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1. Art Works that have Changed the World (Part 2) Modern Artists
2. Claude Monet, Waterlilies, 1914
3. Manet, Le Dejeuner sur L'herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) 1863
4. Le Dejeuner sur l’herbe Work shocked the Academy, rejected by jury of official Paris art exhibition
Shown at the Salon des Refuses
Offensive to show clothed man / nude woman – who meets our gaze.
Theme from classical art but Manet made it contemporary. Therefore the Sunday picnic becomes linked to prostitution (real issue in Parisian parks in outer suburbs)
5. Degas, Woman combing her hair, 1886 Degas – French Impressionist
Captures a single moment
Voyeuristic quality of catching a woman at her toilette
Does he objectify women?
6. Cezanne, The Bathers, 1906.
7. Van Gogh, Starry Night.
8. Gauguin, Manao tupapau (The Spirit of the Dead Keep Watch) 1892 Gauguin left Paris for Tahiti in 1891 to escape ‘artificial’ European civilisation.
European ‘Primitivist’ artists were fascinated by the power of “Primitive art” and mimicked forms and patterns from African, Polynesian arts.
9. Munch, The Scream 1893 Edvard Munch – Norwegian
Wanted to depict “modern inner life”
His own psychological condition was somewhat unstable
10. Matisse, Madame Matisse (the Green Stripe) 1905 Matisse understood ptg did not reproduce nature but represented it.
His paintings have a life of their own –form / expressions is one.
He consciously arranges the surface as surface, using colour to play off each other.
Which colours here are warm / cold? Come forward / go back? How do they create volume? How do they create a sense of life?
11. Kandinsky, Study for Composition II, 1909 Kandinsky realised the potential of abstract painting when he noticed the beauty of one of his ptgs upside down
This work relates to a theme of a rider on horseback (and gave name to Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter.
The Rider could symbolise mythical horsemen of apocalypse.
12. Der Blaue Reiter – The Blue Rider German group; existed in between 1911 - 1914
Goal- free painting from its illusionistic function
Artists wanted to make the world ‘visible’ so viewer could communicate with the painting (“artist-work-viewer”)
Modelled on Music and its harmonies
Colour should, like notes, condense to form colour ‘chords’ and arouse feelings in the viewer of harmony or dissonance
“A painting must be composed like music and should ring out like a colour symphony” (Kandinsky)
13. Picasso, Guernica 1937
14. Braque, Woman and a Guitar, 1913 Cubists were not interested in emotions or colour, interested in form
devpd a new method of ANALYSING forms
Also interested in denying illusion in paintings
Replaced 1-D fixed viewpoint with several perspectives at once
Fragmented forms, broke them into planes, use of collage and ‘found objects’
15. Mondrian, Broadway Boogie Woogie, 1942 Piet Mondrian was Dutch
Founded De Stijl
Believed painting needed to be ‘pure’. Bring back focus to key elements of design – colour, shape, surface, line to create harmonious compositions
Claimed his art works represented a true version of reality, a pure reality that existed independent to nature.
This work is an early work which still refers to a landscapeS
16. Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, 1931
17. Rene Magritte, ‘Ceci n’est pas un pipe’ from The Treachery of Images, 1929 Magritte – Belgian Surrealist artist
Art may ‘depict’ an object but can never ‘capture’ it
Works play with reality and illusion
Psychoanalysts say this could reflect his "constant shifting back and forth from what he wishes—'mother is alive'—to what he knows—'mother is dead' ".
18. The Human Condition 1935 René Magritte described his paintings as "visible images which conceal nothing; they evoke mystery and, … when one sees one of my pictures, one asks oneself this simple question, 'What does that mean?'. It does not mean anything, because mystery means nothing either, it is unknowable."
19. Antonio Gaudi, La Sagrada Familia
21. Frida Kahlo, Self Portrait with Thorn necklace, 1940 Mexican artist
22. Diego Rivera, Murals in the Palacio Nacional depicting Mexico’s history