Dark Green Religion and Radical Environmentalism. Some of the following slides both reference specific individuals and aspects of radical environmentalism that were discussed in Dark Green Religion.
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Some of the following slides both reference specific individuals and aspects of radical environmentalism that were discussed in Dark Green Religion.
Others provide images that illustrate, somewhat impressionistically, the political, ethical, and spiritual bricolage that characterizes the movement .
William C. Rogers, individuals and aspects of radical environmentalism that were discussed in
Vail Colorado Ski Resort Building, set on fire in 1998 by Avalon & others in the Earth Liberation Front
the greed of corporations and . . .
refuse or otherwise fail to arrest
Good Avalon & others in the Earth Liberation Front
Foraging (small-scale organic horticultural) societies
Animistic, Pantheistic, Goddess-Matriarchal, or Eastern Religions
Pastoral and Agricultural Societies
Monotheistic, Sky-God, Patriarchal, Western Religions
Reason (especially instrumental)Binary Associations in Radical Environmentalism and Deep Ecology
Good Avalon & others in the Earth Liberation Front
Mechanistic & Dualistic Worldviews
Globalization and International Trade
PragmatismMore Binary Associations
Grief and anger over the destruction of nature fuels movement passions.
Social criticism, history, ecology, and myth fuse in a radical worldview which shapes political priorities, and justifies lawbreaking
We who can still hear the jaguar scream found in movement literature, poetry, and music
We dream of a day when all things wild will again be free…
It is a dream we will fight for until the day we die
Agricultures destroy or force the conversion of indigenous peoples living in harmony with nature
Agricultures replace foraging societies and their place-based gods and nature spirits and ethics of kinship toward all life forms, with sky-gods.
To re-harmonize humans in nature we must re-sacralize our perceptions of the earth.The Myth of the Fallfrom a Foraging Paradise
Roadshows as Wilderness Revival Meetings peoples living in harmony with nature
The Council of All Beings
. . . ritualizing toward a kinship ethic with non-human nature
Advanced Ritual Workshops
. . . deepening proper spiritual perception
. . . binding people with each other and the natural world
Songs like “I am an Animal” (Dana Lyons) express the kinship ethic and anti-anthropocentrism of the movement.
Radical E kinship ethic and anti-anthropocentrism of the movement.nvironmentalists:
Engage the Destroyers – Resist!!!
Promote sustainable lifewaysRadical Greens v. Bioregionalists ~ Differing Strategic Priorities
Dave Foreman – Prophet of Radical Environmentalism kinship ethic and anti-anthropocentrism of the movement.
Monkeywrenching or “ecotage” is “a form of worship toward the earth. It’s really a very spiritual thing to go out and do . . . You are a religious warrior for the Earth.”
Gary Snyder – Architect of Bioregional Social Philosophy
“The closer you get to real matter, rock air firewood, boy, the more spiritual the world is”
Let our Action Be our Prayer . . . kinship ethic and anti-anthropocentrism of the movement.
‘cause if you haven’t done everything imaginable, you haven’t done shit!
Fortress Wall, Warner Creek Blockade, Oregon (USA): The year long blockade was
eventually successful in blocking a large timber sale 1993
Spiritual long blockade was Warfare . . .
PAGAN PENTAGRAM ~ some radical environmentalists are self-consciously pagan.
Cove Mallard, Idaho self-consciously pagan.
. . . Earth First! Army Corp of Engineers . . . self-consciously pagan.
Barricades made from trees cut for logging roads, rearranged to blockade the loggers from access to the large timber sales in Idaho (USA)
9-10 to blockade the loggers from access to the large timber sales in Idaho (USA)
Album Cover to blockade the loggers from access to the large timber sales in Idaho (USA)
. . . note the burning
bulldozer in the
2-6 to blockade the loggers from access to the large timber sales in Idaho (USA)
Live Wild or Die to blockade the loggers from access to the large timber sales in Idaho (USA)urges a feral revolution of desire, anarchist rebellion, and inflammatory tactics.
This is the cover of its premier issue (1989)
Drawing rubric from European paganism and the model from the most militant EF! Activists, “Elves” in the UK form the Earth Liberation Front (1992)
The swiftness of deer most militant EF! Activists, “Elves” in the UK form the Earth Liberation Front (1992)
The vision of eagle
The strength of bear
The sureness of cougar
The stealth of snake
The wildness of wolf
Guide these steps of mine
My hand as it releases
These flames of life’s hope
Toward that which would
destroy us all.
“Destroy what destroys you!”
bioregional congresses and local groups
Permaculture and Organic Agriculture
Bioregionally-oriented wildlands advocacyBioregional Strategy:Promote sustainable lifeways
Expanding on Campbell’s theory, Radical Environmentalism and Deep Ecology movements can be viewed as a bricolage of spiritual epistemologies and traditions, as well as of countercultural political ideologies and movements
Arne Naess, and other deep ecologists and radical greens urge us to re-discover the animistic perceptions of our childhoods, claiming they are still present among tribal peoples. Naess states the epistemological premise so common in the movement:
“To do this we must spend time in mountains, or where ‘free nature,’ can stimulate a sense of oneness, wholeness, and identification with nature.”
