Lecture the fourth step in essay writing the four bases of writing essays
Download
1 / 20

Lecture: The Fourth Step in Essay Writing, the Four Bases of Writing Essays - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 79 Views
  • Uploaded on

Lecture: The Fourth Step in Essay Writing, the Four Bases of Writing Essays. Chapters 5 & 6. Step 4 Revise and Edit Your Work. Strategies for revising sentences: Use parallelism . Use a consistent point of view. Use specific words. Use active verbs. Use concise words.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Lecture: The Fourth Step in Essay Writing, the Four Bases of Writing Essays' - daniel-sanders


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Step 4 revise and edit your work
Step 4 Writing EssaysRevise and Edit Your Work

Strategies for revising sentences:

  • Use parallelism.

  • Use a consistent point of view.

  • Use specific words.

  • Use active verbs.

  • Use concise words.

  • Use varied sentences.


Use parallelism
Use Parallelism Writing Essays

By balancing the items in a sentence,

you will make the sentence clearer

and easier to read.

Example:

My job includes checking inventory,

calling

initialing orders, and to call the suppliers.


Use a consistent point of view
Use a Consistent Point of View: Writing Essays

Verbs

Do not shift verb tenses unnecessarily.

Example:

Jean punched down the risen dough.

dumped

Then she dumpsit onto the worktable.


Use a consistent point of view1
Use a Consistent Point of View: Writing Essays

Pronouns

Do not shift point of view unnecessarily.

Example:

One of the fringe benefits of my job is that youI can use a company credit card for gasoline.


Use specific words
Use Specific Words Writing Essays

To be an effective writer, you must use specificwords rather than general words.

  • General:The dog ran down the street.

  • Specific:The mangy stray loped down Broadway, dodging cars and startled pedestrians.


Specific sentences
Specific Sentences Writing Essays

1: Use exact names. (Not “the boy,” but “Vince.”)

2: Use lively verbs. (Not “ate,” but “slurped.”)

3: Use descriptive words. (Not “the car,” but “the rickety old Buick.”)

4: Use sense descriptions. (“Vince slurped his ice-cold chocolate milkshake while sitting on the squeaking front seat of his rickety old Buick.”)


Use active verbs
Use Active Verbs Writing Essays

Prefer theactive voice.

When the subject receives the action, the verb is in the passive voice.

The netbookwas boughtby Hakim.

When the subject of a sentence performs the action of the verb, the verb is in theactive voice.

Hakim bought the netbook.


Use concise words
Use Concise Words Writing Essays

Prefer concision.

Wordiness -- using more words than necessary is often a sign of lazy or careless writing.

Too Wordy:In this paper, I am planning to describe the hobby that I enjoy of collecting old comic books.

Revision:I enjoy collecting old comic books.


Vary your sentences
Vary Your Sentences Writing Essays

Effective writingis writing that is variedand interesting..

Vary your sentences by:

1: Adding a second complete thought.

2: Adding a dependent thought.

3: Beginning with an opening wordor

phrase.

4: Placing adjectives or verbs in a series.


Adding a second complete thought
Adding a Second Complete Thought Writing Essays

Transform simple sentences(which can be monotonous) --

Greg worked on the engine. The car still wouldn’t start.

intocompound sentences:

Greg worked on the engine, but the car still wouldn’t start.


Adding a dependent thought
Adding Writing Essays a Dependent Thought

Transform simple sentences(which can be monotonous) –

The library was very quiet. I couldn’t concentrate.

intocomplex sentences:

Although the library was very quiet, I couldn’t concentrate.


Beginning with an opening word or phrase
Beginning with an Opening Word or Phrase Writing Essays

...transforms simple sentences(which can be monotonous) --

Paul was concerned about his daughter’s fever. Paul called a doctor.

intovaried sentences:

Concerned about his daughter’s fever, Paul called a doctor.


Placing adjectives or verbs in a series
Placing Adjectives or Verbs Writing Essaysin a Series

...transforms simple sentences

(which can be monotonous) –

The truck bouncedoff a guardrail. It sideswipeda tree. It plungedinto the ditch.

intovaried sentences:

The truck bounced off a guardrail, sideswiped a tree, and plunged into the ditch.


Editing sentences
Editing Sentences Writing Essays

After revising, check for mistakes in grammar,punctuation,mechanics,usage, and spelling.

Edit according to the conventions of written English, akasentence skills.


Proofreading
Proofreading Writing Essays

Check the edited draft of your paper for typosand other careless errors.


Use the four bases
Use the Four Bases Writing Essays

1) UNITY

Advance a single point and stick to it.


Use the four bases1
Use the Four Bases Writing Essays

2) SUPPORT

Support your point with specific evidence.


Use the four bases2
Use the Four Bases Writing Essays

3) COHERENCE

Organize and connect the specific evidence.


Use the four bases3
Use the Four Bases Writing Essays

4) SENTENCE SKILLS

Write clear, error-free sentences.


ad