Chapter VIII. America in the 1990s and the Early 21st Century. I. America in the 1990s. Military Attacks on Iraq and Yugoslavia A. Desert Storm a. Time : Jan. 17, 1991 for 6 weeks b. Reason : Iraqi invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
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America in the 1990s and the Early 21st Century
A. Desert Storm
a. Time: Jan. 17, 1991 for 6 weeks
b. Reason: Iraqi invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
c. Real reason: western nations’ reliance on Mideast oil, the availability of which Saddam Hussein had threatened to curtail.
d. Result: Iraq was forced to leave Kuwait and America proclaimed the victory of the birth of a “New World Order”
C. On March 24, 1999, U.S.-led NATO mounted an air strike on Yugoslavia.
a. Reason: to keep peace in Kosovo and to help solve its political crisis, in fact, out of American political and strategic consideration. Yugoslavia is the sole barrier for NATO’s eastward expansion and it had friendly relation with Russia.
b. Purpose: The U.S. tried to make NATO as a tool of its global expansion.
c. Nature: an aggressive and unjust war, a violent trample on sovereignty of an independent country
A. Chinese President Jiang Zemin’s official visit to America in Oct. 1997 was the first visit of Chinese top leaders since 1985.
B. On June, 1998, President Bill Clinton visited China.
C. On April 6 to 14, 1999, Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji visited the United States, which was the first time for Chinese primer since 1984.
D. On April 10, 1999, a joint Communique was published about China’s entry to WTO.
E. The U.S.-led NATO bombed on Chinese Embassy in Belgrade on May 7, 1999.
F. A report was conducted by a U.S. House Committee led by Republican Representative Christopher Cox fanning anti-China sentiment and claim China in the past decades had made a widespread effort to obtain U.S. military technology by any means.
A. In the 1990s, the American economy experienced the second longest period of growth in the nation’s history.
B. Technological developments brought a wide range of sophisticated new electronic products.
C. America’s labor force changed markedly during the 1990s. The number of farmers declined and a small portion of workers had jobs in industry.
A. On Sep. 11, 2001, Islamist terrorists hijacked two passenger airplanes and flew them into the World Trade Center in NYC. Another hijacked plane struck and damaged the Defense Department headquarters near Washington, D.C., still another hijacked plane crashed near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
B. The Bush administration established the Department of Homeland Security for internal battle against terrorism, and the “9.11” commission.
A. The Afghan War
a. Immediately after the “9.11 Event”, President Bush declared war on terrorism.
b. The first target was Taliban in Afghan and terrorist group typified by Osama bin Laden and his Al Queda network.
c. In Oct. 2001, Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)--a multinational coalition military operation was initiated to counter terrorism and bring security to Afghanistan in collaboration with Afghan forces.
B. The Iraq War
b. To Iraqi people
c. Weak points of the U.S.
A. Over the past decade, America has taken great steps towards new and exciting opportunities for economic growth.
B. The Access to new markets is very important.
C. Many successful trade agreement have been made which give a great promotion to the American international trade.
D. American GDP sets a new record for the longest uninterrupted expansion of the U.S. labor market.
E. The U.S. government makes great effort to a new global approach to climate change and energy security.