1-2 urge us to re-discover the animistic perceptions of our childhoods, claiming they are still present among tribal peoples. Naess states the epistemological premise so common in the movement:
Such episteme, and the general radical environmental myth, fuel the impulse to borrow from Native American cultures and spiritual practices, as well as eastern religions, which are viewed as superior to western societies.
Taoism and esp. Buddhism influence the West’s spiritual countercultures, perhaps nowhere as significantly as in bioregionalism and radical environmentalism.
~ e.g., Gary Snyder, Joanna Macy, John Seed, Dolores LaChappelle, Michael Soule, Reed Noss, to name a few.
‘Earthen Spirituality’ is contested in multiple ways, and criticisms of such appropriation have altered practices in the radical environmental movements.
These slides are from the campaign to prevent telescopes from being constructed on Mt. Graham in Southeastern Arizona (1993). Environmentalists and Native Americans in their own ways believed the project would desecrate a sacred place.
The Vatican Observatory was involved in the project which intensified the religious dimensions of the conflict
Despite some criticism, intensified the religious dimensions of the conflict
Native American images and practices remain important in dark green spirituality.
North America as Turtle Island intensified the religious dimensions of the conflict
Turtle Island intensified the religious dimensions of the conflict
in a mandala inspired by
religions of the
The desert's austerity “distinguishes it, in spiritual appeal, from other forms of landscape,” and is more effective than mountains at overturning human arrogance.
Abbey called himself an “earth-ist” and was a pantheist who “saw the spirit in all things” (Loeffler) . . .
And resonated with Daoism, considering it ancient nature-based spirituality, calling “the Tao te’ Ching is the best goddamned book ever written.”
An “Ecotopian Holy Trinity” song, sung by the late Judi Bari and her comrads, lauded the spiritual teachings of marijuana, magic mushrooms, and “big old trees.”
~ practitioners spread its ritual resources widely in green circles.
~ Drawing on putatively European sources, it is seen as less problematic than forms drawing on indigenous societies.
Deep Ecology Ritual goes international ~ this graphic is from a tabloid announcing a 1994 “Workshop for All Beings” in Poland.
Time for an Entmoot . . . from a tabloid announcing a 1994 “Workshop for All Beings” in Poland.
From Entmoot, the title of Washington EF!’s Newsletter, 1994
Here is another example of the ecelectic bricolage of dark green religion, and also, of the influence of the arts in inspiring it.
Wicca is often in co-production with neo-paganism, and incorporated into dark green spirituality
~ E.g., the Spiral Dance ritual spreads the metaphysics of interdependence.
~ Songs and art challenge patriarchy within and outside of green subcultures.
Radical Affinities from a tabloid announcing a 1994 “Workshop for All Beings” in Poland.
The antiglobalization movement has many affinities with dark green religion and many of its supporters are radical greens. This photograph is from the protests against the World Trade Organization in 1999, which catapulted the movement into public consciousness.
Hoping for the Collapse of Industrial Civilization as the only path to egalitarian, ecologically sustainable, societies (sometimes aided by anarchist revolution and even terrorism)
… but some want to accelerate the process only path to egalitarian, ecologically sustainable, societies (sometimes aided by anarchist revolution and even terrorism)
If you can BAKE A CAKE . . . only path to egalitarian, ecologically sustainable, societies (sometimes aided by anarchist revolution and even terrorism)
. . . you can MAKE A BOMB
One anarchist version of radical environmentalism. only path to egalitarian, ecologically sustainable, societies (sometimes aided by anarchist revolution and even terrorism)
Glen Canyon Dam, 4963 AD, after the collapse of industrial civilization, wildness is returning . . .
… hopeful apocalypticism
Quietly passed around during the 1997 National Earth First! Rendezvous in Northern Wisconsin
The preceding slide is from a flyer passed out at a Rendezvous in Northern Wisconsinradical environmental gathering in the mid 1990s. The opposite side proclaimed:Return to Wild Natureand had these words:
"Joan of Arc and the 19th century abolitionist John Brown employed violence and gave their lives in struggle. These visionaries were considered demented by their contemporaries, but are now revered. It may be that the Unabomber will be looked upon similarly, as a kind of warrior-prophet who, as Arleen Davila wrote, `tried to save us.' To un-learn our illusions is to begin to save ourselves . . . Return to Wild Nature - Destroy the Worldwide Industrial System - FREE TED KACZYNSKI."
It is altering the political and ecological landscape around the world
.and entering the culture’s main streams.
Even the U.S. Forest Service’s Leaders promoting of such spirituality
. . . increasingly articulate biocentric values and discuss positively the important “spiritual” value that nature has for Americans when defending new, forest protection policies
For example, introducing a book on ecosystem management by his employees, USFS Chief Jack Ward wrote . . .
“Nature-based spiritual beliefs are generic to all [forest] users, whether holders or nonholders of sectarian religious beliefs . . . diverse types of nature-based spirit-renewing benefits . . . are common across all types of users, whether a timber cutter, a hunter, a member of an environmental organization, a hiker, or a Native American.
Dark Green Religion [forest] users, whether holders or nonholders of sectarian religious beliefs . . . diverse types of nature-based spirit-renewing benefits . . . are common across all types of users, whether a timber cutter, a hunter, a member of an environmental organization, a hiker, or a Native American. does have a radical branch and increasing impacts around the world.
The question remains, what will the extent and timing of its future influences?