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NATION BUILDING. Transportation Early Industrialization Early Factories Cotton Revolution Marshall Court. Transportation Revolution. Roads: public and private finance Flatboats: hauled goods down river. Steam Boats: Robert Fulton- Hudson rout By 1815 steamers from New Orleans to Ohio.

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NATION BUILDING

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Nation building

NATION BUILDING

Transportation

Early Industrialization

Early Factories

Cotton Revolution

Marshall Court


Transportation revolution

Transportation Revolution

  • Roads: public and private finance

  • Flatboats: hauled goods down river.

  • Steam Boats: Robert Fulton- Hudson rout

    • By 1815 steamers from New Orleans to Ohio.

  • Canals: 1825 Erie Canal 364 miles,

    • Connected Miss/Ohio river to Atlantic.

  • New York: “Emporium of America”

    • Shipping from NY to Liverpool.


Erie canal 1818 1825 364 miles

Erie Canal: 1818-1825, 364 miles


8 preconditions for industrialization

8 Preconditions for Industrialization

  • Transportation: roads, canals, steamboats

  • Power: steam power replaces water

  • Technological advances: iron and steel

  • Capital: BUS, private and state banks

  • Labor: immigration

  • Private property laws: Marshall court

  • Natural Resources

  • Communication


Early factories

Early Factories

  • Artisan and Home manufacturing

  • “Putting out system”

  • British Industrial Revolution:1790

  • New England Textile Factories

    • Francis Lowell (1813-1850) his was the

    • 1st big U.S. Factory system

  • Who workers ?: “Mill Girls” and Children

    • Then later, Immigrants

  • Factory work: wage labor, repetitive tasks

  • Eli Whitney: proto assembly line, rifles


Cotton revolution

Cotton Revolution

  • Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin 1793

  • Supply cotton for textile mills

  • Revival of slavery: 10,000 bales in 1793,

    • 400,000 bales of cotton produced in 1820

  • Cotton Belt: Louisiana Purchase

  • American Colonization Society 1817

    • Raised money to send slaves back to Africa

    • About 12,000 former slaves settled Liberia


John marshall court 1801 1835

John Marshall Court: 1801-1835

  • Judicial Review, Sanctity of contracts,

    • economic growth, National laws supreme

    • over state laws

  • Dartmouth v. Woodward (1819)

    • Sanctity of contracts, SC reviews state laws.

  • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) BUS,

    • Implied powers, national laws supreme

  • Gibbon v. Ogden (1824)

    • National econ. Growth, “interstate commerce”


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