Sports and children
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Sports and children. Notebook: Kids And Sports (CBS News) - YouTube. Origin and Development of Organized Youth Sports. People began to realize that the social environment influences the character and behavior of children

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Sports and children

Sports and children

Notebook: Kids And Sports (CBS News) - YouTube


Origin and development of organized youth sports

Origin and Development of Organized Youth Sports

  • People began to realize that the social environment influences the character and behavior of children

  • Sports were supposed to teach boys how to cooperate and work together, and turn them into strong, assertive, competitive men

  • Most programs were for boys age 8-14 in the U.S. and girls were given the hope of becoming HS cheerleaders


5 factors related to the popularity of organized youth sports

5 Factors Related to the Popularity of Organized Youth Sports

  • 1- # of families with both parents working has increased (ASP)

  • 2- Significant changes in what it means to be a good parent

  • 3- Informal child controlled activities often provide occasions for children to cause trouble

  • 4- Outside the home has become dangerous

  • 5- The visibility of high-performance and professional sports has increased people’s awareness of organized sports as part of a culture


Trends in youth sports

Trends in Youth Sports

  • Organized programs are becoming privatized

    • Sponsored by private and commercial organizations

  • Programs are emphasizing the performance ethic

  • Increase in the # of elite sport training facilities

    • Many programs encourage exclusive attention to a single sport

  • Participation in alternative sports has increased

    • Popularity is based on children’s reactions against the highly structured character of adult-controlled organized sports


Informal player controlled sports

Informal Player Controlled Sports

  • 1- Emphasize action which will lead to scoring

    • No strikes or balls

  • 2- Challenging or exciting experience

  • 3- Opportunities to reaffirm friendships during games

  • Problems

    • Bigger and older kids exploited smaller and weaker

    • Girls and others were excluded from games

    • When space is a problem many don’t get the opportunity to play


Formal adult controlled sports

Formal Adult Controlled Sports

  • 1- Adults determine and enforce the rules

  • 2- Plan strategies and call plays

  • 3- Solve problems

  • 4- Controlled schedules and playing times

    • Less skilled sat on sidelines

  • 5-Deviance occurred more often

  • 6- Status on teams depends on the coaches’ assessment of physical skills


When are children ready to play organized competitive sports

When are Children Ready to Play Organized Competitive Sports

  • 8 years old-children begin to develop the cognitive and social abilities they need to fully understand the complex social relationships involved in most competitive sports

    • Beehive soccer

    • Parents may accuse kids of not trying or having a bad attitude

  • 12- abilities are fully developed for most children


Family and organized sports

Family and Organized Sports

  • Pressure on children

    • If they quit, they feel their parents may withdraw support and attention

    • If they play sports but don’t perform well, they fear their parents will criticize them

    • If they perform well, they fear they will be treated like “little pros” instead of children

    • 70% of children drop out by age 13


Roles

Roles

  • Mothers- drive children to practices and games, fix meals at convenient times, wash dirty uniforms, make sure equipment is safe, raise funds for teams/leagues, prepare food for pre-post games, make phone calls about schedule changes, provide emotional support when athletes play bad

  • Fathers- handle on the field administrative matters (coaching, field maintenance, league admin)


Gender differences in children

Gender Differences in Children

  • Boys popularity depends on…

    • Athletic ability

    • Toughness

    • coolness

  • Girls popularity depends on…

    • Families social status

    • Physical appearance

    • Grooming behavior

    • Relationships with boys

    • Grades in school


Gender difference in children

Gender Difference in Children

  • Fathers play with their sons more often in more physically active ways

  • Boys are more likely than girls to think they are better than they actually are when it comes to sports skills

  • Changing Children’s Sports

    • How can we make a better sporting environment for our children


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