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Property II Professor Donald J. Kochan. Spring 2009 Class 50 1 April 2009. Today’s Materials. More Introduction to Public Use Please download, read, and be prepared to discuss.  Be sure you read the footnotes: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract%5Fid=907689 Berman Midkiff

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property ii professor donald j kochan

Property IIProfessor Donald J. Kochan

Spring 2009

Class 50

1 April 2009

today s materials
Today’s Materials
  • More Introduction to Public Use
  • Please download, read, and be prepared to discuss.  Be sure you read the footnotes:

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract%5Fid=907689

    • Berman
    • Midkiff
    • Poletown & Hathcock
    • Kelo
  • Deference to Legislature Issues
  • Redevelopment Issues
  • Planning Issues
  • Blight
  • Redistribution
discussion issues
Discussion Issues
  • Definition of Public Use and Deference (whereas . . .)
  • Redevelopment, Revitalization, Blight, and Planning Issues
  • Tax Revenue Issues, economic growth, employment
  • Options: Private Market Acquisition (free exchange) or Eminent Domain (coercion)
  • Holdouts as a justification for using eminent domain to advance certain projects
  • Public Choice/Interest Group/Capture Theories Issues
      • Rent-Seeking, buyers and sellers, commodity
  • Redistribution Issues – (“I can do better than you can”)
  • Property Rule Issues/Right to Exclude v. Liability Issues
  • Effects on Incentives, Predictability, Certainty, Stability
public responses to kelo
Public Responses to Kelo
  • “Stop Eminent Domain Abuse” community activism: See, e.g., http://www.castlecoalition.org/
  • Supplemental reading: A short discussion of redevelopment and urban renewal:

http://lawreview.wustl.edu/slip-opinions/kelos-lessons-for-urban-redevelopment-history-forgotten/

  • Legislative Responses
      • Limiting legislation
      • “Look Before You Leap” Analysis legislation
      • Compensation legislation
  • “Public Use” Jurisprudential and Legislative Predictions
      • Options
      • Outcome-oriented changes unlikely
from the archives chapman post kelo program on props 98 and 99
From the Archives:Chapman Post-Kelo Program on Props 98 and 99

Eminent Domain, Property Rights, and Ballot Proposals: Where Do the Government Powers End and the Citizens\' Rights Begin? – A Post-Kelo Discussion on California Proposals 98 and 99

April 14, 2008 5:30 p.m.

Chapman University School of Law

Donald P. Kennedy Hall, One University Drive, Orange, California

Food Will Be Served? / MCLE Credit Available

  • Sponsored by:

The Chapman University School of Law Federalist Society Chapter

The Orange County Federalist Society Lawyers Chapter?

The Federalist Society Environmental Law & Property Rights Practice Group

  • After Kelo, there has been a heightened debate over the appropriate use of eminent domain, or condemnation, power, particularly when the ultimate beneficiaries are private parties and special interests. There has been a grassroots and citizen-based uproar as a result of the belief that the government is abusing its power through certain exercises of eminent domain. Some have stormed the legislative halls, courts, and newsrooms demanding a more just appreciation of property rights. This panel will discuss these issues in relation California Proposals 98 and 99.

Panelists:

  • Professor Donald J. Kochan Chapman University School of Law
  • Mr. Christopher KoontzCity Planning Associate, City of Los Angeles
  • Mr. Kendall MacVey, Esq.Best Best & Krieger
  • Professor Lawrence RosenthalChapman University School of Law
  • Mr. Timothy Sandefur, Esq,Pacific Legal Foundation
california s proposition 98 june 2008 failed to pass
California’s Proposition 98 (June 2008 – Failed to Pass)
  • “EMINENT DOMAIN. LIMITS ON GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY.INITIATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT.
  • Bars state and local governments from taking or damaging private property for private uses.
  • Prohibits rent control and similar measures.
  • Prohibits deference to government in takings cases.
  • Defines “just compensation.”
  • Requires an award of attorneys fees and costs if a property owner obtains a judgment for more than the amount offered by the government.
  • Requires government to offer to original owner of condemned property the right to repurchase property at condemned price when property is put to substantially different use than was publicly stated.”

For full text and other information, see:

http://june2008.sos.ca.gov/voterguide/title_sum/prop_98_title_sum.shtml

california prop 99 june 2008 passed
California Prop 99 (June 2008 – passed)
  • “EMINENT DOMAIN. LIMITS ON GOVERNMENT ACQUISITION OF OWNER-OCCUPIED RESIDENCE. INITIATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT.
  • Bars state and local governments from using eminent domain to acquire an owner-occupied residence, as defined, for conveyance to a private person or business entity.
  • Creates exceptions for public work or improvement, public health and safety protection, and crime prevention.”

For full text and other information, see:

http://june2008.sos.ca.gov/voterguide/title_sum/prop_99_title_sum.shtml

supplemental reading the detroit news summary on poletown
Supplemental Reading:The Detroit NewsSummary on Poletown
  • http://apps.detnews.com/apps/history/index.php?id=18&CFID=13523949&CFTOKEN=10118560
  • The City of Wayne v. Hathcock update – judicial reform
supplemental reading chapman law graduate tim sandefur on eminent domain
Supplemental Reading: Chapman Law Graduate Tim Sandefur on Eminent Domain
  • http://www.castlecoalition.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=46&Itemid=146
other highly recommended supplemental reading
Other Highly Recommended Supplemental Reading
  • Richard A. Epstein,

Takings: Private Property and the Power of Eminent Domain (1985)

concluding remarks
Concluding Remarks
  • Relate the use of eminent domain to the general regulatory structure
  • Remember to consider separation of powers issues, including competency of the judiciary and the reasons for deferential standards
  • Consider whether human values/societal values trump the autonomy model
  • Reflect back on property rules and liability rules
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