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Waw Consecutive. Chapter 17. Perfect. Imperfect. Complete action. Incomplete Action. Normally translated as past tense. Normally translated as present or future tense. When part of a waw consecutive…. …acts as a future. …acts as a past tense. hmol{v. %l,M,h; xl;v.YIw:. Solomon.

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Waw Consecutive

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Waw consecutive

Waw Consecutive

Chapter 17


Waw consecutive

Perfect

Imperfect

Complete action

Incomplete Action

Normally translated as past tense

Normally translated as present or future tense

When part of a waw consecutive…

…acts as a future

…acts as a past tense


Waw consecutive

hmol{v. %l,M,h; xl;v.YIw:

Solomon

And he sent

the king

rComi ~r"yxi-ta, xQ;YIw:

from Tyre

Hiram

and he took

Imperfect of

xq;l'

1 Kings 7:13


Waw consecutive

~yhil{a/ hw"hy> rc,yYIw:

God

And he formed

(IMPERFECT)

the LORD

hm'd"a]h'-!mi rp'[' ~d"a'h'-ta,

the ground

of dust

from

the man

~yYIx; tm;v.nI wyP'a;B. xP;YIw:

breath

and he blew

(IMPERFECT)

of lives

into his nose

Genesis 2:7a


Waw consecutive

hY"x; vp,n<l. ~d"a'h' yhiy>w:

And he became

(IMPERFECT)

living

a soul

the man

Genesis 2:7b


Waw consecutive

~yhil{a/ hw"hy> [J;YIw:

God

And he planted

(IMPERFECT)

the LORD

~v' ~f,Y"w: ~d<Q,mi !d<[eB.-!G:

there

from the east

And set (IMPERFECT)

In Eden

a garden

rc'y" rv,a] ~d"a'h'-ta,

he formed

the man

who

Genesis 2:8


Waw consecutive

~yhil{a/ hw"hy> rc,YIw:

God

And he formed

(IMPERFECT)

the LORD

hd<F'h; tY:x;-lK' hm'd"a]h'-!mi

of the field

living

all

the ground

from

Genesis 2:19


Waw consecutive

rBed:y>w: hv,mo-la, ar"q.YIw:

and spoke

(IMPERFECT)

And he called

(IMPERFECT)

Moses

to

d[eAm lh,aome wyl'ae hw"hy>

from the tent

of meeting

to

the Lord

rmoale

to say

Leviticus 1:1


The imperfect with the waw consecutive

The Imperfect with the Waw Consecutive

  • Changes to a past tense

  • Sometimes starts with a perfect which is then followed by a series of imperfects

  • Shows consecutive order of events


The perfect with the waw consecutive

The Perfect with the Waw Consecutive

  • Changes to a future or customary present tense

  • Normally starts with an imperfect which is then followed by a series of perfects (signifies future action)

  • Can follow an imperative in which case it acts like an imperative


Waw consecutive

dbo[]T; ~ymiy" tv,ve

you shall work

(IMPERFECT)

days

Six

^T,k.al;m.-lK' t'yfi['w>

all

your business

And you shall do (PERFECT)

Exodus 20:9


Waw consecutive

Vocabulary


Waw consecutive

db;a'

To perish, vanish, be lost


Waw consecutive

db;a'

Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long will this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God. Do you not realize that Egypt is destroyed?” (Exodus 10:7).


Waw consecutive

db;a'

Now the donkeys of Kish, Saul's father, were lost. So Kish said to his son Saul, “Take now with you one of the servants, and arise, go search for the donkeys.” (1 Samuel 9:3).


Waw consecutive

bh;a'

To love


Waw consecutive

bh;a'

And He said, “Take now your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah; and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you.” (Genesis 22:9).


Waw consecutive

bh;a'

…but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments (Exodus 20:6).


Waw consecutive

bh;a'

You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the sons of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD (Leviticus 19:18).


Waw consecutive

@s;a'

To gather in, take away, destroy


Waw consecutive

@s;a'

So she conceived and bore a son and said, “God has taken away my reproach.” And she called his name Joseph; and said, The LORD shall add to me another son (Genesis 30:23-24).


Waw consecutive

@s;a'

Isaac breathed his last and died and was gathered to his people, an old man of ripe age; and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him (Genesis 35:29).


Waw consecutive

r[;B'

To burn up, consume


Waw consecutive

r[;B'

The angel of the LORD appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed (Exodus 3:2).


Waw consecutive

r[;B'

You shall not kindle a fire in any of your dwellings on the sabbath day (Exodus 35:3).


Waw consecutive

hl'G'

To uncover, reveal


Waw consecutive

hl'G'

He drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent (Genesis 9:21).


Waw consecutive

hl'G'

He built an altar there, and called the place El-bethel, because there God had revealed Himself to him when he fled from his brother (Genesis 35:7).


Waw consecutive

hl'G'

None of you shall approach any blood relative of his to uncover nakedness; I am the LORD (Leviticus 18:6).


Waw consecutive

When Boaz had eaten and drunk and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain; and she came secretly, and uncovered his feet and lay down (Ruth 3:7).

bK'v.Tiw: wyt'l{G>r>m; lg:T.w: jL'b; aboT'w:

in secret

and she lay down

the place of his feet

and she uncovered

And she came

(IMPERFECT)

(IMPERFECT)

(IMPERFECT)


Waw consecutive

rhej'

To be clean, be pure


Waw consecutive

~Wr

Be high, be exalted, rise


Waw consecutive

jp;v'

To judge


Waw consecutive

tm,a/

Truth


Waw consecutive

aSeKi

Throne


Waw consecutive

rP's.mi

Number


Waw consecutive

rf,[,

Ten


Waw consecutive

vm,v,

Sun


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