Chapter 2. Before the first global age. The Olmecs. The Olmecs were the earliest known civilization in the Americas. The Olmecs lived along the Gulf of Mexico about 3,500 years ago. The Olmecs supplied nearby cities with food .
Before the first global age
The Olmecs were the earliest known civilization in the Americas.
The Olmecs lived along the Gulf of Mexico about 3,500 years ago.
The Olmecs supplied nearby cities with food.
The Olmecs carved huge stone heads but left few written records.
The Mayas were influenced by the Olmecs.
Mayan priests held great power and performed harvest and military ceremonies on top of huge stone pyramids.
Mayan priests made advancements in astronomy and created an accurate 365 day calendar.
For unknown reasons, Mayans abandoned their cities around the year A.D. 900.
Early Aztecs were nomads who searched for food.
Tenochtitlán, the capital, was built on an island in Lake Texcoco.
The Aztecs thought the sun was a warrior and tried to appease it with human sacrifices.
The Aztec empire stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean by 1500.
The Incan empire stretched 2,500 miles and was on the west coast of South America.
Cuzco was a holy city located high in the Andes Mountains.
The empire was made up of about 10 million people.
The Incas had a network of roads that covered over 10,000 miles.
The Incas were skilled engineers who created terraces on the mountainsides.
Hohokams lived in present day southern Arizona about 2,000 years ago.
The Anasazis built houses using stone and adobe.
The Anasazis later built houses along steep cliffs to better protect themselves.
MoundBuilders lived in eastern North America beginning about 3,000 years ago.
They used the mounds for burials and for religious ceremonies.
Collected driftwood for tools and shelter
Lived in pit houses
Women made warm clothing out of fur and waterproof boots from sealskins
The Utes and the Shoshones
Ate pine nuts and roots and hunted mountain sheep and rabbits
Had few possessions
People had more resources, so they could stay in one place
Built permanent villages and traded with other groups
Families held potlatches to show wealth and status
Hunted, fished, and farmed along the Gulf of Mexico
Used a 13 month calendar with months such as: Strawberry, Mulberry, Deer, and Bear
Marriage laws ensured class changes
Lived in long houses
Women held family and political power
Included five nations
Sachems met once a year to make decisions for the League.
How was trade linked to the spread of Islam?
As people traded goods, they traded ideas and spread the religion.
What were the two major trade routes used by Muslim traders?
Across land by the Silk Road
Across the Indian Ocean
How did trade help city-states develop?
The concentration of wealth made it necessary to develop some form of government.
Where did most people in Africa live?
Most people lived in small villages.
What importance did extended families and kinship have in small African villages?
Families in small villages were dependent upon one another for survival.
Which statement best describes Chinese trade in the 1400s?
a) Eventually a Chinese fleet crossed the Pacific and rounded the tip of South America.
b) In the early 1400s, a large Chinese fleet traded in many foreign ports; then, after thirty years, it suddenly stopped.
c) In the 1400s, the Chinese built a new fleet patterned after the many Chinese fleets before it.
d) The Chinese established several trading cities on the west coast of Africa.
Early Greek thinkers said that
A. it was a sacred duty to obey God’s laws.
B. God had given Jesus the Ten Commandments
C. all people, rich or poor, could achieve salvation
D. all people were equal before the law