Magdalena Abakanowicz. ABAKAN RED 1969 1969, sisal weaving on metal support 300 x 300 x 100 cm . Magdalena Abakanowicz (born June 20, 1930, in Falenty , Poland) is a Polish sculptor.
ABAKAN RED 19691969, sisal weaving on metal support 300 x 300 x 100 cm
Magdalena Abakanowicz (born June 20, 1930, in Falenty, Poland) is a Polish sculptor.
Magdalena Abakanowicz was born in an aristocratic Polish-Russian family on her parent’s estate in Poland. The war broke out when she was nine years old. Then came the revolution imposed by Russia and the forty-five years of Soviet domination.
Magdalena was 12 years old in 1942 when she experianced the war in Poland first hand. “One could only escape from the human cruelty inside oneself (into the world of dreams and imagination)…” Magda remembers starting to work with cloth because it could be folded and stored under the bed.
Magda graduated the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw 1956 and began work at Milanowek as a tie designer in a silk factory.
In her free time she taught herself how to weave. She loved the uneven surface that she was creating on her frame loom.
In 1962 She was commissioned by the polish government to create a piece for the 1st International Biennial of Tapestry in Lausanne, Switzerland. It required a tapestry be no less than 12 square meters. Weaving with clothes line and rope, her unique piece made a great impact in the show.
Part of the 1st Lausanne Tapestry Biennial, Switzerland
During the 1970s, and into the 1980s, Abakanowicz changed medium and scale; she began a series of figurative and non-figurative sculptures made out of pieces of coarse sackcloth which she sewed and pieced together and bonded with synthetic resins.
Magdalena Abakanowicz with students at the University of Poznan, Poland, 1981
At first Magda created the pieces herself than she she had others help her the prep work in creating her pieces (washing dyeing, winding the tread and the countless tasks before starting to weave the piece).
BLACK ENVIRONMENT1970-78, sisal weaving, fifteen pieces each on metal support fifteen pieces, each : 300 x 80 x 80 cm
Magdalena Abakanowicz in front of Bois-le-Due 1970-71 It was the largest of her compostion at the time. 2 X 20 X 2 meters. Like many of her pieces at the time. Some of the segments turn into bronze towards one end and others into red.
SCHIZOID HEADS1973-75, Burlap and hemp rope on metal support Sixteen pieces: from 84 x 51 x 66 cm to 109 x 76 x 71 cm
EMBRYOLOGY AT THE VENICE BIENNALE 19801978-1980, Burlap, cotton gauze, hemp rope, nylon and sisal Approximately 800 pieces: from 4 to 250 cm long Collection of the artist
Magdalena Abakanowicz for many years has dealt with the issue of "the countless". She says: "I feel overwhelmed by quantity where counting no longer makes sense.
Her art has always addressed the problems of dignity and courage. This dignity resistance and will of survival conceal her individual personal affinities to the culture of Poland.
Each of her figures is an individuality, with its own expression, with specific details of skin.
SEATED FIGURES1974-79, figures: burlap and resin, pedestal: steel Eighteen pieces, each figure ca. 104 x 51 x 66 cm
Moderne de la Ville de Paris
The entire population of her figures is enough to fill a large public square. They are today over thousand but they have never been seen together. They remain in various museums, public and private collections in different parts of the world. They constitute a warning, a lasting anxiety.
AGORA2005-2006, iron 106 figures 285-295 x 95-100 x 135-145 cm Permanent installation in Grant Park, Chicago