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What do you call a sweet bubbly beverage…. Geography of Languages. Language. What language is spoken by the most people in the world?. 10 most spoken languages.

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  • What language is spoken by the most people in the world?

10 most spoken languages
10 most spoken languages

1. Mandarin Chinese - 882 million2. Spanish - 325 million3. English - 312-380 million4. Arabic - 206-422 million5. Hindi - 181 million6. Portuguese - 178 million7. Bengali - 173 million8. Russian - 146 million9. Japanese - 128 million10. German - 96 million


  • How many languages do you think are spoken in the world today?

  • Write your estimate on your notes


  • Between 6,000 and 7,000 living languages in the world today

  • Many of these are endangered…

Why is language important
Why is Language Important?

  • Language is important to culture because it is the main means of communication

    • One generation passes customs and skills to the next generation through language

Dialect regional variety of a language
Dialect – regional variety of a language

United states dialects
United States Dialects

  • Eastern New England

    • Pahk the cah

  • New York City

    • fugedaboudit

United states dialects1
United States Dialects

  • Chicago Urban

    • They call any sweet roll doughnuts.

  • North Midland

    • They call doughnuts belly sinkers, doorknobs, dunkers, and fatcakes.

  • If someone speaks the same language as you…

    • How do you communicate?

  • If someone speaks the same language as you, but a different dialect…

    • How do you communicate?

  • If someone speaks a different language than you…

    • How do you communicate?


  • Lingua franca= language of trade and communication

  • What do you think is the lingua franca of the world?


  • English is the most widespread language in the world.

  • English spread rapidly when Britain began to colonize large areas of the world.

  • Today, English is the main language of the internet.

Did you know
Did you know…

  • English is the universal language of airline pilots and air-traffic control.

  • Many students in European countries are multi-lingual.

Geography of religion

Geography of Religionhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRLijCGe0vs&safety_mode=true&safe=active&persist_safety_mode=1

Why are geographers interested in religion
Why are geographers interested in religion?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRLijCGe0vs&safety_mode=true&safe=active&persist_safety_mode=1

  • Religious differences are a key component of many conflicts around the world

  • Religion is an important part of many people’s identity and connection to a certain place

Types of religions
Types of religionshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRLijCGe0vs&safety_mode=true&safe=active&persist_safety_mode=1

  • Ethnic religions – focus on one ethnic group and generally have not spread into other cultures. They do not seek to convert people to their beliefs.

  • Ethnic group – human populations that share a common culture or ancestry

Types of religions1
Types of religionshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRLijCGe0vs&safety_mode=true&safe=active&persist_safety_mode=1

  • Universalizing religions – seek followers all over the world. They hope to appeal to people of many different cultures.

Types of religions2
Types of religionshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRLijCGe0vs&safety_mode=true&safe=active&persist_safety_mode=1

  • Animist religions - People believe in the presence of the spirits and the forces of nature

    • Common in many traditional societies

    • likely were practiced long before more modern types of religions became common

Dates what do bc and ad mean
Dates: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRLijCGe0vs&safety_mode=true&safe=active&persist_safety_mode=1What do BC and AD mean?

BC – “before Christ”

AD – Latin “anno domini”, “in the year of our Lord”

BCE – before common era

CE – common era

Time line of major religions approximate
Time-line of major religionshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRLijCGe0vs&safety_mode=true&safe=active&persist_safety_mode=1(approximate)

  • 2000 BC: Hinduism

  • 1500 BC: Judaism

  • 600 BC: Buddhism, Confucianism

  • 0 AD: Christianity

  • 600 AD: Islam

  • Polytheismhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRLijCGe0vs&safety_mode=true&safe=active&persist_safety_mode=1 – belief in many gods

    • Hinduism, animist religions

  • Monotheism – belief in one god

    • Christianity

    • Islam

    • Judaism

No religion
No religion?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRLijCGe0vs&safety_mode=true&safe=active&persist_safety_mode=1

  • While religion remains important around the world, in some places it has declined.

  • A growing number of people in these places are secular, or non-religious.

    • Example: Europe