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Demonstrating the Legal Sustainability of Effective STEM Diversity Programs. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Daryl E. Chubin AAAS Capacity Center Jamie Lewis Keith University of Florida Melinda W. Grier University of Oregon. Shirley M. Malcom EHR, AAAS

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American association for the advancement of science l.jpg

Demonstrating the Legal Sustainability of

Effective STEM Diversity Programs

AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Daryl E. Chubin

AAAS Capacity Center

Jamie Lewis Keith

University of Florida

Melinda W. Grier

University of Oregon

Shirley M. Malcom

EHR, AAAS

Steven Winnick

EducationCounsel, LLC

Wanda E. Ward

National Science Foundation

AAAS Annual Meeting

San Diego, CA

February 20, 2010


The national imperative to increase faculty student diversity in stem higher education l.jpg

AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

The National Imperative to Increase Faculty & Student Diversity in STEM Higher Education

  • Origins of this Symposium:

    • Problem Thread

    • National Context

  • Legal Approaches—on campus & off

  • Academic & Policy Approaches

  • A Sponsor’s Perspective


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AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

Richard Florida’s The Creative Class:Leveraging Talent, not Technology Alone

“The university is perhaps the single most important institution of the creative age. It's certainly what gave the U.S. its huge edge in the 20th century, by virtue of attracting the best and the brightest from all around the world. Unfortunately, . . . the single biggest problem with all universities these days is their apparent inability—and in some cases blatant disinterest—in educating our population broadly across all social, economic, and ethnic demographics.”

. . . technology, tolerance, talent

source: www.fastcompany.com/articles/2005/11/fastcities_florida.html


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AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

Origins: Operate on the Context, not just the Content

2004: To help guide program staff & university counsels in interpreting the Grutter and Gratz Supreme Court rulings . . .

2008: Sloan- and NSF-funded project (AAAS-AAU) to identify effective STEM programs & practices for students & faculty that are also legally sustainable

See http://www.aaas.org/publications/books_reports/standingourground/


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AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

Problem Thread

  • Who participates in STEM education & the workforce—who does not and why?

  • How can institutions of higher education improve academic success, career advancement, and utilization of talent—students to faculty and other professionals?

  • How does Federal policy help/hinder?


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AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

The Context Has Changed

  • Fragile Global & Domestic Economy

  • New President & Administration

  • Heightened:

    • Consciousness about demographics & access of college-age population

    • Sensitivity about importance of higher education & career opportunity

    • Accountability for all sources of funding

    • Legal opposition to programs that are seen to favor any one group


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AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

Our Demographic Future: The proportion of Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders is increasing. Currently, one in three 18-24 year olds is African American, Hispanic or American Indian/Alaska Native and 4% are Asian/Pacific Islander.




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AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

PhDs Earned by Women: Parity in the biological sciences by 2006, but lags (despite within-field gains) in all other natural sciences since 1977.


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AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

PhDs Earned by URMs: Little gain between 1977 and 2006, except in the biological sciences (with actual decline in computer science).


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Source: Nelson, 2007

AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010


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AAAS Annual Meeting Symposium, Feb. 20, 2010

An Empirical Basis for Optimism

“One of the most important findings from our research is that success in faculty diversity is no mere historical accident. A significant amount of the variation in faculty diversity reflects individual university effort and practice—strategies that can be replicated at other institutions.”

source:University Leadership Council, Breakthrough Advances in Faculty Diversity, 2008, p. 14


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