least 3 feet in width will be maintained
  • Containers over 30 gallons capacity shall not be stacked
  • Containers will be at least 3 feet from sprinkler heads
fire control65
Fire Control
  • At least one portable fire extinguisher having a rating of not less than 12-B units shall be located outside of, but not more than 10 feet from, the door opening into any room used for storage.
maximum quantities
The quantity of liquid that may be located outside of an inside storage room or storage cabinet in a building or in any one fire area of a building shall not exceed:

25 gallons of Class IA liquids in containers

120 gallons of Class IB, IC, II, or III liquids in containers

660 gallons of Class IB, IC, II, or III liquids in a single portable tank.

Maximum Quantities
service stations
Service Stations
  • No smoking or open flames in areas used for fueling, servicing fuel, etc.
  • Conspicuous signs must be posted.
liquid transfer
Liquid Transfer
  • If gravity transfer is used, must be through an approved self-closing valve.
  • Transferring by means of air pressure on the container or portable tanks shall be prohibited.
handling liquids
Handling Liquids
  • Flammable liquids shall be kept in covered containers when not actually in use.
housekeeping
Housekeeping
  • Combustible waste and residue shall be kept to a minimum, stored in covered metal receptacles, and disposed of daily
safe handling fundamentals
Safe Handling Fundamentals
  • Carefully read the manufacturer’s label on the flammable liquid container before storing or using it
  • Practice good housekeeping in flammable liquid storage areas
  • Clean up spills immediately, then place the cleanup rags in a covered metal container
  • Only use approved metal safety containers or original manufacturer’s container to store flammable liquids
  • Keep the containers closed when not in use and store away from exits or passageways
  • Use flammable liquids only where there is plenty of ventilation
  • Keep flammable liquids away from ignition sources such as open flames, sparks, smoking, cutting, welding, etc.
summary
Summary
  • The two primary hazards associated with flammable and combustible liquids are explosion and fire
  • Safe handling and storage of flammable liquids requires the use of approved equipment and practices per OSHA standards
  • An excellent reference on this topic is National Fire Protection Association Standard No. 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
definitions74
Definitions
  • Aerated Solid Powders
    • Aerated powders shall mean any powdered material used as a coating material which shall be fluidized within a container by passing air uniformly from below. It is common practice to fluidize such materials to form a fluidized powder bed and then dip the part to be coated into the bed in a manner similar to that used in liquid dipping. Such beds are also used as sources for powder spray operation
definitions75
Definitions
  • Spraying Area
  • Any area in which dangerous quantities of flammable vapors or mists, or combustible residues, dusts, or deposits are present due to the operation of spraying processes.
definitions76
Definitions
  • Spray Booth
  • A power-ventilated structure provided to enclose or accommodate a spraying operation to confine and limit the escape of spray, vapor, and residue, and to safely conduct or direct them to an exhaust system
definitions77
Definitions
  • Waterwash spray booth
  • A spray booth equipped with a water washing system designed to minimize dusts or residues entering exhaust ducts and to permit the recovery of overspray finishing material
definitions78
Definitions
  • Dry spray booth
  • A spray booth not equipped with a water washing system as described in subparagraph (4) of this paragraph.
definitions79
Definitions
  • Dry spray booth
  • A dry spray booth may be equipped with
    • distribution or baffle plates to promote an even flow of air through the booth or cause the deposit of overspray before it enters the exhaust duct; or
    • overspray dry filters to minimize dusts or residues entering exhaust ducts; or
    • where dry powders are being sprayed, with powder collection systems so arranged in the exhaust to capture oversprayed material.
separation of operations
Separation of Operations
  • Each spray booth shall be separated from other operations by:
  • not less than 3 feet or
  • by a partition or wall to reduce danger

3 ft

8 feet

3 feet

sources of ignition81
Sources of Ignition
  • There will be no open flame or spark producing equipment in any spray area nor within 20 feet
  • Space heating appliances, steam pipes, or hot surfaces shall not be located in the spray area
electrical
Electrical
  • Class I or Class II, Division 1 Locations
  • The interior of spray booths or rooms
  • The interior of exhaust ducts
  • Any area in the direct path of spray operations
electrical83
Electrical
  • Class I or Class II, Division 2 Locations
  • For open spraying, all space outside of but within 20 feet horizontally and 10 feet vertically

Spray Area

20’

slide87

Process Safety Management

of

Highly Hazardous

Chemicals

CFR 1910.119

1910 119 a purpose
1910.119(a) Purpose
  • This section contains requirements for preventing or minimizing the consequences of catastrophic releases of:
    • Toxic,
    • Reactive,
    • Flammable, or
    • Explosive chemicals
  • These releases may result in toxic, fire or explosion hazards
1910 119 a 1 application
1910.119(a)(1)Application
  • A process which involves a chemical at or above the specified threshold quantities listed in Appendix A
  • A process which involves a flammable liquid or gas (as defined in 1910.1200(c) of this part) on site in one location, in a quantity of 10,000 pounds (4535.9 kg) or more
review
Review
  • What is a flammable liquid?
  • What is a combustible liquid?
  • A Class 1A flammable liquid has a flash point of less than?
review91
Review
  • What is the maximum amount of a 1A liquid that can be stored outside of a flammable storage cabinet or room?
  • A 12B fire extinguisher must be located within _______ feet of flammable liquid storage room.
review92
Review
  • Spray finishing can be a hazardous activity.
    • True or False
  • Each spray booth must be separated by ___ feet or a wall or partition from other operations.
  • Spray booths require ___________ electrical installations.
ad