Individuals and Action:. Agency Theory and its Uses in Archaeology. Isaac Ullah. Outline. What is agency? The early history of the idea. Bourdieu’s practice theory and agency . Giddens’ structuration theory and agency. Agency redefined for archaeology. Uses of agency in archaeology.
Doxa is behavior adopted through repetition, and conserved through its material expression.
It is behavior so thoroughly routinized that it cannot be considered agency.
This is related to his account of habitus as a set of durable dispositions arising from shared motivations and life histories.
Agency lies within the ability of the individual to comprehend the limits of doxa and their will to break out of these limits.
Agency is a meaningless concept without the background of doxa.Bourdieu
Agency is both structured, and reproduces and revitalizes the structure. This happens through time.
Unintended consequences of actions modify future intended actions.
This is the basis of his “theory of structuration”.
It is a preconscious way to “go on in the world”, and is basically the same as Bourdieu’s habitus and doxa.
Monitoring of action
Individuals constantly monitor their actions. They are knowledgeable and conscious of much of what they do, but they may not do things purposively. They sometimes do things without intending to do them, and things they do intend to do have unintended consequences.Giddens
reflexive monitoring of action
rationalization of action
motivation of action
of the agent
After Giddens 1984