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NATION BUILDING. Transportation Early Industrialization Early Factories Cotton Revolution Marshall Court. Transportation Revolution. Roads: public and private finance Flatboats: hauled goods down river. Steam Boats: Robert Fulton- Hudson rout By 1815 steamers from New Orleans to Ohio.

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nation building

NATION BUILDING

Transportation

Early Industrialization

Early Factories

Cotton Revolution

Marshall Court

transportation revolution
Transportation Revolution
  • Roads: public and private finance
  • Flatboats: hauled goods down river.
  • Steam Boats: Robert Fulton- Hudson rout
    • By 1815 steamers from New Orleans to Ohio.
  • Canals: 1825 Erie Canal 364 miles,
    • Connected Miss/Ohio river to Atlantic.
  • New York: “Emporium of America”
    • Shipping from NY to Liverpool.
8 preconditions for industrialization
8 Preconditions for Industrialization
  • Transportation: roads, canals, steamboats
  • Power: steam power replaces water
  • Technological advances: iron and steel
  • Capital: BUS, private and state banks
  • Labor: immigration
  • Private property laws: Marshall court
  • Natural Resources
  • Communication
early factories
Early Factories
  • Artisan and Home manufacturing
  • “Putting out system”
  • British Industrial Revolution:1790
  • New England Textile Factories
    • Francis Lowell (1813-1850) his was the
    • 1st big U.S. Factory system
  • Who workers ?: “Mill Girls” and Children
    • Then later, Immigrants
  • Factory work: wage labor, repetitive tasks
  • Eli Whitney: proto assembly line, rifles
cotton revolution
Cotton Revolution
  • Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin 1793
  • Supply cotton for textile mills
  • Revival of slavery: 10,000 bales in 1793,
    • 400,000 bales of cotton produced in 1820
  • Cotton Belt: Louisiana Purchase
  • American Colonization Society 1817
    • Raised money to send slaves back to Africa
    • About 12,000 former slaves settled Liberia
john marshall court 1801 1835
John Marshall Court: 1801-1835
  • Judicial Review, Sanctity of contracts,
    • economic growth, National laws supreme
    • over state laws
  • Dartmouth v. Woodward (1819)
    • Sanctity of contracts, SC reviews state laws.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) BUS,
    • Implied powers, national laws supreme
  • Gibbon v. Ogden (1824)
    • National econ. Growth, “interstate commerce”
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